Dr. Muhammad Iqbal
Sir Muhammad Iqbal (Punjab: ਡਾ. ਮਹਮਦ ਇਕਬਾਲ Urdu: محمد اقبال) (November 9, 1877 – April 21, 1938), commonly referred to as Allama Iqbal, was a famous poet and philosopher born in Sialkot, then in the Punjab Province of British India, which is now in Pakistan. Iqbal, who wrote poetry in the Urdu and Persian languages, is considered to be one of the greatest icons in modern era all around the world.
Dr. Muhammad Iqbal on Sikhi and Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Dr. Muhammad Iqbal wrote on the coming of Guru Nanak Dev Ji in one of his famous poems:
Butkada phir bad muddat ke magar raushan hua
Noor-i-Ibrahim se Azar ka ghar raushan hua!
ਫਿਰ ਉਠੀ ਆਖਿਰ ਸਦਾ ਤੌਹੀਦ ਕੀ ਪੰਜਾਬ ਸੇ।
Phir uthi akhir sada tauhid ki Punjab se
ਹਿੰਦ ਕੋ ਇਕ ਮਰਦੇ-ਝ-ਕਾਮਿਲ ਨੇ ਜਗਾਯਾ ਖਵਾਬ ਸੇ
Hind ko ik mard-i-kamil ne jagaye khwab se!
Once again, after an age, the temple became radiant;
Azar's house shone with glory of Abraham once again,
the call for God's unity arose from Punjab From its soundest slumber Hind was awakened by a perfect man."
Views on the Indian State
Although Dr. Iqbal had passed away before the creation of the Indian state, he had a great influence on the Indian state. In his katha post-1984 situation, Giani Sant Singh Maskeen mentions Iqbal and his poems. It was Dr. Iqbal who had written the famous poem:
ਸਾਰੇ ਜਹਾਂ ਸੇ ਅੱਛਾ ਹਿੰਦਸਤਾਨ ਹਮਾਰਾ
Giani Sant Singh Maskeen explains that it was the same Muhammad Iqbal who later wrote:
ਮੱਦਤੇੰ ਗ਼ਜ਼ਰੀ ਹੈ ਇਤਨੀ ਰੰਜੋ ਗ਼ਮ ਸਹਿਤੇ ਹਝ
ਸ਼ਰਮ ਸੀ ਆਤੀ ਹੈ ਇਸ ਵਤਨ ਕੋ ਵਤਨ ਕਹਿਤੇ ਹਝ।
Mudate Guzri Hai Itni , Ranj-jo Gham Sehte Hue
Sharam Si Aati Hai Iss Watan Ko Watan Kehte Hue