Chandi Charitar 2

From SikhiWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Sri Dasam Granth Sahib
(ਦਸਮ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ)

Dasam Granth.jpg

Banis
Jaap - Akal Ustat - Bachitar Natak - Chandi Charitar Ukat(i) Bilas - Chandi Charitar 2 - Chandi di Var - Gyan Parbodh - Chobis Avatar - Brahm Avtar - Rudar Avtar - Sabad Patshahi 10 - 33 Swaiyey - Khalsa Mahima - Shastar Nam Mala - Ath Pakhyan Charitar Likhyate - Zafarnama - Hikayats
Other Related Banis
Bhagauti Astotar - Ugardanti - Sri Kaal Chopai - Lakhi Jungle Khalsa - Asfotak Kabits - Sahansar Sukhmana - Vaar Malkauns Ki - Chandd Patshahi 10
History
Historical Sources - Memorials - Anti Dasam
Philosophical aspects
Idol Worship - Pilgrimages - Chandi - Triya - Shastar
Scholar Views
Singh Sabha Lahore - Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha - Professor Sahib Singh - Bhai Veer Singh - Jarnail Singh Bhindrawale -
Critics
Ram Raaiyas of Payal - Teja Singh Bhasod - Gyani Bhag Singh Ambala - Professor Darshan Singh

Chandi Charitar 2, a splendid narration by Guru Gobind Singh, right after Ukati Bilas, present in Sri Dasam Granth Sahib. This composition was written at Anandpur Sahib.

The most magnificent part of poetry is "Ath CHandi Charitar Ustat Barnan" section, where Guru Sahib have told various attributes of Chandi. He cleared that Chandi is not a Human(lady) or not some deity but it is formless and is will power(Shakti or Hukam) of Parbrahm.

Chapters

The composition contains 262 Shalokhas. It is made as part of Bachitar Natak Granth.

  • Chapter 1: ਇਤਿ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਬਚਿਤ੝ਰ ਨਾਟਕੇ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੝ਰੇ ਮਹਿਖਾਸ੝ਰ ਬਧਹ ਪ੝ਰਥਮ ਧਿਆਇ ਸੰਪੂਰਨਮ ਸਤ੝ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ੝ ॥੧॥
  • Chapter 2: ਇਤਿ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਬਚਿਤ੝ਰ ਨਾਟਕੇ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੝ਰੇ ਧੂਮ੝ਰਨੈਣ ਬਧਤ ਦ੝ਤੀਆ ਧਿਆਇ ਸੰਪੂਰਨਮ ਸਤ੝ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ੝ ॥੨॥
  • Chapter 3: ਇਤਿ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਬਚਿਤ੝ਰ ਨਾਟਕੇ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੝ਰੇ ਚੰਡ ਮ੝ੰਡ ਬਧਹ ਤ੝ਰਿਤੀਯੋ ਧਿਆਇ ਸੰਪੂਰਨਮ ਸਤ੝ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ੝ ॥੩॥
  • Chapter 4: ਇਤਿ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਬਚਿਤ੝ਰ ਨਾਟਕੇ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੝ਰੇ ਰਕਤ ਬੀਰਜ ਬਧਹ ਚਤ੝ਰਥ ਧਿਆਇ ਸੰਪੂਰਨਮ ਸਤ੝ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ੝ ॥੪ ॥
  • Chapter 5: ਇਤਿ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਬਚਿਤ੝ਰ ਨਾਟਕੇ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੝ਰੇ ਨਿਸ੝ੰਭ ਬਧਹ ਪੰਚਮੋ ਧਿਆਇ ਸੰਪੂਰਨਮ ਸਤ੝ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ੝ ॥੫ ॥
  • Chapter 6: ਇਤਿ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਬਚਿਤ੝ਰ ਨਾਟਕੇ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੝ਰੇ ਸ੝ੰਭ ਬਧਹ ਖਸਟਮੋ ਧਿਆਇ ਸੰਪੂਰਨਮ ਸਤ੝ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ੝ ॥੬॥
  • Chapter 7: ਇਤਿ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਬਚਿਤ੝ਰ ਨਾਟਕੇ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੝ਰੇ ਦੇਵੀ ਜੂ ਕੀ ਉਸਤਤਿ ਬਰਨਨੰ ਨਾਮ ਸਪਤਮੋ ਧਿਆਇ ਸੰਪੂਰਨਮ ਸਤ੝ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ੝ ॥੭॥
  • Chapter 8 : ਅਥ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੝ਰ ਉਸਤਤ ਬਰਨਨੰ ॥ਇਤਿ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਬਚਿਤ੝ਰ ਨਾਟਕੇ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੝ਰੇ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੝ਰ ਉਸਤਤਿ ਬਰਨਨੰ ਨਾਮ ਅਸਟਮੋ ਧਿਆਇ ਸੰਪੂਰਨਮ ਸਤ੝ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ੝ ॥੮॥

It is oftet claimed by some authors that it is translation of Devi Bhagwat, which is not at all true. There is difference between Based Composition and Translation. Translation where is converting from one language to another where Based Composition means to take plot and make their own style to explain it, which makes this composition an independent narration. Though Chandi Charitar Ukati Bilas do mentioned Markandeya Puran, as it is written in Guru Sahib's own style but based on characters of Markandeya Puran, but there is no mention of Devi Bhagwat in this narration. There are 12 Chapters of Devi Bhagwat but this narration only have eight chapters.

Attributes of Chandi Charitar Ustat Barnan

This section clears sikh viewpoint of Chandi and also against ritualistic practices. The following are attributes of Chandi defined in this section :

  • Parbrahmi : Feminine term for Parbrham, there is no sex of God.
  • Aroopan: Formless
  • Niroopan: Formless
  • Achedan: Can't be peneterated
  • Ajeyan: Can't be victor upon.
  • Guri: Feminine term for Guru.
  • Hari Si: alike Hari (God)
  • Ananti: Immortal
  • Shatruhanti: Killer of Evils
  • Bhavani: Former of Worls.
  • Chatur Bahi: Arm of Wisdom(Siyanap)
  • Bidiya: Wisdom
  • Nirankar: Formless
  • Nityan: Eternal

Read Ath Chandi Charitar Ustat Barnan here

External Links