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| Sikh rites|
The practice of the "Sikh way of life" has been laid out by the Gurus in simple, precise and practical manner. The Gurus emphasise that a Sikh should lead a disciplined life engaged in Naam Simran, meditation on God's name, Kirat Karni, living a honest life of a house-holder and Wand kay Shako, share what one has with the community. This translates into hard work, honest living, love of fellow humans and through them service of the God, the primal power. This way of life is said to have been stripped of complications, myths, jargon, rituals and exploitation of man by man in the name of religion. No benefits are gained by where and to which family the person is born to – All have to undertake the rigours of Simran (meditation) and Sewa (selfless service ) to progress spiritually. The Sri Guru Granth Sahib asks the Sikh to "Practice truth, contentment and kindness; this is the most excellent way of life. One who is so blessed by the Formless Lord God renounces selfishness, and becomes the dust of all. (3) (SGGS page 51)
The Sikh is required to undertake the following observances:
A. Disciplined Life
- Wake up early in the morning.
- Bath and cleanse the body and mind
- Engage in family life and address your responsibilities within & outside the family.
- Earn a living through earnest means.
- Undertake to help the less well off with monetary or/and physical help.
- Exercise your responsibilities to the community and take active part in the maintenance and safeguard of the community.
B. Personal Regulations
- Wear the 5Ks
- Kesh – long and uncut hair and a turban to protect the hair on the head.
- Kanga – small comb to be used twice daily to keep the hair in clean and healthy condition.
- Kacha – underwear in the form of short to exercise self-control.
- Kara – a steel slave bangle on the dominant arm to remind the Sikh to always remember the Guru before undertaking any action.
- Kirpan – a short dagger to remind the Sikh that he is to defend against repression of the weak.
- Meditate by reciting his Gurbani and by singing his Kirtan (music based hymns) and remember Him always.
- Wash your mind clean with Sewa, selfless service to the community by doing manual work at the Gurdwara by cleaning the dishes, washing the floors, painting the walls; working in Community Centres; in old peoples homes, etc.
- Practice Truth at all times: To live by the Gurus instruction to practice Truth thus: "Those who practice Truth reap the profits, abiding in the Will of God. With the Merchandise of Truth, they meet the Guru, who does not have a trace of greed. (6)" (SGGS page 59) and also "O Siblings of Destiny, follow the Guru's Teachings and dwell in truth. Practice truth, and only truth, and merge in the True Word of the Shabad. ||1||Pause||" (SGGS page 30)
- Be kind and merciful to others: Kindness is a virtue that the Sikh have been asked to exercise at all times. The Gurus have shown on many occasion how to practise and live a life of kindness and mercy and have the following message for the keen devotee: "Become 'Jivan-Mukta', liberated while yet alive, by meditating on the Lord of the Universe, O mind, and maintaining faith in Him in your heart. Show kindness and mercy to all beings, and realize that the Lord is pervading everywhere; this is the way of life of the enlightened soul, the supreme swan. ||7||" (SGGS page 508)
- Become a Gurmukh by doing Good deeds: The Sikh Gurus repeatedly ask the dedicated Sikh to always do good deeds as shown by this verse from the Guru Granth Sahib - "The Gurmukh practices doing good deeds; thus he comes to understand this mind. The mind is like an elephant, drunk with wine. The Guru is the rod which controls it, and shows it the way. ||2||" (SGGS page 159)
C. Community Practices
- Organise Gurdwaras: As a community the Sikh need to setup a local place of worship called a Gurdwara. Services need to held in the morning and evening including:
- Asa-di-war kirtan
- Sukhmani sahib paath
- Ardas and Hukamnama
- Kirtan programs
- Naming Ceremony
- Marriage Ceremony
- Antim Sanskar
- Amrit Ceremony, etc
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|Gurus:||Nanak Dev | Guru Angad | Amar Das | Ram Das | Guru Arjan | Har Gobind | Har Rai | Har Krishan | Tegh Bahadur | Gobind Singh | Guru Granth Sahib | Sikh Bhagats|
|Philosophy:||Sikh Beliefs | Simran | Sewa | Beliefs and Principles | Underlying Values | Prohibitions | Technique and Methods | Other observations | Technique and Methods|
|Practices:||Ardas | Amrit Sanskar | Chardi Kala | Dasvandh | Five Ks | Kirat Karni | Kirtan | Langar | Naam Japna | Simran | Three Pillars | Vand Chakna | Five Evils | Five Virtues|
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