Punjab or Panjab (etymologically the more accurate form) is derived from the medieval Persian language, in which it means "[land of] five rivers" (panj, "five"; ĝb, "water", cognate with Latin aqua, see OED, "Punjab"; Online Etymological Dictionary, "aqua-"). The original English pronunciation, reflecting the indigenous pronunciation, is [pʌndʒa˝b] (see OED); but there is also a common spelling pronounciation [pundʒa˝b]. Punjab in its various forms may refer to:
- Punjab region, an area of South Asia spanning from central Pakistan to north-western India
- Panjab District, Afghanistan
- Panjab, Afghanistan, capital of Panjab District
In former countries, states and provinces:
- Sikh Empire (authoritative)/Punjab Empire (geographic), a former religious monarchy in the region.
- Punjab (British India), a former province of British India.
- Punjab Hill States Agency, an administrative unit of British India
- Punjab States Agency, an administrative unit of British India
- Patiala and East Punjab States Union, a former state of India
- East Punjab, the part of the Punjab which became part of India
- West Punjab, the part of the Punjab which became part of Pakistan
- Punjab lasso, a weapon made of cat gut used to strangle people, mentioned in Gaston Leroux's novel The Phantom of the Opera
- Punjab, a character in the Little Orphan Annie comic strip, and the musical Annie
- Punjabi language
- See Wikipedia article on Punjab for more information