Sikh discipline

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Part of a series on
Sikh Practices

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History of Sikhism
Sikh Beliefs


Amrit Sanskar
Anand Karaj
Antam Sanskar
Naam Karan

Sikh rites

Ardas . Dasvandh
Langar . Paath
Kirtan . Kara Parshad


5 Banis . Five ks
Five Evils
Five Virtues
Simran . Seva
Three Pillars

Articles on Sikhism

A Sikh is required by the Sikh Gurus to live a disciplined life by doing pure and righteous deeds and actions. He or she must live an active life and not become lazy; to recite the name of the Lord - Naam Japna (focus of God), to engage in honest earning - Kirat Karni (honest living) and to share what one has with the needy - Vand Chakna (sharing with others). With these 3 values, the Guru knew that the person would achieve spiritual elevation and material happiness and well-being in this world. "Those who have meditated on the Naam, the Name of the Lord, and departed after having worked by the sweat of their brows -O Nanak, their faces are radiant in the Court of the Lord, and many are saved along with them!" (SGGS p 8)

The following are the list of activities that a Sikh should engage in:

Reading the banis

5 Banis - The initiated Sikh is asked by the Panj Piare during the Amrit Sanchar ceremony to recite the following 5 banis every morning as a commitment to the Sikh Gurus and Waheguru. The banis are: Japji Sahib, Jaap Sahib, Anand Sahib, Benti Chaupai and Amrit Savaiye - these banis are usually recited daily by all devoted Sikhs in the early morning.

Five Ks or panj kakaar/kakke, are five items of faith that baptised Khalsa Sikhs wear at all times as per the command of the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh who so ordered at the Baisakhi Amrit Sanchar in 1699. The Five Ks are not merely symbols but articles of faith which collectively form the external visible symbols to identify, clearly & outwardly advertise and display one's commitment and dedication to the Hukam (order) of the tenth master. Guru Gobind Singh ordered his followers to wear the Five Ks so that they could actively use them to make a difference to their own
Kanga, Kara and Kirpan - articles of faith endowed by Guru Gobind Singh
and to others' spirituality. However, Sikhism recognises the concept of a multi-level approach to achieving one's target as a disciple of the faith as well. For example, “Sahajdhari” (slow adopters) are those Sikhs who have not yet donned the full Five Ks.

Five Evils or five thieves or pancadokh or panj vikar as they are referred to in Sikh Scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, are, according to Sikhism, the five major weaknesses of the human personality at variance with its spiritual essence. The common evils far exceed in number, but a group of five of them came to be identified because of the obstruction they are believed to cause in man's pursuit of the moral and spiritual path. The group of five evils comprises Kam (Lust), Krodh (Rage), Lobh (Greed), Moh (Attachment) and Ahankar (ego) in Punjabi; translated into English these words mean lust/addiction, wrath/rage/anger, materialistic greed, attachment/worldly infatuation and ego/pride respectively. The word 'evil' here may be understood to represent the connotation of Punjabi pap (sin), dokh (defect), or kilbikh (defilement).

Five Virtues - For Sikhs, the final goal of life is to reunite or merge with God (Mukti). The Sikh Gurus taught that to achieve this goal it was important to work hard at developing positive human qualities which lead the soul closer to God. The Gurus taught that all human beings have the qualities they need to reunite with God but they must train their minds to make the most of these qualities. In order to reach the final goal of life, Sikhs believe that they must constantly develop their love for God by developing compassion for all God’s creation.


Simran ( ਸਿਮਰਨ ) - In Sikhism refers to the repetition or recital of the Gods Name, Nām or of the Holy Text from the Sri Guru Granth Sahib. The word is derived from Sanskrit word Smaran meaning Remembrance. Also translates to ‘Meditation’ – The verb Simar, which is derived from Simran means meditating.

Sewa - To perform selfless service, without any thought of reward or personal benefit. All Sikhs are encouraged by their GURU(Shiri Guru Granth Sahib) to perform Seva or Selfless Service. This is not only good for community relations but also is good for the moral upliftent. You will find Sikhs engaged in free service in Gurdwaras washing dishes or cleaning the floors, etc. Sikhs are also encouraged to help the community by performing unpaid work in Hospitals, Old Peoples' Homes, Community Centres, etc.

GT Kar Seva.jpg

Three Pillars 1. The Guru led the Sikhs directly to practise Simran and Naam Japna – meditation on God and reciting and chanting of God’s Name - Waheguru. The Sikh is to recite the Nitnem banis daily in remembrance of the grace and kirpa of the Almighty.

2. He asked the Sikhs to live as householders and practise Kirat Karni – To honestly earn by ones physical and mental effort while accepting Gods gifts and blessing. One is to speak the truth at all times and only fear God. Live a life of decency, high moral values and spirituality.

3. The Sikhs were asked to share their wealth within the community by practising Vand Chakna – “Share and Consume together”. The community or Sadh Sangat is an important part of Sikhism. One must be part of a community that is pursing the values set out by the Sikh Gurus and every Sikh has to give in whatever way possible to the community. This spirit of Giving is an important message from Guru Nanak.