Sikh History June

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June 1

1748: 10,000 Sikhs were massacared in the Small Holocaust..

1813: Maharaja Ranjit Singh obtained Kohinoor from Shahsuja Amir of Kabul.

1920: "The Akali," a daily Punjabi newspaper, started publication.

1924: 7th Akali Shaheedi Jatha of 500 GurSikhs started their march from Takhat Sri Kaesgadh Sahib, Anandpur Sahib to Jaito, under the leadership of Sardar Pratap Singh Khurdpuri.

1940: Allihgadh Prachar Conference was held. 25,000 Amritdhari GurSikhs attended.

1973: Akali Dal launched the Karnal agitation for civil liberties.

1984: Indian forces initiated their first day of assault on the Golden Temple complex.

June 2

1818: The province of Multan was annexed into the Sikh State.

June 3

1947: Mountbatten announced the division of the Punjab.

1984: GurSikhs courting arrest under Dharam Ud Morcha numbered over 235,000.

1984: Sri Darbar Sahib was invaded by Indian Armed Forces. The Indian Government imposed 36 hrs. of curfew beginning at 9pm and handed over the Punjab to its Armed Forces.

June 4

1606: Guru Hargobind arrived in Daroli village near Moga, Ferozepur.

1904: Bhagat Puran Singh, born at Rajewal, Distt. Ludhiana on June 4 1904., at the house of Chaudhari Chibu Mal and Mehtab Kaur

1984: Sri Darbar Sahib, Amritsar along with more than 120 other shrines were under continous attack by the Indian Armed Forces.

June 5

1984: A fierce battle in the Golden Temple Complex continued as the Sri Akal Takhat was attacked with heavy artillery and tanks.

1999: In a major crackdown, the police here today took Mr Simranjit Singh Mann, President Shiromani Akali Dal (Amritsar), Dal Khalsa Secretary-General Kanwarpal Singh and certain other leaders into custody on the even of 15th anniversary of Operation Blue Star which falls on June 6.

June 6

1628: Guru Hargobind Sahib's first battle was fought against the Mughal Army.

1663: Janam Diwas, Bhai Mohkam Singh, one of the first five GurSikhs to be initiated into the Khalsa Order.

1711: Khalsa Dal, under Banda Singh Bahadhur, defeated Bahadhur Shah.

1984: Indian Army's final assault on Sri Darbar Sahib and the Akal Takhat was begun. Additionally, 37 other Gurdwaras were attacked.

June 7

1864: Maharaja Dalip Singh married Miss Bamba in Alexandria, Egypt.

1984: The Sikh Reference Library was destroyed.

1984: GurSikhs from rural Punjab marched to defend Sri Darbar Sahib despite the heavy presence of armed forces.

1984: The Sikh soldier rebellion began. Several Sikh soldiers were killed and thousands were arrested.

1999: The disillusioned family of the late Maj Parkash Singh returned the Order of the Khalsa to the Deputy Commissioner in protest against the alleged role of the police and the Deputy Commissioner in instigating a violent mob led by a Bahujan Samaj Party leader to grab the land owned by the martyr. Ironically, the land was given to the family for the bravery shown by the late Major.

June 8

1707: Battle of Jajau - The succession battle for the Delhi throne was fought among Aurangzeb's sons, Tara Azam and Bahadur Shah. Guru Gobind Singh helped Bahadhur Shah in this battle.

1956: Gian Singh Rarewala announced his intention to join Congress.

1981: A secret meeting of the Akali Dal was held where strong opinions were expressed for Khalistan.

1984: Operation Woodrase was started. Sikh youth from villages were picked up and eliminated. This led to deaths of hundreds of Sikhs and the arrest of thousands of Sikhs.

1984: Giani Zail Singh, President of India, visited Darbar Sahib after the Indian Army's assault there.

1984: Sardar Khushwant Singh returned his "Padam Sri" in protest of the Indian Army's attack on Darbar Sahib.

June 9

1716: Baba Banda Singh Bahadhur and select Sikhs were tortured to death under orders of Badshah Pharukhushiar.

1946: The Punjab Board was established.

1946: Sikhs rejected Cabinet Mission proposals.

1949: Hindu members of the Punjab University opposed Punjabi as a medium of instruction.

June 10

1842: Maharani Chand Kaur was assassinated.

1896: Attar Singh Bhadaur passed away.

1957: Bhai Vir Singh passed away.

1974: Giani Kartar Singh, an Akali leader died at Patiala.

1978: Nirankari Gurbachan Singh was declared an apostate by the Akal Takhat.

1985: Harjinder Singh and Sukhdev Singh Sukha killed General Vaidya, who had led the invasion of Sri Darbar Sahib on June 4, 1984.

June 11

1982: Kulwant Singh Nagoke was killed in a fake encounter.

1982: 15 Beedhs of Sri Guru Granth Sahib were burned at the village of Makha.

1984: Dal Khalsa announced its "Government in Exile."

1984: Dawinder Singh Garcha, a Congress member for Ludhiana, resigned his position in protest of the attack on Sri Darbar Sahib.

June 12

1958: Jathaedar Pritam Singh Gojran demanded the formation of a sovereign Sikh State.

1960: The Sikh procession in connection with the Punjabi Suba agitation was fired upon at Kelhi. Sardar Harbans Singh and three others accepted shahadat.

1984: Sikh soldier riots continued.

1984: Firing could be clearly heard in the broadcast of Hukam from Sri Darbar Sahib.

June 13

1647: Janam Din, Pir Budhu Shah.

1886: Khalsa Akhbar newspaper in Gurmukhi started publication in Lahore.

1984: Dr. Jagjit Singh Chauhan announced a government in exile.

June 14

1539: GURU GADDI, Patshahi Second, Guru Angad Dev Ji. This is the actual date that Guru Sahib became Guru.

1698: Janam Utsav, Sahibjada Baba Fateh Singh Ji.

1870: First killings by the Kukas took place.

1923: Kar-Sewa of Amritsar Sarowar was performed for the second time.

1964: Quisling Partap Singh Kairon resigned as Punjab Chief Minister.

1984: Historian Ganda Singh returned his "Padam Shri" in protest for the attack on Sri Darbar Sahib.

1984: Badal and Barnala were moved from Chandigarh jail to Panchmadhiin Madya Pradesh.

June 15

1606: The foundation stone of Sri Akal Takhat was laid by Sri Guru Har Gobind Sahib Ji.

1984: Akali Dal Youth Wing Presedent, Prof. Prem Singh ChandMajra, was arrested under the National Security Act.

1984: Buya Singh replaced Chaudhary Subai Singh As SSP of Amritsar.

1984: Ram Jaeth Malani, an eminent lawyer, resigned his position in the Janta Party to challenge the arrest of Sikh leaders in India's Supreme Court.

June 16

1606: Martyrdom of their fifth Guru, Guru Arjan Dev. Actual date is May 30, 1606 but it is observed on June 16. On May 30, 1606 the Guru asked for a bath in the river Ravi by the side of the Mughal fort. Thousands of followers watched the Guru who could barely walk make his way to the river with tears in their eyes. His bare body was covered with blisters, Guru Arjan Dev repeated over and over; "Sweet is Your will, O God; the gift of your Name alone I seek." The Guru then calmly walked into the river bank, bidding his farewell to his followers and was gone forever, his body carried away by the currents. This act of brutality in ending such a saintly life with such cruelty was to forever change the course of Sikhism.

1984: Sakhu Singh Hamdard, editor of the daily newspaper "Ajit", returned his "Padam Shri' in protest of the attack on Sri Darbar Sahib.

1984: Villagers were fined for breaking the river banks of the main Ghakada river near Roper in protest of the attack of Sri Darbar Sahib.

June 17

1662: Bhai Sahib Singh Ji, one of the first five initiated into the Khalsa order, was born. Bhai Sahib Singh Ji, one of the first five to be initiated into the Khalsa order, was born at Bidar (Karnatak Sate) to father Chaman and Mata Sonna Bhai. He was baptised by Guru Gobind Singh on the day of Khalsa's creation. After five years in 1704, he was killed in the battle of Chamkaur. He had participated in several battles prior to his baptism. Particularly, his active role in the battle of Bhangani in 1689 is described by Guru Gobind Singh Ji in the eighth Adhiayae of Bachiter Natak.

1923: Kar Sewa of Sri Amritsar sarowar was initiated by Panj Payara. The Kar-Sewa of the scared tank at Amritsar was performed for the second time. The Panj payaras removed the first Kar with golden spades and silver buckets. Subsequently, the saewadars (including rich, poor, Hindu, Muslim, and Sikhs) carried out the kar sewa with humilty and devotion. KAR SEWA: "Kar" refers to the debris found at the bottom of water tanks, pools, and wells. The Kar from Amritsar Sarowar is regularly removed every 50 years. Please note that an irregular "Kar Sewa" was conducted in 1984, by the government of India, as part of their mop-up operations to cover the brutalities of Operation Bluestar.

1923: Jathedar Talwinder Singh was arrested by German Police on the information given by traitor Satnam Singh.

1983: Railroad stoppage morcha was initiated.

1984: Sikhs observed "Prayer Day" to protest the attack on Sri Darbar Sahib. Sikhs observed "Ardas Diwas (prayer day)" to protest against the Indian Army's attack on Sri darbar Sahib. On this day congregations were held in Gurudwaras, Shaheeds were uligized, Sikhs men wore black turbans while Sikh women used black dupatas. All Sikh houses went without lighting any cooking. Baba Harbans Singh Ji from Delhi given the responsibilities for reconstruction of Sri Akal Takhat. However, he request Singh Sahiban to bestow this responsibility upon Baba khadak Singh.

1984: Supreme Sikh Council decided to demolish the damaged Akal Takhat and to allocate the KarSewa for its rebuilding to Sant Harbans Singh. This meeting of the Five Head Priests was held in the damaged Darshani Deori of the Darbar Sahib complex. Buta Singh and Tarlochan Singh were also present at this meeting. To normalize the situation, about 14 essential conditions were given in writing. Baba Karak Singh gave his assent to this note.

June 18

1926: The first elections were held to the "Central Board" under the Gurdwara Act.

1996: Indian Prime Minister, H.D. Deve Gowda, said a decision to send the army into the holiest of Sikh shrines in 1984 to flush out armed guerrillas was an "unfortunate event." But he stopped short of offering a formal apology which Sikh leaders have been demanding for more than a decade from the government over the army action in which thousands of innocent people were killed. In the 1984 action called Operation Bluestar, the army stormed the Golden Temple under the pretence of driving out armed militants who had occupied the shrine as part of their fight for an independent state, called Khalistan. Sikh leaders have demanded an apology for the operation from successive governments in New Delhi.

June 19

1595: PRAKASH UTSAV (Birth), Patshahi Sixth, Guru Hargobind Ji, was born at village Guru Ki Wadali (district Amritsar) on Harh Vadi 7th (21 Harh), Samvat 1652 (19th June, 1595), the only son of Mata Ganga Ji and Guru Arjan Dev Sahib. This is the actual date of Guru Sahib's birth.

1640: Guru Har Rai was married to Mata Krishen Kaur, daughter of Baba Daya Ram, of Bulsand-shair. Guru Sahib was 10 years of age at the time of his marriage. Two sons were born from this marriage, Ram Rai born in 1646 when Guru Sahib was sixteen years old and Har Krishan born in 1656, when Guru Sahib was twenty six years old.

1665: Baba Gurditta laid the foundation of Nanaki Chak town.

1757: Diyal Singh and Lehna Singh were killed by Jahan Khan.

1919: Five Ghadri Babas were hanged to death. They were: Utam Singh Hans, Eshwar Singh Chudikae, Rush Singh Talwandi, Bir Singh Bahowal, and Ganga Singh Khuradpur. GHADAR PARTY, a revolutionary group, founded in United States of America (USA) for the independence of India. Its members were Indian residents, primarily Sikhs, settled in USA. Their prime objective was to actively cause rebellion among members of the British forces, thereby forcing the fall of the British empire and hasten their departure from India.

1924: 6th Shahidi Jatha of 500 Akalis, led by Sant Prem Singh Ji Kokari, courted arrest upon reaching Jaito.

1925: SGPC received legislative sanction.

1984: General Vadiya visited Sri Darbar Sahib after Operation Bluestar.

1984: Mr. Buta Singh announced the Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi's acceptance of conditions for a settlement. These conditions were given in writing by the Singh Sahibans on June 17, 1984. As Indira Gandhi was to visit Darbar Sahib on June 20, Buta Singh made the announcement in a hurriedly called press conference at the residence of Bua Singh, SSP, Amritsar. The Army Generals and Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar were also present. However, immediately after the announcement and return of Buta Singh to Delhi, Indira Gandhi did a volte-face and admonished him for making the announcement.

1994: Foundation stone laid for Nanakana Sahib Foundation was laid down by Hon. Rai Bashir Ahmad Khan Bhatti, Member National Assembly Pakistan and Chairman, Education Standing Committee, Government of Pakistan, at Nanankana Sahib. Mr. Bhatti is the oldest living descendent of Chowdhary Rai Bular Bhatti.

June 20

1670: Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was arrested in Delhi.

1923: Babu Santa Singh arrested at Tapa Railway Station.

1972: 20 GurSikhs were killed in Gurdwara Sadabarat.

1977 Parkash Singh Badal became the Chief Minister of the Punjab.

1984: Sardar Harinder Singh Khalsa resigned his position at the Indian Embassy in Norway in protest of the attack on Sri Darbar Sahib. He then sought assylum for himself and his family.

1984: Major General R.K. Ghoad, announced 4 officer, and 4 JOC, and 92 soliers killed while 287 injured during the bluestar operation. Later Rajiv Gandhi, while addressing a Congress gathering in Nagpur, announced 700 soliers killed and 2400 Sikhs arrested. The actual count as per eye witnesses in thousands.

June 21

1661: Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji visited Banaras.

1936: Anup Singh of Manko was murdered.

1984: Panj Payaras successfully pressured the Indian Government to open all Gurdwaras (except Sri Harimandir Sahib) for public visits.

June 22

1713: Sikhs fought a fierce battle with the ruling forces at Sadhaura. After four months of siege, Banda Bahadhur escaped into the Himalayas. .

1984: Panj Payaras excummunicated Baba Sant Singh Ji, the main leader of Badha Dal, for cooperateing with the government in its forced "kar sewa" under curfew.

June 23

1982: Sikh shops burned in Patiala.

1984: Indira Gandhi, then Prime Minsiter of India, vists Darbar Sahib after operation Bluestar. All Singh Sahibans were present but boycotted this visit. No saroopa was given as a protest and exhibition of Sikh anger.

June 24

1885: Master Tara Singh was born on 24 June, 1885,(1881 is sometimes used?) in Haryal in Rawalpindi district of North Western Province of undivided India. His mother, Moolan Devi, was a pious lady and his father, Bakshi Gopi Chand, was a patwari of the village and was a well known and respected person. Tara Singh's original name was Nanak Chand. In 1902 Nanak Chand embraced Sikhism and came to be called Tara Singh. Tara Singh had a bright educational career and was a scholarship holder almost at all stages of his education. In 1907 he passed his B. A. examination from Khalsa College, Amritsar. Later Tara Singh joined as headmaster of Khalsa High School, Lyallpur, at an honorarium of Rs. 15 per month. Since then he came to be known as Master Tara Singh. His career as a teacher ended in 1921, following the Nankana tragedy.

He also edited two Akali newspapers, Akali (Udru) and Akali te Pardesi (Grumukhi) in which he forcefully put forward the aims and objectives of the Akali Dal.

He took an active part in national politics till his death on 22 November 1967.

-Ref. "Master Tara Singh, by Verinder Grover, Deep & Deep Publications Delhi, 1995.

1962: Punjabi University was established.

1999: Balbir Singh Bains was abducted from the premises of the Indira Gandhi International Airport.

June 25

1700: Sikhs forces defeated the combined forces of the Hill Rajas and Imperial troops. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's' forces routed the 10,000 combined forces of Hill chiefs and the imperial troops. It was from the Baisakhiof 1699 that the hill chiefs became thirsty for Guru Gobind Singh's blood and resolved to destroy the Sikh Panth which they considered inimical to varnashram dharam. They resolved to try all venues suggested to them by Kautilya's statecraft: weakening the movement from within; instigating people of other faiths against it; and involving it straight away in an armed struggle with the forces of the state to retard its momentum, if not destroy it. This was the first battel of Anandpur Sahib.

1889: Maharaja Dalip Singh sent a message from Geneva to initiate uprising against the British Government..

1924: 9th Shahidi Jatha of 500 Akalis, led by Sardar Kaesar Singh of Vidang, courted arrest upon reaching Jaito.

1944: The Simla Conference was held to decide the future of British India.

1975: Indira Gankhi imposed Internal Emergency on the whole of India.

June 26

1838: Maharaja Ranjit Singh signed a tri-party agreement with the British and Shah Sujaul.

1839: Maharaja Ranjit Singh suffered another stroke.

1984: Baba Nihal Singh Hariawalae was arrested.

1984: Panj Payaras demanded from the President, Prime Minister and the Governor of Punjab to give control of "kar sewa" to the SGPC.

June 27

1745: Bhai Taru Singh's scalp was removed by orders of Nawab Zakaria Khan. Nawab Zakaria Khan's orders were carried out and Bhai Taru's scalp was removed. On Harbhagat Naranjania's complaint, Bhai Taru Singh of his village was arrested and accused of providing rations to the Sikhs. Bhai Taru Singh admitted the facts. Nawab Zakaria Khan ordered the removal of his scalp. Bhai Taru Singh said that the Governor would suffer as much torture. And Bhai Taru would take Zakaria Khan along with him to the other world. Upon carrying out Nawab's orders, Zakaria Khan's urinary system stopped functioninh, puttiung him in great pain. The Qazi addressed Bhai Taru Singh "Oh Kafir, what have you done? The Nawab can't urinate. He is in great pain." Bhai Taru Singh told him to take his shoe and beat it on Zakaria's head to make him urinate. On the fifth day of shoe beating, Zakaria Khan died on July 1, 1745. on hearing of that the same day Bhai Taru Singh left his mortal remains.

1839: Maharaja Ranjit Singh passed away in Lahore. Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the great ruler of Punjab for 40 years, breathed his last at 7 P.M. on this day and thus the most brilliant period of Sikh history came to a close. In 1799, Maharaja Ranjit Singh conquered Lahore. Further the neighboring, including greater punjab, Kashmir, Multan, Kangdha, and Attock were brought under Khalsa Raaj. During his reign everyone, including hindus and muslims lived happily and no one dare set their sights on khalsa Raj. On this day the Khalsa lost a leader who had by his commanding personality, foresight and skill secured the Sikhs, the status of a sovereign people. Thus creating a huge void. After the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the stability of the Sikh political system took a nose dive. The three major reasons for the same have been, the ever tightening noose of British power and influence round the kingdom of Lahore Darbar, the contending rival parties and the incapacity of the successors. The Government of Panjab degenerated into a chaotic condition. The real power went in the hands of incompetent nominal rulers, ditching the army and the State, to somehow maintain what little power or authority they could hold on. It has been, a day in and day out, an endless decade of dirtiest intrigues and murders in which the lions' share was usurped by clever British Government and crafly Dogra Gulab Singh, on the dismemberment of the once mighty Sikh State, to whom one was a proclaimed friend and the other a privileged servant.

1940 S.G.M. Beaty was shot dead by the Babbar Akalis of Malwa at Chatha Sekhwan.

1972 Bhai Sahib Harbhajan Singh Yogi ordains the first women ever established as ministers of the Sikh Dharma.

1984 Deputy Commissioner Amritsar, criticised the false rumours - naked girls, heroin, drugs, alcohol, tobacco found in Darbar Sahib.

June 28

1984: Ujagar Singh and Atma Singh, acting Presidents of the Akali Dal and SGPC, were arrested to sabotage the Akali Dal meeting announced for June 29, 1984.

1996: Kamaljit Singh Sandhu's body found in a canal. He was one of the seven convicts in the hijacking of an Indian Airlines Boeing on August 23, 1984.

June 29

1924: 7th and 8th Sahidhi Jathas of 500 Akali Satyagrahies each, under the leadership of Karmveer Sardar Prtap Singh of Kuradpur (Jallandar) and Sardar Man Singh Hunboo (Shakhupuraa) respectively, courted arrests upon reaching Jaito.

1984: The Akali Dal met for the first time since Operation Bluestar.

1984: K.P.S. Gill became the new Director General of Police in the Punjab.

June 30

1813: Raja Karam Singh became Maharaja of Patiala. Raja Karam succeded Maharaja Sahib Singh at the age of 15. He helped the British in the conflict with the Gorkhas and was rewarded with 16 parganas (district sub-divisions) in Simla Hills as gifts.

1984: The Indian Government presented its inquiry finding into the Operation Bluestar in the form of a White Paper.

1989: Babbar Khalsa International Conference, Montreal. Babbar Khalsa organization in Canada held its first conference in Montreal to commemorate the Sikh martyrs who laid their lives for the cause of the Sikh nation. The devout Babbars urged Sikhs to observe memories of their courage annually. About 500 Sikhs attended the conference.