Vadahans

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This is an Indian musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short. Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune.

In the SGGS, the Sikh holy Granth (book), there are a total of 60 raga compositions and this raga is the twenty third raga to appear in the series. The composition in this raga appears on a total of 38 pages from page numbers 557 to 595.

Little has been written about this rare raga. It is not in the Ragmala, and today it is ascribed to the Kafi thata. Fifty-three shabads plus numerous slokas are composed to this raga by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Amar Das Ji, Guru Ram Das Ji, and Guru Arjan Dev Ji. Vadahans is considered suitable for the cold season and is assigned to the afternoon hours. Its mood is quiet and tender. Texts set to the raga explain how the Guru alone can lead one to the Lord. Without the Lord, one is like a woman without the love of her spouse.

Raag Vadhans (ਵਡਹੰਸੁ) – Vadhans is based on Punjabi Folk music and is set in the tradition of ‘Ghoreea’, ‘Suhag’ and ‘Alohnian’. The feelings instilled by this Raag can be compared to those of a bride on the day of her wedding; she is happy and sad. Although she is going to her groom, who fills her with hope and joy, she is also sad to be leaving her family.

Section Punjabi English
Aroh: ਸ ਰ ਮ ਪ ਧ ਨ੝ ਪ ਨ ਸ Sa Re Ma Pa Dha Ni Pa Ni Sa
Avroh: ਸ ਨ੝ ਪ ਧ ਮ ਗ ਰ ਸ ਨ ਸ Sa Ni Pa Dha Ma Ga Re Sa Ni Sa
Vadi: Re
Samvadi: Pa

Gurbani Keertan in Raag Vadhans


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