BARA MAH TUKHARI
This is an India musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib or SGGS for short. Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune.
In the SGGS, the Sikh holy Granth (book) there are a total of 31 raga compositions and this raga is the twenty-second raga to appear in the series. The composition in this raga appear on a total of 11 pages from page numbers 1107 to 1118.
Tukhari was probably based on a folk tune and was very likely developed by Guru Nanak into a raga for the singing of certain shabads. No raga of this name appears in the classifications of the period when shabads were being composed and the Holy Book compiled. A raga called Mukhari may be found in the classifications of Karnataka (South Indian) ragas during the period from the 15th to the l8th centuries. Tukhari was used by Guru Nanak, Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan. Guru Nanak's composition Bara Maha is set to this Raga. It appears to be a raga for the morning hours to be sung in winter. Its name Tukhari is the popular form of tushar (Sanskrit for winter frost). No melodic material for the Tukhari is available but, for the sake of comparison, the scale of Mukhari is given:
- Aroh: Ni Sa, Ga Ma Pa, Ni Sa
- Avroh: Sa Ni Dha Pa, Ni Dha Pa, M'a Ga Re Sa
- Pakar: Ni Ni Dha Pa, Ma Pa, Ma Ga, Re Sa
- Vadi: Pa
- Samvadi Sa
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