Jaitsri

From SikhiWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

This is an India musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib or SGGS for short. Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune.

In the SGGS, the Sikh holy Granth (book) there are a total of 31 raga compositions and this raga is the eleventh raga to appear in the series. The composition in this raga appear on a total of 15 pages from page numbers 696 to 711.

Jaitsri does not appear in the Ragmala nor is it found in the modern literature on the subject. Bhatkhande gives Jait-Kalyan but this is not to be confused with the above. However, Jaitsri does appear in a 17th century classification, but not in later ones. Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur composed 30 hymns, a var and several slokas to this raga. Today Raga Jait is found under the Marva thata and is assigned to the evening hours. A mood of gentle quietness and mystery pervades this raga. The texts describe the meditative thoughts of a devotee who has surrendered himself to his Guru and Lord. Raga Jaitsri has two forms and the second includes some elements from Siri Raga and perhaps this is nearest the original Jaitsri.

Section Punjabi English
Aroh: ਸ ਗ ਮ’ ਪ ਨ ਸ Sa Ga Ma' Pa Ni Sa
Avroh: ਸ ਨ ਧ੝ ਪ ਮ’ ਗ ਰ੝ ਸ Sa Ni Dha Pa Ma' Ga Re Sa
Pakar: ਸ, ਗ ਪ ਮ' ਧ੝ ਪ ਮ' ਗ, ਮ' ਗ ਰ੝ ਸ Sa, Ga Pa Ma' Dha Pa Ma' Ga, Ma' Ga Re Sa
Vadi: Ga
Samvadi: Ni

Because of the two different ways of singing this raga, melodic patterns are not fixed.

Gurbani Keertan in Raag Jaitsri

See also

External links