Bhai Sahib Singh

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Bhai Sahib Singh, one of the Panj Piare ( Five Beloved) of revered memory in the Sikh tradition, was born the son of Bhai Tirath Chand, a barber of Bidar in Karnataka, and his wife Mata Devi Bai. Bidar had been visited by Guru Nanak early in the sixteenth century and a Sikh shrine had been established there in his honour. Sahib Chand, as Sahib Singh was called before he underwent the rites of the Khalsa, travelled to Anandpur at the young age of 16, and attached himself permanently to Guru Gobind Singh.

  • Original Name: Bhai Sahib Chand
  • Became Bhai Sahib Singh on taking Amrit
  • Barber , born in Bidar (Karnataka, India) on 1662
  • Father name: Bhai Tirath Chand Jee
  • Mother name: Mata Devi Bai Jee
  • Akal Chalana: Attained Shayeedie at Chamkaur Sahib on 1705
  • At the time of creation of Khalsa, Bhai Sahib ji was 37 years old
  • On 7 December 1705 in the battle of Chamkaur, Bhai Sahib Singh with Bhai Himmat Singh and Bhai Mukham Singh died.

He won a name for himself as marksman and in one of the battles at Anandpur he shot dead the Gujjar chief Jamatulla. In another action the raja of Hindur, Bhup Chand, was seriously wounded by a shot from his musket following which the entire hill army fled the field. Sahib Singh was one of the five Sikhs who, on the Baisakhi day of 30 March 1699, offered, upon Guru Gobind Singh's call to lay down their heads. They were greeted by the Guru as the five beloved of him. These five formed the nucleus of the Khalsa, the Guru's own, inaugurated dramatically that day. Sahib Chand, after undergoing the rites of the Khalsa, became Sahib Singh, receiving the surname of Singh common to all members of the Khalsa brotherhood.

Bhai Sahib Singh fell in the battle of Chamkaur on 7 December 1705 with Bhai Himmat Singh and Bhai Mukham Singh.

Excerpts taken from Encyclopedia of Sikhism, by Harbans Singh. Published by Punjabi University, Patiala

See also


  • 1. Santokh Sirigh, Bhai, Sn Gur Pratap Sura/` Granth. Amritsar, 1926-37
  • 2. Kuir Sirigh, Gurbilas Patshahi 10. Patiala, 1968
  • 3. Chhibbar, Kesar Sirigh, Bansava/inama Dasari Patshahian Ka. Chandigarh, 1972
  • 4. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909
  • 5. Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, vol. I. Princeton, 1963
  • 6. Harbans Singh, Guru Gobind Singh. Chandigarh, 1966