Mahant Mul Singh

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Held High Positions in Nirmala Sect and SGPC (1753). Who commuted freely between the main body of the Sikhs and their Nirmala sect, held high positions in both. As a member of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, he played an important role in Sikh religious affairs, though his affiliation to the Nirmala order was unambiguous.

Born around AD 1885 at Goindval in the family of Tara Chand, a Marvaha Khatri, Mul Singh spent the first four years of his childhood at Goindval. Thereafter he was taken to Bathinda where he completed his preliminary education returning to Goindval to study under Svami Bhagat Singh of Pindi Gheb. Mul Singh familiarized himself with the Sikh texts. He then travelled to Amritsar where he formally accepted the discipleship of Sant Ram Singh of Bunga Nirmalian, the oldest among the Nirmala deras or monasteries in the city.

Mul Singh, learned in religious lore and of a charitable disposition, was appointed mahant of the Nirmala Bunga on 21 March 1921 as successor to his teacher, Mahant Ram Singh. This was the time when the Akali movement for the reformation of the Sikh religious administration was at its peak. Mul Singh plunged into the agitation. He courted arrest, along with several other Nirmala sants, at Guru ka Bagh. He served as a member of Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee for 13 years. His chief responsibility in Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee was conducting of akhand paths. He also acted as the Jathedar, i.e. head, of the Langar Committee. He was appointed Head Granthi or chief officiant of the Golden Temple which office he retained for fifteen years in an honorary capacity. In his own sect also Mahant Mul Singh occupied a position of honour. He also held offices in the Nirmal Panchayati Akhara, Kankhal, and in the Nirmal Mahan Mandal.

Mahant Mul Singh died on 11 June 1982.

MUL SINGH, RAI, a Khatri SIKH of Gujranwala district, was a trusted servant of Raja Tej Singh, commanderinchief of the KHALSA army during the first AngloSikh war (184546). Tej Singh died in 1862 leaving behind a large estate and a minor son, (later Raja) Harbans Singh. The British government appointed Mul Singh as steward of the Raja`s estate. Mul Singh was able to increase the revenues of the estate and to pay off the substantial costs associated with the marriage of his ward, Harbans Singh. The Government of the Punjab praised Mul Singh for his efforts and rewarded him with a khill`at of Rs. 1,000. He was an honorary magistrate of LAHORE city and Honorary Assistant Commissioner in Gujranwala district. He was charter member of the Senate of Panjab University and an advocate of Oriental learning through his membership in the AnjumaniPanjab.

1. Massey, Charles Francis, The Punjab Chiefs, vol.1. Lahore, 1890

2. Gazetteer of the Gujranwala District.

3. Perrill, Jeffrey P., Punjab Orientalism: The Anjuman-i-Panjab and Panjab University, 186`)-1888. Missouri, 1976