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Structure of Guru Granth Sahib

Guru Granth Sahib By Bhai Pratap Singh Giani.jpg

The Guru Granth Sahib begins with the word "Ek Onkar" – The All Pervading Being. From this Word to the tenth Word “Gur-parshad” is called the Mool Mantra. After this is the rest of the composition called the Japji composed by Guru Nanak Dev. This comprises 38 Pauris or stanzas, a Prologue and an Epilogue. This is one of the morning prayer of the Sikhs.

The next composition has two parts - (1) "So Dar" and (2) "So Purkh". The Bani, "So Dar" contains 5 Shabads and "So Purkh" contains 4 Shabads. This form most of the evening prayer of the Sikhs and is called the Rehras. After this is the Bani called Sohila (full name, Kirtan Sohila), which contains 5 Shabads and is the bed-time prayer.

Within it's 1430 pages, most of the Shabads (hymns) of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib are arranged in thirty-one Ragas, the traditional Indian musical measures and scales. ....Continued.

Bhai Santokh Singh, (1787 - 1843) the noted author of six important literary works - Naam Kosh, Guru Nanak Parkash, Garb Ganjni Teeka, Balmik Ramayan, Atam Purayan Teeka and his magnum opus, Sri Gur Partap Suraj Granth aka Suraj Parkash, was born on 8 October 1787.

He was the son of Bhai Deva Singh and Mata Rajadi, professional cloth printers of Nurdin village, also known as Sarai Nurdin, 7 km northwest of Tarn Taran in Amritsar district of the Punjab, India.

His father, though poor, was educated and well versed in the sacred texts. He sent his son, after preliminary education at home, to Amritsar where he became a pupil of Giani Sant Singh (1768 - 1832), a renowned man of letters and custodian of Sri Darbar Sahib.

After having studied Sikh Scripture and history, Sanskrit language and literature, poetics, philosophy and mythology at Amritsar for about 15 years, Santokh Singh moved to Buna, an old town on the right bank of the Yamuna in the present Yamuna Nagar district of Haryana, some time before 1813.

There he established himself as a writer, poet, and preacher. .....More

Did you know...

  • .....that the Sikhs believe that all life, including human life, comes from God. God is the Creator of the universe and the force that keeps it in existence.
  • .....that for the Sikhs, the final goal of life is to reunite or merge with God (Mukti). The Sikh Gurus taught that to achieve this goal it was important to work hard at developing positive human qualities which lead the soul closer to God.

Once there was no rain in a particular area for an extended period resulting danger to the crops. In some areas, the crops had already been destroyed.

So the local people of that area decided to do Ardas - a prayer or supplication to God so that their crops may be saved. Many hundreds of people gathered together at the designated place for this Ardas.

While this gathering was in progress, a passing Sikh Saint stopped by. He asked one of the crowd why there was such a big crowd gathered and what was the purpose of the gathering. One of them told the Sikh Saint that that they had gathered here to do Ardas because the crops will be destroyed in the absence of rain; they were going to ask God for rain.

The Saint said that was a good thing that they were doing an ardas but he did not see anyone carrying an umbrellas or "barsatie" (rain coats)…. When Waheguru (God) accepted your Ardas then there will be lot of rain. One group leader laughingly said, "But we do not know whether it will rain or not."

The Saint said, "How will your Ardas be accepted when you do not have faith in Waheguru" . He told them all to go home .

....More

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Nanakshahi Sawan 14, 548
July eventsNanakshahi month of SawanNanakshahi calendar
Restrain your wandering mind, and keep it in check...
(To read more of this quote, please click on the link below)
Guru Granth Sahib page 110
Badshah Darvesh Album by Bhai Daleep Singh Arshi
Bhai Daleep Singh Arshi .png Watch this full video (62.5 mins long) of beautiful album named 'Badshah Darvesh' consisting of several amazing shabads. It is sung by Bhai Daleep Singh Arshi; the producer is Babli Singh under the label Shemaroo. .....Read,    watch, listen & ponder...
Sikh Taxi driver's story on 9 News
Lakwinder Singh Dhillon.png Watch this video (1.60 mins) on YouTube of the a Sikh cabbie in Australia who has set an example of honesty after he returned 110,000 Australian dollars to passengers who had left the bundle of cash in his taxi. The incident happened in Melbourne recently (October 2013) when the cab driver Lakhwinder Singh Dhillon was doing his routine job of picking and dropping passenger .....Watch, listen, read & ponder...
Interesting articles
1onkar Deep Red.jpg The links below are to articles that have a Sikhi message presented in a new and interesting way. Please spent a few minutes reading some of these articles:
Sikhi on Youtube!
Threwhyguru.jpg On the 28th March 2012, a new YouTube channel was launched for the global Sikh community. Basics of Sikhi has released more than 40 videos focusing on spreading the wisdom of the Sikh Gurus. The main philosophy of the channel is to simply teach the basics wisdom of Guru in a way that avoids..... → read more

Ho gholee jeeo ghol ghumaaee
Dr Gurnam Singh sml.jpg This wonderful Shabad on page 96 of Guru Granth Sahib is by Guru Arjan Dev. It is beautifully sang by Dr Gurnam Singh. "Ho gholee jeeo ghol ghumaaee" means "My mind longs for the Blessed Vision of the Guru..." .....Listen, read & enjoy...
Rasna japti tuhi tuhi
Bibi Asees Kaur.jpg Watch this video (8.48 mins long) of a beautiful Shabad by Guru Arjan Dev in Raga Sarang sang by Bibi Asees Kaur, Bibi Deedar Kaur & jatha - "My tongue chants Your Name, just Your Name. In the mother's womb, You sustained me, and in this mortal world, You alone help me. (1)Pause." .....Read,    watch, listen & ponder...

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Q. Can Sikhs have tattoos?
FAQ-sml.jpg A. I don't believe there is anything directly written against or in favour of tattoos in the Sikh scriptures. Tattoos can be grouped with "extreme make-up" which the Guru calls "decorations" and I ask you.. .....More

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SikhiWiki articles contain many new images on Sikhism which help bring home the clear message of the Ten Sikh Gurus. You can view the most popular pages on Sikhi and the newest pages available. This version of SikhiWiki was started at 17:08 on 23 Feb 2005. It is a complete Sikh Encyclopedia with facilities for media in the form of pictures & photos; audio kirtan & video files; printed material; Gurbani; etc. 30/Please also see these other valuable free Sikhi sites: Sikh Encyclopedia, Encyclopaedia of Sikhism or Wikipedia. Other names that we could have used for this project are: Sikhipedia, Wikisikhi, Learn Sikhi, SikhWiki, Sikh encyclopaedia, Sikh Wiki, etc. 02:23. For further suggestions and recommendations, please email: gbsikh at gmail.com