Tukhari

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This is an Indian musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short. Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune.

In the SGGS, the Sikh holy Granth (book), there are a total of 31 raga/Chapters compositions and this raga is the twenty-second 22nd raga/Chapter to appear in the series. The composition in this raga appears on a total of 11 pages from page numbers 1107 to 1118.

Major Compositions

  1. The Bara Maha Composition from Guru Nanak Dev Jee is registered in this Chapter or Raaga Tukhari.
  2. The Shabad on Ang 1117, Ghol Ghumaa-ee Laalna gur Man deena

Tukhari was probably based on a folk tune and was very likely developed by Guru Nanak Dev Ji into a raga for the singing of certain shabads. No raga of this name appears in the classifications of the period when shabads were being composed and the Holy Book was being compiled. A raga called Mukhari may be found in the classifications of Karnataka (South Indian) ragas during the period from the 15th to the 18th centuries. Tukhari was used by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Ram Das Ji, and Guru Arjan Dev Ji. It appears to be a raga for the morning hours to be sung in winter. Its name, Tukhari, is the popular form of Tushar (Sanskrit for winter frost). No melodic material for Tukhari is available but for the sake of comparison, the scale of Mukhari is given:

Section Punjabi English
Aroh: ਨ ਸ ਗ੝ ਮ’ ਪ ਨ ਸ Ni Sa Ga Ma' Pa Ni Sa
Avroh: ਸ ਨ ਧ ਪ ਨ੝ ਧ ਪ ਮ’ ਗ੝ ਰ ਸ Sa Ni Dha Pa Ni Dha Pa Ma' Ga Re Sa
Pakar: ਨ ਨ ਧ ਪ, ਮ ਪ, ਮ ਗ, ਰ ਸ Ni Ni Dha Pa, Ma Pa, Ma Ga, Re Sa
Vadi: Pa
Samvadi: Sa

Gurbani Keertan in Raag Tukhari

See also

External links