Difference between revisions of "Harmandir Sahib"

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[[Image:Harimandar sahib overview.jpg|thumb|200px|Bird's eye view of Harimandir Sahib and Amritsar|right]]
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#redirect [[Golden Temple]]
 
 
'''Harimandir Sahib:''' Literally "Temple of God" in [[Punjabi]]
 
 
 
"Shining in the morning light, the gilded splendour of its panelling and big dome and small minarets, this temple is a fairy world palace to the devotees of the Sikh faith. Certainly, the first look brings onto the innocent eye the image of a transcendent fact. The 'loving sight' peering into heaven from the legends of the miraculous cures by the touch of the water in the pool of nectar, in which the shrine stands makes for ecstatic awareness. The vision has been received by millions of pilgrims who have come here for centuries from near and far." quoted from a devotee
 
 
 
A [[Gurdwara]] of historical, spiritual, and emotional significance to Sikhs, called Harimandir Sahib in [[Punjabi]]. [[Guru Amar Das]] first conceived of it, although construction did not begin until [[Guru Ram Das]] became the Guru. The actual construction had modest beginnings: A mud-house was constructed by Guru Amar Das, who is said to have found on the edge of the pool the magical herb which cured a skin ailment of his master [[Guru Angad]]. The Amrit Sarovar remained a village tank, until the fourth Guru, Guru Ram Das began to carry out the plans of his mentor for a more permanent structure in brick.
 
 
 
[[Maharaja Ranjit Singh]] had the structure plated with gold in the early 19th century for the first time. During 2002, the gold plating was replaced with new gold plates. In 1604, the newly compiled [[Adi Granth]] was housed here for the first time. The Fifth Sikh Guru, [[Guru Arjan Dev]] ji sat on the floor with the rest of the congregation while the Adi Granth was place on a high platform or [[Takhat]]. The Indian army attacked this beautiful complex in June 1984 causing severe damage to the [[Akal Takhat]] building complex.
 
 
 
[[Image:Gt00A1.gif|thumb|300px|right|Aerial View & map [http://wikimapia.org/#y=31619538&x=74876354&z=17&l=0&m=h&v=2 Harimandir Sahib @ wikimapia.org] ]]
 
 
 
==Se-Young==
 
[[Image:Harimandir sahib plan.jpg|thumb|200px|right|A Plan of the Harimandir Sahib Complex]]
 
 
 
''Se-young''
 
IS the holiest person in Markville S. S
 
 
 
Se-Young
 
 
 
==History==
 
 
 
===The Sikh Gurus===
 
Se -young is the only Guru!! Worship Se-Young
 
 
 
[[Image:Pre-guru arrival landscape.jpg|thumb|Landscape before the arrival of Guru Amardas]]
 
Se-Young
 
 
 
===The Struggle Period===
 
[[Image:Darbarsa.jpg|thumb|200px|right|Darbar Sahib as seen from Dukh Bhanjan|right]]
 
 
The seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth Gurus did not make any additions to the Harimandir or the city. During this period the [[masands]] looked after the Harimandir and are known to have mismanaged the temple. At this time the Sikhs were engaged in several battles against corrupt practices and Mughal rulers. All efforts were directed towards protecting the Harimandir from desecration.
 
 
 
After the passing of Guru Gobind Singh ji in 1708, the Sikhs passed through a very critical phase where they were hounded out and killed, prices having being fixed on their heads. It was during this period that the Harimandir Sahib was damaged and/or demolished five times. Each time the Sikhs took the earliest opportunity to rebuild it. It was in 1762 that Ahmad Shah blew up the building with gunpowder, but the Sikhs rallied to return to Amritsar and celebrated the festival of Diwali a few months later.
 
 
 
In January 1764, [[Jassa Singh Ahluwalia]] took over Sirhind and then he and other Sikh chiefs gave a call for the reconstruction of the shrine. Money raised was deposited with Des Raj of Sursingh village and he was also entrusted with the supervision of the work. The edifice then raised on an earlier original design has since remained the same with minor alterations and embellishments.
 
 
 
===The Misl Period (1707-1801)===
 
[[Image:Misl-RS development.jpg|thumb|Development during the Misl and Maharaja Ranjit Singh Periods]]
 
During the Misl period, where the  Mughal Emprie declined and the Sikh chiefs rose, many Bungas were built, not only to defend the Harimandir but to fortify the city. These were military establishments, but also served as educational institutions and rest houses for pilgrims. New roads, forts and Bazaars were also constructed during this period.
 
 
 
===[[Maharaja Ranjit Singh]] (1801-39)===
 
[[Image:Mul-Mantra-GTEntrance.jpg|thumb|The inscription above the outer walls entrance to the Harimandir Sahib reads, after the Mool Mantar: "The Great Guru in His wisdom looked upon Maharaja Ranjit Singh as his chief servitor and Sikh, and in his benevolence, bestowed on him the privilege of serving the Temple."|left]]
 
The Parikarma around the Sarovar was made in 1784, Later after 1801, when Maharaja Ranjit Singh had defeated the Misl chiefs and established his headquarters in Lahore, the shrine was embellished and ornamented with gold. This process commenced in 1802 and the work included the application of inlaid marble panels onto the outer face of the building, richly embossed gilded metal sheets and a range of fresco techniques. Maharaja Ranjit Singh also constructed the Gobindgarh fort in 1805-09 along with his own summer palace and a series of gardens and canals.
 
 
 
===The British Period (1849-1947)===
 
 
 
The British took over the management of the Harimandir on the annexation of the Punjab (1849-1947). During their time they built several administrative buildings, railways, churches and roads within Amritsar. The clock tower was built in 1862 and with this the direction of the main entrance to the precinct of Harimandir Sahib was changed from the west to the north.
 
 
 
===1984===
 
[[Image:1984.gif|thumb|"1984" by Amrit and Rabindra Kaur Singh]]
 
 
 
==General==
 
 
 
Many other Sikh centres exist in India but this Gurdwara Complex is World famous and has become very popular among the followers as a place of pilgrimage.  The establishment of Sri Harimandir Sahib during the late 1500 was a most significant achievement of the Sikh Gurus as a centre of excellence, inspiration and action for the followers of the faith. This complex created a centre of activity and made the whole of this region prosperous and eventually becoming an important economic hub. Many administrative and economic institutes now have bases in the city of Amritsar. By the creation of this city the Gurus created an important City which today boosts an International Airport, University, Regional Capital, etc.Well everything was going good till there till devil open his eyes again on Harminder Sahib Indira Gandhi who had tried to harm Harminder Sahib due to which BLUE STAR took place many gursikhs lost their lives blood was all over the place .
 
 
 
[[Image:gtbss001.jpg|thumb|250px|right|The Golden Temple|left]]
 
 
 
==See Also==
 
 
 
* [[Golden Temple]] - As per the order passed by SGPC in March 2005 referring Sri Harmandir Sahib as Golden Temple has been prohibited.
 
* [[A day at the Golden Temple]]
 
* [[Harimandir Sahib Gallery]]
 
 
 
==Resources==
 
 
 
[[Media:Plan of Harimandir Sahib.pdf|Component plan of Harimandir Sahib and Surrounding Area]]
 
*http://www.wikimapia.org/#y=31620062&x=74876249&z=18&l=0&m=a
 
 
 
==External Links==
 
 
 
* [http://wikimapia.org/#y=31619538&x=74876354&z=17&l=0&m=h&v=2 Aerial View & map]
 
*[http://www.darbarsaheb.com Website giving in-depth information on Golden Temple]
 
*[http://www.srigurugranthsahib.org/featured/harimandir.htm Uniqueness of The Golden Temple]
 
*[http://www.sikhnet.com/goldentemple Golden Temple Tribute]
 
*[http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary_/Amrita.html MSN Encarta]
 
*[http://www.worldkhalsa.com/public/gurud/india/goldent.html WorldKhalsa.com]
 
*[http://www.sikh.net/Gurdwara/GOLDEN/Dayhrmdr.htm Sikh.net]
 
*[http://www.sikhnet.com/s/SevenWonders Sikhnet.com]
 
*[http://www.sgpc.net Sgpc.net]
 
 
 
 
 
'''Photos'''
 
 
 
* [http://www.santsipahi.org/dsold/ Old Pictures of Darbar Sahib]
 
 
 
==References==
 
 
 
* ''Nomination of Sri Harimandir Sahib for inclusion on the UNESCO World Heritage List Vol.1 Nomination Dossier'', India 2003
 
* {{Book reference | Author=editor and publisher: Swati Mitra | Title=Walking with the Gurus: Historical Gurdwaras of Punjab| Publisher=Good Earth Publications| Year=2004 | ID=ISBN 8187780231}}
 
[[category:Glossary of Sikh Terms]]
 
[[Category:Historic Gurdwaras in Punjab]]
 
[[Category:Gurdwaras]]
 

Latest revision as of 19:15, 29 July 2018

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