How can I become pure
How can one become pure? This is a question that is posed by Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh faith in the first composition written by him written around 1500. On page 1, verse 9 of the Sikh scripture called the holy Guru Granth Sahib, he asks: "ਕਿਵ ਸਚਿਆਰਾ ਹੋਈਝ ਕਿਵ ਕੂੜੈ ਤਟੈ ਪਾਲਿ ॥ How can one become pure? How can the veil of impurity be torn away?" (SGGS p 1) And in the next verse the wise Guru gives the reply: "ਹਕਮਿ ਰਜਾਈ ਚਲਣਾ ਨਾਨਕ ਲਿਖਿਆ ਨਾਲਿ ॥੧॥ O Nanak, it is written that one must walk by the way of His Will. (1)" (SGGS p 1) Now, these two simply lines give us the foundation of the Guru's route to spiritual purity.
In our difficult modern times, many obstacles cross our daily lives making it a struggle to attain a peaceful and contended life. Many of us face multiple setback every week making it impossible to think about spiritual purity or the "higher human goals". Spiritual purity is mentioned in all revered religious scriptures of the world. All incarnations, saints and sages have declared purity to be of immense value in the human evolutionary process. Movement upwards in the cosmic order is impossible if one does not move away from impurity. The difficult question is - What is purity? Is it only of the body and mind, or there is more to it? Majority of the people consider purity as being limited to the physical, or at best, the mental level. Spiritual purity, or say purity of the soul, is either ignored or just not paid the attention it deserves. Not only this, a large number of people are not even aware of the essence of this purity. It is interesting to understand how the three are inter-related.
What is the "Way of Gurmat"
The person's internal transformation is only possible by understanding the "Way of His Will". So what is this Way and what is His Will? If one read the rest of this first shabad, one is told by the Guru that:
|ਸੋਚੈ ਸੋਚਿ ਨ ਹੋਵਈ ਜੇ ਸੋਚੀ ਲਖ ਵਾਰ ॥
ਚਪੈ ਚਪ ਨ ਹੋਵਈ ਜੇ ਲਾਇ ਰਹਾ ਲਿਵ ਤਾਰ ॥ ਭਖਿਆ ਭਖ ਨ ਉਤਰੀ ਜੇ ਬੰਨਾ ਪਰੀਆ ਭਾਰ ॥ ਸਹਸ ਸਿਆਣਪਾ ਲਖ ਹੋਹਿ ਤ ਇਕ ਨ ਚਲੈ ਨਾਲਿ ॥
|By thinking, He cannot be reduced to thought, even by thinking hundreds of thousands of times.
By remaining silent, inner silence is not obtained, even by remaining lovingly absorbed deep within. The hunger of the hungry is not appeased, even by piling up loads of worldly goods. Hundreds of thousands of clever tricks, but not even one of them will go along with you in the end.
The lines that precede the question tell us that we cannot attain an elevated spiritual position just by thinking, nor can God be realised by keeping silent; He certainly cannot be reached by staying hungry and finally He cannot be attained by clever tricks. The only way is by understanding "His will" or "His Hukam", "His Order or Command".
Hukam or "Divine Will"
Hukam: In Sikhism, this simple Punjabi word literally means "divine will". A Sikh accepts that everything in the Universe happens according to the Will of an all powerful God, who is referred to as Waheguru - "wondrous God" or Kartar - "Creator". It is by the command of Waheguru that we are born and we die. Without His command ".... even a leaf on the tree would not move" is a common saying in Punjabi.
|Japji Sahib Stanza 20
|ਨਾਨਕ ਹਕਮੀ ਆਵਹ ਜਾਹ ॥੨੦॥
|O Nanak, by the Hukam of God's Command, we come and go in reincarnation. ((20))
The whole of the Universe is subject to the Hukam of the Creator God. Nothing ever happens without the Will of Waheguru. This is accepted as one of the primary concepts of Sikhism. For the Sikh, the acceptance of His Hukam is a concept that needs to be learnt and understood.
What is God's Hukam?
What is God's Hukam? The Sikh Scriptures outline the ways in which one can bring their own thinking in line with the Hukam. Engaging in the service of God's creation is the best way of working in harmony with the "Divine Will". Further, by remembering Waheguru one becomes aware of "God's desires" and "Divine essence" within the person is realised. By following these "Divine Values" that benefit His Creation, one ends the cycle of Karma and Transmigration.
|ਹਕਮ ਪਛਾਣਿ ਤਾ ਖਸਮੈ ਮਿਲਣਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ਦੂਜਾ ॥
|Hukam pacẖẖĝṇ ṯĝ kẖasmai milṇĝ.
By submission to God's Hukam (Will), a sense of humility and self-negation is achieved – further one regards himself as an instrument of His Will. He realizes that whatever comes from Him is for his own good. Every misery that he faces is a sort of mercy. He is full of gratitude and prayer for all he has done. Those who have no regard for the Hukam, suffer in pain:
|ਹਕਮ ਨ ਜਾਣੈ ਬਹਤਾ ਰੋਵੈ ॥
|Hukam na jĝṇai bahuṯĝ rovai.
|One who does not know the Hukam of the Lord's Command cries out in terrible pain.
The only antidote for egoism and vanity is complete surrender to His Will. Only by conquering the self, can one enter the realm of God's Grace.
The realisation of "His Hukam" is an important aspect of one spiritual journey and an essential step to becoming a Gurmat - a person with the Guru's values and for moving away from Manmat - a self and ego driven person. To understand the Hukam, much care is required in inspecting ones surrounding and trying to understand the values of "Nature" - the God created world. Only by taking the stand of a "student of life" can one begin on this spiritual journey towards God!
|ਹਕਮੈ ਬੂਝੈ ਤਾਂ ਸਾਚਾ ਪਾਝ ॥੪॥
|Hukmai būjẖai ṯĝŉ sĝcẖĝ pĝ▫e. (4)
|Only by realising the Hukam of the Lord, can the True Lord be known. (4)