Pandit Kartar Singh Dakha

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KARTAR SINGH DAKHA, PANDIT (1888-1958), scholar, grammarian and theologian, was born the son of Ram Singh on 13 September 1888 at Dakha, a village 16 km southwest of LUDHIANA along the LudhianaFirozpur highway. After receiving elementary education in his village, he was admitted to Khalsa Collegiate School, Amritsar, but owing to his father`s death in 1907, he left off without taking the matriculation examination and joined the Nirmala Dera at Thikrivala, in the former princely state of Patiala, to learn Sanskrit from Pandit Basant Singh.

Besides Sanskrit, he was nurtured at the Dera in Sikh scriptures and he finished as a learned scholar and practised debater. He worked for some time as a teacher in Khalsa Pracharak Vidyala, Tarn Taran. Later, when the Sikh Missionary College was opened at Amritsar in 1923, Pandit Kartar Singh joined the faculty as a lecturer. Returning to his native village, Dakha, he took to preaching, travelling extensively in the Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. In 1933-38 he taught at Gurmat Updeshak College, Damdama Sahib, Talvandi Sabo in Bhatinda district, also known as Guru Kashi. There he brought out a missionary journal, Guru Kashi Pattar, which was later shifted to Ludhiana and ultimately to Dakha.

During 1938-39, Pandit Kartar Singh, accompanied by Giani Gurcharan Singh of Muktsar, went on a tour to Singapore and Malaya at the invitation of the Sikhs living in those countries. After returning from there, he served for some time as a lecturer in Divinity at Guru Hargobind Khalsa College, Gurusar Sadhar, 10 km south of Dakha. He also served in the Punjab Languages Department at Patiala from 1951-53. He died of a heart attack on 25 November 1958 at Qila Raipur, a village 18 km south of Ludhiana.

Pandit Kartar Singh Dakha was a prolific writer. His published works included books on linguistics, philosophy, prosody, grammar, commentaries on sacred texts, some of the titles being Hindi atey Gurmukhi Lipi Ie Vichar (1931), Gurmukhi atey Hindi da Takra (1949), Nyay Paribhasha (1929), Guru Kavya Darshan Artadt Pingal (1913), Alankar Nirnay (n.d.), Navin Punjabi Pingal (n.d.), Sri Guru Vyakaran Panchayan (1945), Malve da Political Itihas (n.d.) Sri Japu Nishan (1951), Das Dohre tey Veeh Savaiye Sateek (n.d.), Guru Pad Nirany (n.d.), Bhagauti Mandan (1963), and two pamphlets on Ragmala controversy (1946). Besides, his articles and serialized Punjabi translation of the Rg Veda appeared in Guru Kashi Pattar.

1. Asli Qaumi Dard. 2 April 1930

2. The Khalsa Advocate. 9 February 1969

3. Padam, Piara Sirigh, Kalam de Dhani. Patiala, 1966

4. Vasakha Singh, Sant, Malve da Itihas. Kishanpura, 195-1 S.S.S.

Suggested Reading

1. Sahitya Acharya Pandit Kartar Singh Dakha - Jaswant Singh Sapra

2. Guru Kavya Darshan - Arthat Punjabi Kavita atey Alankar Aad - Jhalak Pehli

3. Alankar Nirne

4. Sri Guru Vyakaran Panchayan

5. Sri Mukhwak Patshahi Dasvin 20 Sawaiyey tey 10 Dohrey Sateek

6. Sri Japu Nisan - Kartar Singh Dakha