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Raga Maajh

This is the seventh Raga to appear in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. The sixth raga is Sri Raga and the ninth Raga is Gauri.

Raag Majh (ਮਾਝ) – Raag Majh was composed by the Fifth Sikh Guru (Shri Guru Arjun Dev ji). The Raag’s origins are based in Punjabi Folk Music and its essence was inspired by the Majha regions traditions of ‘Ausian’; the game of waiting and yearning for the return of a loved one. The feelings evoked by this Raag have often been compared to that of a mother waiting for her child to return after a long period of separation. She has an anticipation and hope for the child’s return, although at the same moment she is painfully aware of the uncertainty of their return home. This Raag brings to life the emotion of extreme love and this is highlighted by the sorrow and anguish of separation.

It appears on pages 94 to 151 and covers a total of 57 pages.

This raga is attributed to Guru Nanak Dev Ji, who developed this Raag from a Punjabi folk tune. It does not appear in the Ragmala nor does it seem to be a classical raga today. Possibly, it has been reserved purely for Gurbani Kirtan. Maajh or Majh was the setting for compositions by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Angad Dev Ji, Guru Amar Das Ji, Guru Ram Das Ji, and Guru Arjan Dev Ji. This is a regional raga of Manjha- the central portion of the Punjab-and is sung in the afternoon. Here, Guru Nanak Dev Ji has given an account of social, cultural, and religion conflict between the Hindus and the Muslims in his age. Guru Arjan Dev Ji has composed the calendar - Barah Maha - in this raga. He has dwelt on the characteristics of different months, and the importance of water and milk in the agricultural economy of Punjab. Metaphorically, these two things respectively signify that a person without devotion and kindness is no good at all.

Section Punjabi English
Aroh: ਸ ਰ ਮ ਪ ਨ ਸ Sa Re Ma Pa Ni Sa
Avroh: ਸ ਨ੝ ਧ ਪ ਧ ਮ ਗ ਮ ਰ ਪ, ਗ੝ ਰ ਗ੝ ਸ ਰ ਨ ਸ Sa Ni Dha Pa Dha Ma Ga Ma Re Pa, Ga Re Ga Sa Re Ni Sa
Vadi: Ma
Samvadi: Sa

Gurbani Keertan in Raag Maajh

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