Maru

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Raga Maru This is the twenty first (21st) Raga or Chapter to appear in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee.The first raga or Chapter is Sri Raga and the last Raga or Chapter is Jaijavanti.

It appears on pages 989 to 1107 and covers a total of 118 pages. Below is the Map of Raga for easy reference

Ghar/ Sub Section# Guru Nanak Guru Amar Das Guru Ram Das Guru Arjun Dev Guru Teg Bahadur
Collection of 4 Shabads Count Count Count Count Count
Ghar 1 11 5 0 0 3
Ghar 2 0 0 2 9 0
Ghar 3 0 0 4 7 0
Ghar 4 0 0 0 7 0
Ghar 5 1 0 2 0 0
Ghar 6 0 0 0 7 0
Ghar 7 0 0 0 2 0
Collection of 8 Shabads (Ashtpadiyaan) Count Count Count Count Count
Ghar 1 8 0 0 0 0
Kafi Ghar 2 3 0 0 0 0
Ghar 3 0 0 0 3 0
Ghar 4 0 0 0 3 0
Ghar 5 0 1 0 0 0
Ghar 6 0 0 0 0 0
Ghar 7 0 0 0 0 0
Anjuliyaan Ghar 8 0 0 0 2 0
Collection of 16 Shabads (Solhe or Famously "Maru Solhe") Count Count Count Count Count
Solhe 12 24 2 14 0
Dakhni 10 0 0 0 0
Collection of Shabads greater than 16 Count Count Count Count Count
Vaar(Salok+Pauri) 0 22 0 23 0
Bhagataan dee Baani - mentioned in their sequence Count
Kabir Jee 9
Naamdev Jee 1
Kabir Jee 1
Jaidev Jee 1
Kabir Jee 1
Ravidas Jee 2

Maru is an old raga seldom heard in concerts today. Some theorists equate it with Maruva or 'Marva. In the Ragmala, Maru is a putra (son) of Malkaunsa. It is found in other classifications from the 14th to the early 19th century. Maru was used by Guru Nanak, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur for 144 hymns, two vars plus a large number of slokas. One of its variations is Maru Kafi. Maru is assigned to the hours of sunset and is considered suitable for the cold season. The mood is quiet and contemplative. The tonal material given here is for Maru Bihag, Bilaval thata.

Section Punjabi English
Aroh: ਸ ਗ ਮ ਪ ਨ ਸ Sa Ga Ma Pa Ni Sa
Avroh: ਸ ਨ੝ ਧ ਪ ਧ ਮ ਪ ਗ ਮ ਰ ਸ Sa Ni Dha Pa Dha Ma Pa Ga Ma Re Sa
Pakar: ਪ ਧ ਨ ਧ ਪ ਮ ਪ ਮ ਗ, ਪ ਧ ਪ ਗ ਰ, ਗ ਰ ਸ Pa Dha Ni Dha Pa Ma Pa Ma Ga, Pa Dha Pa Ga Re, Ga Re Sa
Vadi: Pa
Samvadi: Ni

Gurbani Keertan in Raag Maru

See also Raga, Kirtan, Sikh Kirtan, Taal, Ghar


External links