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*Painting Copyright 2003 © Devender Singh

Vaisakh is a second month in the Nanakshahi calendar. This month coincides with April/May of the Western/Georgian/Julian Calendar and is when the crop is harvested in Punjab. This month begins on April 14 and end on May 15. On May 15 begins the third month of the Sikh calendar called Jeth. Vaisakhi is the most important festival in the Sikh calendar and it takes place on the first of the lunar month of Vaisakh, which falls this year on April 14. On this day the Khalsa was created and much celebration takes place worldwide in the form of Samagams, Nagar Kirtan, Gatka Exhibition, Akand Paaths, etc.

Also during this month, the second son of Guru Gobind Singh, Sahibzada Jujhar Singh was born on 9 April 1691. On the 18, the Sikhs celebrate the birthday of Guru Angad Dev, the second Sikh Guru and Guru Tegh Bahadur the ninth Sikh Guru.

On the 16 of this month Guru Angad and Guru Har Krishan took leave for their higher abode and passed the Guruship to Guru Amar Das and Guru Tegh Bahadur respectively.

Important Events during this month

April :

14 Vaisakhi = 1 Vaisakh = Birth of Khalsa

16 Joti Jot Guru Angad Dev Ji / 3 Vaisakh

16 Gur Gadi Guru Amar Das Ji

16 Joti Jot Guru Har Krishan Ji

16 Gur Gadi Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

18 Birth Guru Angad Dev Ji / 5 Vaisakh

18 Birth Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

May :

2 Birth Guru Arjan Dev Ji / 19 Vaisakh

15 = 1 Jeth

The Month of Vaisakh

from SGGS page 133/4

ਵੈਸਾਖਿ ਧੀਰਨਿ ਕਿਉ ਵਾਢੀਆ ਜਿਨਾ ਪ੝ਰੇਮ ਬਿਛੋਹ੝ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਸਾਜਨ੝ ਪ੝ਰਖ੝ ਵਿਸਾਰਿ ਕੈ ਲਗੀ ਮਾਇਆ ਧੋਹ੝ ॥ ਪ੝ਤ੝ਰ ਕਲਤ੝ਰ ਨ ਸੰਗਿ ਧਨਾ ਹਰਿ ਅਵਿਨਾਸੀ ਓਹ੝ ॥ ਪਲਚਿ ਪਲਚਿ ਸਗਲੀ ਮ੝ਈ ਝੂਠੈ ਧੰਧੈ ਮੋਹ੝ ॥ ਇਕਸ੝ ਹਰਿ ਕੇ ਨਾਮ ਬਿਨ੝ ਅਗੈ ਲਈਅਹਿ ਖੋਹਿ ॥ ਦਯ੝ ਵਿਸਾਰਿ ਵਿਗ੝ਚਣਾ ਪ੝ਰਭ ਬਿਨ੝ ਅਵਰ੝ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥ ਪ੝ਰੀਤਮ ਚਰਣੀ ਜੋ ਲਗੇ ਤਿਨ ਕੀ ਨਿਰਮਲ ਸੋਇ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਕੀ ਪ੝ਰਭ ਬੇਨਤੀ ਪ੝ਰਭ ਮਿਲਹ੝ ਪਰਾਪਤਿ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਵੈਸਾਖ੝ ਸ੝ਹਾਵਾ ਤਾਂ ਲਗੈ ਜਾ ਸੰਤ੝ ਭੇਟੈ ਹਰਿ ਸੋਇ ॥੩॥

vaisaakh dhheeran kio vaadteeaa jinaa praem bishhohu|| har saajan purakh visaar kai lagee maaeiaa dhhohu||
puthr kalathr n sa(n)g dhhanaa har avinaasee ouhu|| palach palach sagalee muee jhoot(h)ai dhha(n)dhhai mohu||
eikas har kae naam bin agai leeahi khohi|| dhay visaar viguchanaa prabh bin avar n koe||
preetham charanee jo lagae thin kee niramal soe|| naanak kee prabh baenathee prabh milahu paraapath hoe||
vaisaakh suhaavaa thaa(n) lagai jaa sa(n)th bhaettai har soe ||3||

In the month of Vaisaakh, how can the bride be patient? She is separated from her Beloved.
She has forgotten the Lord, her Life-companion, her Master; she has become attached to Maya, the deceitful one.
Neither son, nor spouse, nor wealth shall go along with you-only the Eternal Lord.
Entangled and enmeshed in the love of false occupations, the whole world is perishing.
Without the Naam, the Name of the One Lord, they lose their lives in the hereafter.
Forgetting the Merciful Lord, they are ruined. Without God, there is no other at all.
Pure is the reputation of those who are attached to the Feet of the Beloved Lord.
Nanak makes this prayer to God: ""Please, come and unite me with Yourself."" The month of Vaisaakh is beautiful and pleasant, when the Saint causes me to meet the Lord. ||3||
SGGS page 134


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  • April:


  • May:


These are the Twelve Months of the Nanakshahi Calendar
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Chet Vaisakh Jeth Harh Sawan Bhadon Assu Katak Maghar Poh Magh Phagun