|Full Name :||Bhagat Dhanna Ji|
|Birth :||Dhuan Kalan, Distt. Tonk, Rajasthan India|
|Parents :||Father: Bhai Panna, Mother: Mata Reva|
|Other Info:||Three verses in Guru Granth Sahib.|
Bhagat Dhanna (Gurmukhi: ਭਗਤ ਧੰਨਾ) was a devotee and a Gurmukh, born in village of Dhuan Kalan in 1415, on April 20th near Deoli city, in the Tonk district, Rajasthan, present day North West India. His Bani is included in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
Though born in a Jatt Hindu family of the Dhaliwal Clan, he rejected all Hindu traditions and rituals when he came in contact with Gurmukhs. He found God from his heart. He choose to control his desires and to have the only one desire for God. He was a farmer by profession. The 5th Nanak said Bhagat Dhanna Ji served the Lord, with the innocence of a child. He followed commands of the Lord after realising the true way of the Lord.
Sikhs admire and follow the teachings of Bhagat Dhanna Ji, as in Gurmat, Bhagat Kabir Ji, Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Bhagat Ravidas Ji, and the Bhatts are all the same and all are treated as Gurus - "spiritual guides". Sikhs bow before Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji which includes the teachings of many Bhagats and Bhatts who had the same thoughts and views about Waheguru as the Gurus did. The creator himself spoke through his Bhagats, revealing the holy Shabad.
Bhagat ji was born in house of Bhai Panna from Mai Reva in village Dhuan Kalan Tonk District of Rajasthan in April 1415. He was the only son in his family.
He was born into a farmer family (Jatt) and he was not educated in any school or college. In the beginning he was an idol worshipper; but after that he became a "Param Sant" (pure saint). He earned his livelihood by farming (Kheti). From his early childhood, he was a very simple, hard-working and straightforward person. He enjoyed the company of saints and scholars.
He also spent time serving the needy and holy men with dedication and devotion. When he grew up, after he stopped worshipping idols, he went to Kashi and he got the initiation from Swami Ramananda. He was an illiterate; but in the end he achieved high status and became a Perfect Saint.
There is a Gurdwara of Saint Dhanna Bhagat in village Duan Kalan. where he was born, in 1415, Medieval India.
Guru Arjun Dev Ji on Dhanna
Guru Arjan admires Bhagat Dhanna for his dedication towards the Lord. According to him, Dhanna was not initially a Gurmukh but when he met company of saints where only truth is discussed; where knowledge of only the one is given; he became a Gurmukh, "Guru-guided". He worshipped God and found God within his heart. He served God with innocence like a child as he was a very humble person. Guru Arjun dev said that like Bhagat Dhanna his too wants his mind to also become the Lord's slave. Following are lines which Arjun Dev has said about Bhagat Dhanna ji in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib:
- SGGS page 488: “Hearing this, Dhanna the Jaat applied himself to devotional worship. The Lord of the Universe met him personally; Dhanna was so very blessed. ||4||2||”
- SGGS Page 835: “Naam Dayv, Jai Dayv, Kabeer, Trilochan and Ravi Daas the low-caste leather-worker, blessed Dhanna and Sain; all those who joined the humble Saadh Sangat, met the Merciful Lord. ||7||”
- SGGS Page 995: “O my mind, chant the Naam, the Name of the Lord, and cross over. Dhanna the farmer, and Balmik the highway robber, became Gurmukh, and crossed over. ||1||Pause||”
- SGGS Page 1192: “Dhanna served the Lord, with the innocence of a child. Meeting with the Guru, Trilochan attained the perfection of the Siddhas. The Guru blessed Baynee with His Divine Illumination. O my mind, you too must be the Lord`s slave. ||5||”
Bhagat Dhanna's sakhi
- Main article: Sakhi of Bhagat Dhanna
Bhagat Dhanna ji was a Sikh Bhagat born in Dhuan village in Tonk district, Rajasthan, present day North West India in about 1415. He was a simple Indian farmer. He worked hard on his farm all day tending his crops. He used to go past the house of this clever Pundit (priest) everyday on the way to his work on the farm.
Dhanna ji used to listen to the Pundit singing religions verses and carry out various ritualistic acts, which were beyond the understanding of this simple Jatt (farmer). He found these acts intriguing but never asked the religious man about any of the things that he had observed in the many years that he had gone past the Pundit’s house.
One day, Bhai Dhanna ji was passing the pundit's house and noticed that the religious man was feeding his Thakur - a stone idol. Bhai Dhanna ji was quite puzzled by what he was observing. On this occasion as he had some free time, he went and asked the Pundit,
"Pundit Ji, What are you doing?"
The Pundit was very hungry and wanted to get this feeding over as soon as possible and really wasn't in a mood for Bhai Dhanna ji's simple inquiries. He replied, "Oh, nothing, I am just feeding my Thakur. Now if you will excuse me..."
Dhanna Personal Experience
Dhanna shared his personal experience which is also part of guidance through Guru Granth Sahib:
ਭਰਮਤ ਫਿਰਤ ਬਹ ਜਨਮ ਬਿਲਾਨੇ ਤਨ ਮਨ ਧਨ ਨਹੀ ਧੀਰੇ ॥
I wandered through countless incarnations, but mind, body and wealth never remain stable.
ਲਾਲਚ ਬਿਖ ਕਾਮ ਲਬਧ ਰਾਤਾ ਮਨਿ ਬਿਸਰੇ ਪਰਭ ਹੀਰੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
Attached to, and stained by the poisons of sexual desire and greed, the mind has forgotten the jewel of the Lord. ||1||Pause||
ਬਿਖ ਫਲ ਮੀਠ ਲਗੇ ਮਨ ਬਉਰੇ ਚਾਰ ਬਿਚਾਰ ਨ ਜਾਨਿਆ ॥
The poisonous fruit seems sweet to the demented mind, which does not know the difference between good and evil.
ਗਨ ਤੇ ਪਰੀਤਿ ਬਢੀ ਅਨ ਭਾਂਤੀ ਜਨਮ ਮਰਨ ਫਿਰਿ ਤਾਨਿਆ ॥੧॥
Turning away from virtue, his love for other things increases, and he weaves again the web of birth and death. ||1||
ਜਗਤਿ ਜਾਨਿ ਨਹੀ ਰਿਦੈ ਨਿਵਾਸੀ ਜਲਤ ਜਾਲ ਜਮ ਫੰਧ ਪਰੇ ॥
He does not know the way to the Lord, who dwells within his heart; burning in the trap, he is caught by the noose of death.
ਬਿਖ ਫਲ ਸੰਚਿ ਭਰੇ ਮਨ ਝਸੇ ਪਰਮ ਪਰਖ ਪਰਭ ਮਨ ਬਿਸਰੇ ॥੨॥
Gathering the poisonous fruits, he fills his mind with them, and he forgets God, the Supreme Being, from his mind. ||2||
ਗਿਆਨ ਪਰਵੇਸ ਗਰਹਿ ਧਨ ਦੀਆ ਧਿਆਨ ਮਾਨ ਮਨ ਝਕ ਮਝ ॥
The Guru has given the wealth of spiritual wisdom; practicing meditation, the mind becomes one with Him.
ਪਰੇਮ ਭਗਤਿ ਮਾਨੀ ਸਖ ਜਾਨਿਆ ਤਰਿਪਤਿ ਅਘਾਨੇ ਮਕਤਿ ਭਝ ॥੩॥
Embracing loving devotional worship for the Lord, I have come to know peace; satisfied and satiated, I have been liberated. ||3||
ਜੋਤਿ ਸਮਾਇ ਸਮਾਨੀ ਜਾ ਕੈ ਅਛਲੀ ਪਰਭ ਪਹਿਚਾਨਿਆ ॥
One who is filled with the Divine Light, recognizes the undeceivable Lord God.
ਧੰਨੈ ਧਨ ਪਾਇਆ ਧਰਣੀਧਰ ਮਿਲਿ ਜਨ ਸੰਤ ਸਮਾਨਿਆ ॥੪॥੧॥
Dhanna has obtained the Lord, the Sustainer of the World, as his wealth; meeting the humble Saints, he merges in the Lord. ||4||1||
Bhagat Dhanna's Bani
Bhagat Dhanna's Bani can be found in the following ANG (page) of Guru Granth Sahib:
- Bhagat Dhanna, pg. 487 to 488
- Bhagat Dhanna, pg. 695
|These are the 15 Bhagats of Sikhism|
Bhagat Beni | Bhagat Bhikhan | Bhagat Dhanna | Sheikh Farid | Bhagat Jaidev | Bhagat Kabir | Bhagat Namdev | Bhagat Parmanand | Bhagat Pipa | Bhagat Ramanand | Bhagat Ravidas | Bhagat Sadhna | Bhagat Sain | Bhagat Surdas | Bhagat Trilochan