Dhanasari

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(Dhanaasaree) This is an Indian musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short. Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune. In the SGGS, the Sikh holy Granth (book), there are a total of 31 raga compositions and this raga is the tenth raga to appear in the series. The composition in this raga appears on a total of 36 pages from page numbers 660 to 696 .

Raga Dhanasri appears in the Ragmala as a ragini of Malkaunsa and currently is a member of the Kafi thata. It closely resembles Bhimpalasi in the musical content but the vadis and moods are different. Dhanasri is performed in the early afternoon and presents a cheerful, happy mood. It provided the setting for hymns by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Amar Das Ji, Guru Ram Das Ji, Guru Arjan Dev Ji, Guru Tegh Bahadar Ji, Bhagat Kabir Ji, Bhagat Ravi Daas Ji, Bhagat Trilochan Ji, Bhagat Sain Ji, Bhagat Peepa Ji, and Bhagat Dhana Ji. These texts stress that person reaps what he sows. Only in the Lord may be found the riches that dispel fear and ignorance and thus cause people to realize their true selves.

The following represents the order of notes that can be used on the ascending and descending phase of the composition and the primary and secondary notes:

Section Punjabi English
Aroh: ਨ੝ ਸ ਗ੝ ਮ ਪ ਨ੝ ਸ Ni Sa Ga Ma Pa Ni Sa
Avroh: ਸ ਨ੝ ਧ ਪ ਮ ਪ ਗ੝ ਰ ਸ Sa Ni Dha Pa Ma Pa Ga Re Sa
Vadi: Sa
Samvadi: Pa

Pa is given a considerable emphasis and Ni and Pa receive sliding approaches, a characteristic of this raga. The pentatonic ascent provides some of the melodic features of this raga.

The only difference between Dhanasri and Bhimpalasi is that Bhimpalasi's Vadi and Samvadi are switched:

  • Vadi: ਪ/Pa
  • Samvadi: ਸ/Sa

Gurbani Keertan in Raag Dhanasari

See also

External links