Maru

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Raga Maru This is the twenty first Raga to appear in the Guru Granth Sahib.The first raga is Sri Raga and the last Raga is Jaijavanti.

It appears on pages 989 to 1107 and covers a total of 118 pages.


Maru is an old raga seldom heard in concerts today. Some theorists equate it with Maruva or 'Marva. In the Ragmala, Maru is a putra (son) of Malkaunsa. It is found in other classifications from the 14th to the early 19th century. Maru was used by Guru Nanak, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur for 144 hymns, two vars plus a large number of slokas. One of its variations is Maru Kafi. Maru is assigned to the hours of sunset and is considered suitable for the cold season. The mood is quiet and contemplative. The tonal material given here is for Maru Bihag, Bilaval thata.

Section Punjabi English
Aroh: ਸ ਗ ਮ ਪ ਨ ਸ Sa Ga Ma Pa Ni Sa
Avroh: ਸ ਨ੝ ਧ ਪ ਧ ਮ ਪ ਗ ਮ ਰ ਸ Sa Ni Dha Pa Dha Ma Pa Ga Ma Re Sa
Pakar: ਪ ਧ ਨ ਧ ਪ ਮ ਪ ਮ ਗ, ਪ ਧ ਪ ਗ ਰ, ਗ ਰ ਸ Pa Dha Ni Dha Pa Ma Pa Ma Ga, Pa Dha Pa Ga Re, Ga Re Sa
Vadi: Pa
Samvadi: Ni

Gurbani Keertan in Raag Maru

See also Raga, Kirtan, Sikh Kirtan, Taal


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