Difference between revisions of "Mina (Sikhism)"

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(Created page with "'''Minas'''(ਮੀਣੇ) is title given to Baba Prithi Chand, elder sons of Guru Ram Das; and his followers.<ref>Page 145, The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, H. S. Singha</ref>...")
 
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'''Minas'''(ਮੀਣੇ) is title given to Baba Prithi Chand, elder sons of [[Guru Ram Das]]; and his followers.<ref>Page 145, The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, H. S. Singha</ref> Mina emerged as major sect which ran in parallel to 6th Sikh Guru and had their own Guru lineage unto 3 successions after Guru Arjan Dev.<ref>Page 170, The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech</ref> The sect was excommunicated from mainstream Sikh community.
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'''Mina''' (ਮੀਣੇ) is a title that was given to Baba Prithi Chand (the elder son of the fourth Sikh [[Guru Ram Das]] ji) and his followers, after Guru [[Ram Das]] ji had appointed his younger son, Guru[[Arjan Dev]] ji as the next Guru of Sikhs. <ref>Page 145, The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, H. S. Singha </ref> The Minas had their own lineage extending to three Gurus, and
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had emerged as a parallel sect during the early part of the 17th century <ref>Page 170, The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech</ref> The sect was excommunicated from the mainstream Sikh community.
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==History and Literary contributions==
 
==History and Literary contributions==
The title Mina means a deceitful hypocrite. The title was given by Guru Ram Das to Baba Prithi Chand; because he refused to accept his father decision of chosing [[Guru Arjan Dev]] his next successor. Guru Ram Das said Gursikhs not to associate with him. Minas remain hostile and hatched conspiracies against Guru Arjan Dev and played important role in martyrdom of Guru Arjan.<ref>Page 41, Sikhism: A Guide for the Perplexed, Arvind-Pal Singh Mandair</ref> They also tried to plan murder of Guru Har Gobind but failed to do so. After death of Guru Arjan, Prithi Chand declared himself sixth Guru parallel to Guru Hargobind
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The title Mina means a deceitful hypocrite. The title was given by Guru [[Ram Das]] ji to Baba Prithi Chand, after he refused to accept his father's decision of choosing the younger son [[Guru Arjan Dev]]ji as the next Sikh Guru. Guru Ram Das ji instructed the GurSikhs from associating with Baba Prithi Chand. The Minas remained hostile and hatched conspiracies against Guru Arjan Dev ji, played an important role in his eventual martyrdom. <ref>Page 41, Sikhism: A Guide for the Perplexed, Arvind-Pal Singh Mandair</ref> They also unsuccessfully tried to execute the sixth Sikh Guru [[Har Gobind]] ji. After death of Guru Arjan Dev ji, Prithi Chand had declared himself as the sixth Guru parallel to Guru HarGobind ji.
  
 
==Mina Guru Lineage==
 
==Mina Guru Lineage==
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# [[Guru Amardas]]
 
# [[Guru Amardas]]
 
# [[Guru Ramdas]]
 
# [[Guru Ramdas]]
# [[Guru Arjan]]<br>After fifth Guru, Minas believe in following three Gurus:
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# [[Guru Arjan]]<br>
# [[Guru Prithi Chand Mina]]
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After fifth Guru, Minas believe in following three Gurus:
# [[Guru Meharvan Mina]]
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# Prithi Chand Mina
# [[Guru Harji Mina]]
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# Meharvan Mina  
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# Harji Mina
  
 
==Literary contributions==
 
==Literary contributions==
Minas have contributed literary but as outcast from Sikh religion the literature have no importance in Sikh Religion. Prithi Chand had written a Basant Ki Vaar under title Mahalla 6. Prithi Chand dies in 1618 and Mehrvan(b 1581) became his sucessor.<ref>Page 172, The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech</ref> He had done literatry work including Janamsakhis, Sukhmani Sahasranama etc. He was succeeded by Harji Mina. Harji had control of Golden Temple in his hand. He had written Goshti Guru Miharvaan.<ref>Page 176,  The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech</ref> Hariji died in 1696 and no further lineage is noted in history
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Minas made significant literary contributions, but it has little importance in the Sikh religion, given that they had been excommunicated. In particular, Prithi Chand had written a Basant Ki Vaar, under the title Mahalla 6. Prithi Chand's successor Meharvan Mina (b 1581) <ref> Page 172, The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech</ref> wrote some Janamsakhis, Sukhmani Sahasranama, etc. He was succeeded by Harji Mina, who wrote Goshti Guru Miharvaan. <ref>Page 176,  The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech</ref> Hariji died in 1696 and no further lineage is noted in history
  
Mina Gurus didn't got much support or fame in 17th-18th century due to which Mina literature got faded away. With advent of time, Minas get merged into mainstream Sikhism and no separate sect existed as of now.<ref>Page 179,  The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech</ref>
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==Progress==
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The Mina Gurus didn't get much support among the masses, and over time, the Minas got merged into mainstream Sikhism. The sect is non-existent in the present day. <ref>Page 179,  The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech</ref>
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Reflist}}
 
[[Category:Sikh groups and sects]]
 

Revision as of 06:46, 26 October 2017

Mina (ਮੀਣੇ) is a title that was given to Baba Prithi Chand (the elder son of the fourth Sikh Guru Ram Das ji) and his followers, after Guru Ram Das ji had appointed his younger son, GuruArjan Dev ji as the next Guru of Sikhs. [1] The Minas had their own lineage extending to three Gurus, and had emerged as a parallel sect during the early part of the 17th century [2] The sect was excommunicated from the mainstream Sikh community.

History and Literary contributions

The title Mina means a deceitful hypocrite. The title was given by Guru Ram Das ji to Baba Prithi Chand, after he refused to accept his father's decision of choosing the younger son Guru Arjan Devji as the next Sikh Guru. Guru Ram Das ji instructed the GurSikhs from associating with Baba Prithi Chand. The Minas remained hostile and hatched conspiracies against Guru Arjan Dev ji, played an important role in his eventual martyrdom. [3] They also unsuccessfully tried to execute the sixth Sikh Guru Har Gobind ji. After death of Guru Arjan Dev ji, Prithi Chand had declared himself as the sixth Guru parallel to Guru HarGobind ji.

Mina Guru Lineage

Minas did not believe in authority of last five Gurus and have their own lineage. Following are Gurus common to mainstream Sikhs and Minas belief:

  1. Guru Nanak
  2. Guru Angad
  3. Guru Amardas
  4. Guru Ramdas
  5. Guru Arjan

After fifth Guru, Minas believe in following three Gurus:

  1. Prithi Chand Mina
  2. Meharvan Mina
  3. Harji Mina

Literary contributions

Minas made significant literary contributions, but it has little importance in the Sikh religion, given that they had been excommunicated. In particular, Prithi Chand had written a Basant Ki Vaar, under the title Mahalla 6. Prithi Chand's successor Meharvan Mina (b 1581) [4] wrote some Janamsakhis, Sukhmani Sahasranama, etc. He was succeeded by Harji Mina, who wrote Goshti Guru Miharvaan. [5] Hariji died in 1696 and no further lineage is noted in history

Progress

The Mina Gurus didn't get much support among the masses, and over time, the Minas got merged into mainstream Sikhism. The sect is non-existent in the present day. [6]

References

  1. ^ Page 145, The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, H. S. Singha
  2. ^ Page 170, The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech
  3. ^ Page 41, Sikhism: A Guide for the Perplexed, Arvind-Pal Singh Mandair
  4. ^ Page 172, The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech
  5. ^ Page 176, The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech
  6. ^ Page 179, The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies, Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech