(Bihaagarraa) This is an Indian musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib or SGGS or short. Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used, the notes that can be used, and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune. The SGGS consists of 60 ragas and this is the twenty second raga to appear in the series. The composition in this raga appears on 20 pages from page 537 to 557.
Bihagara is very similar to the modern and very popular raga Bihag. The resemblance is so close that many performers have trouble maintaining the significance of each. Bihagara is not given in the Ragmala. Today it is classified under the Bilaval thata. Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadar set a total of 17 Shabads (hymns), chhants, and a var to this raga. This raga is performed during the night time between 9 p.m. and midnight, and it creates a devotional mood and has a tranquilising effect. The texts composed to this raga describes how complete peace and satisfaction comes to the person who surrenders everything to the Lord.
Raag Bihagara (ਬਿਹਾਗੜਾ) – The mood of Bihagara is that of extreme sadness and pain, which gives rise to the need to find peace and understanding. The heightened emotional state of sadness is only harnessed by the craving for truth and meaning.
The following represents the order of notes that can be used on the ascending and descending phase of the composition and the primary and secondary notes:
|Aroh:||ਨ ਸ ਗ ਮ ਪ ਨ ਸ||Ni Sa Ga Ma Pa Ni Sa|
|Avroh:||ਸ ਨ ਧ ਪ ਨ ਧ ਪ ਗ ਮ ਗ ਰ ਸ||Sa Ni Dha Pa Ni Dha Pa Ga Ma Ga Re Sa|
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- Raj Academy of Asian Music
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|Kirtan:||Raga · Taal · Ragmala · Classical Music · Sangeet · Dhuni · Divan · Asa di Var · Jatha · Simran · Shabad · Tuk · Rababi · Dhadhi|
|Ragas:||Asa · Bairari · Basant · Bhairon · Bihagara · Bilaval · Devagandhari · Dhanasari · Gauri · Gond · Gujari · Jaijavanti · Jaitsri · Kalian · Kanara · Kedara · Maajh · Malaar · Mali Gaura · Maru · Nat Narain · Prabhati · Ramkali · Sarang · Sri · Sorath · Suhi · Tilang · Todi · Tukhari · Vadahans|
|Ragis:||Harjinder Singh · Maninder Singh · Amolak Singh · Darshan Singh · Balwinder Singh · Harbans Singh · Anoop Singh · Niranjan Singh · Amrik Singh · Avtar Singh · Snatam Kaur ·Kamaljit Kaur · Dileep Kaur · Joginder Singh · SS Maskeen|
|Saaj:||Harmonium · Tabla · · Tanpura · Taus · Rabab · Sarangi · Dilruba · · Saranda · Sarode · Sitar · Santoor · Pakhawaj · Dhadh · Dholak · Dool|