Gujari

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Gujari is an India musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib or SGGS for short. Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune.

In the SGGS, the Sikh holy Granth (book) there are a total of 31 raga compositions and this raga is the fifth raga to appear in the series. The composition in this raga appear on a total of 38 pages from page numbers 489 to 527.

The name "Gujari" possibly refers to the city of Gujrat in the Punjab, the state of Gujarat or to the Gujars before they moved from their homelands in the Northwest through the Punjab into Gujarat.

This raga was in existence at the time of Raja Man Singh of Gwalior (1486-1517) who lived at a time of high musical achievement and referred to this raga in his writings about music. Gujari is rarely used as a concert raga today and little is known about its form. In modern times it has been supplanted by Gujari-Todi.

In the Ragmala, Gujari is listed as a ragini of Raga Dipak. Today Gujari-Todi belongs to the Todi thata. Gujari-Todi may be performed during any season of the year and is assigned to the early morning hours. It produces a mood of thoughtfulness that reaches deep into the heart. Texts set to this raga strip away all subterfuge and make man see himself as he is and search within for the truth.

While not one of the most frequently used ragas, Gujari was the setting for compositions by Guru Nanak, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, and Guru Arjan.

Section Punjabi English
Aroh: ਸ ਰ੝ ਗ੝ ਮ' ਧ੝ ਨ ਸ Sa Re Ga Ma' Dha Ni Sa
Avroh: ਸ ਨ ਧ੝ ਮ' ਗ੝ ਰ੝ ਸ Sa Ni Dha Ma' Ga Re Sa
Pakar: ਸ ਧ੝, ਮ', ਧ੝ ਨ ਸ, ਨ ਧ੝ ਮ' ਗ੝, ਰ੝, ਗ੝ ਰ੝ ਸ Sa Dha, Ma', Dha Ni Sa, Ni Dha Ma' Ga, Re, Ga Re Sa
Vadi: ਧ੝ Dha
Samvadi: ਰ੝ Re

Gurbani Keertan in Raag Gujri

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