Bibi Agya Kaur

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Bibi Agya Kaur, (d. 1918), the wife of Bhai Takht Singh and his partner in promoting women's education among Sikhs, a cause to which they were both passionately devoted. She was the daughter of Sardar Nek Singh of the village of Sultanpur, near Rahim Yar Khan railway station in the princely state of Bahawalpur.

She had been a resident student at the Sikh girls school, at Firozpur, founded in 1892 and nurtured by Bhal Takht Singh. Agya Kaur had studied at the Mahavidyala up to the high school level. Bhai Takht Singh's first wife Harnam Kaur who was a co-builder of the school died in 1906. He approached Agya Kaur's father to ask for her hand to be his ally in the enterprise he had launched. The nuptials took place at Sultanpur on 17 September 1910.

On 17 February 1911, Bibi (lady) Agya Kaur left with her husband on a tour of some South Asian countries to raise funds for the school. At Sikh gatherings and at divans at the gurdwaras, she recited holy hymns, kirtan, and made fervent appeals for donations, for their nascent school. Returning to the Punjab on 3 March 1912, she resumed her duties at the Mahavidyala as a teacher and as a matron of the hostel.

In 1917-18 there were many Indian and English soldiers who returned to the Panjab, survivers of the deadliest war the world had ever known. But the influenza that traveled back with them from the battlefields of Europe that fall was far worse than any flu has ever been. Ravaging the earth for two years, one fifth of the world's population became infected. The pandemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than World War I, some 25 to 40 million people. Known as the "Spanish Flu" the influenza of 1918-1919 was a global disaster. Usually a killer of the elderly and young children the flu that year was most deadly for people aged 20 to 40.

Bibi Agya Kaur was taken ill with influenza during the deadly epidemic, her flu was aggravated by an attack of pneumonia. She died on 27 October 1918.

She left behind four children, one of her daughters rising to the position of Director of Public Instruction in Punjab.