Bihar is located in the eastern part of India (between 83°-30' to 88°-00' longitude). It is an entirely land–locked state, although the outlet to the sea, through the port of Kolkata, is not far away. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect to climate, economy and culture. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle of the state from west to east.
Patna Sahib is situated in Patna, the capital of Bihar. It was here that Guru Gobind Singh ji, was born in 1666 and spent his early years before moving to Anandpur. Patna is further honored by Sikhs as both Guru Nanak and Guru Tegh Bahadur visited the city.
As, Guru Gobind Singh ji, the last living guru of the Sikhs was born in Patna, the city is the second of the four great thrones of the Sikhs. There is also a museum here which exhibits photos, holy scriptures, and the personal possessions of the Guru.
The Gurudwara Harimandir Sahib (The Golden Temple) located in Amritsar is the most sacred shrine of Sikhism.