Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullĝh (born 570 in Mecca – died June 8, 632 in Medina), the founder of the religion of Islam, is regarded by Muslims as a messenger and prophet of God (Arabic: الله Allĝh) whom they consider to be the last (seal of the Prophets). Muslims consider him the restorer of the uncorrupted original monotheistic faith (Islĝm) of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus among other prophets. During his life he was also active as a diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, reformer, military general and, according to Muslim belief, he was an agent of divine action.
Muhammad in Gurmat
Is muhammad prophet?
- Muhammad was not last Prophet sent by God.(ਮਹਾਦੀਨ ਕੇਤੇ ਪਰਿਥੀ ਮਾਂਝ ਹੂਝ ॥ ਸਮੈ ਆਪਨੀ ਆਪਨੀ ਅੰਤ ਮੂਝ ॥੨੭॥, Many Muhammads had been on the earth. They were born and then died in their own times. 27.). It is said that ਹਰਿ ਜਗ ਜਗ ਭਗਤ ਉਪਾਇਆ ਪੈਜ ਰਖਦਾ ਆਇਆ ਰਾਮ ਰਾਜੇ ॥, God send many persons to earth for mission of spreading truth. There is no limit of sending paigambars
Is Muhammad God?
- Muhammad was Not God still he was god sent person and he ruled Arabia. (ਮਹਾਦੀਨ ਤਬ ਪਰਭ ਉਪਰਾਜਾ ॥ ਅਰਬ ਦੇਸ ਕੋ ਕੀਨੋ ਰਾਜਾ ॥੨੬॥, Then I created Muhammed, who was made the master of Arabia.26.)
Was Muhammad able to spread God's message?
- No doubt he spread God's message, but he started his own ritualistic practices. He started his own religion in which he kept circumcised people.(Circumcision is rejected acc. to Gurmat)(ਤਿਨ ਭੀ ਝਕ ਪੰਥ ਉਪਰਾਜਾ ॥ ਲਿੰਗ ਬਿਨਾ ਕੀਨੇ ਸਭ ਰਾਜਾ ॥, He started a religion and circumcised all the kings.). He gave his own name(La ilaha illa Allah(< OK but >), Muhammad rasool Allah) and said people to recite it, Guru Gobind Singh said (ਸਭ ਤੇ ਅਪਨਾ ਨਾਮ ਜਪਾਯੋ ॥ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮ ਕਾਹੂੰ ਨ ਦਰਿੜਾਯੋ ॥੨੭॥, He caused all to utter his name and did not give True Name of the Lord with firmness to anyone.27.). In Gurbani thats why it is written TURKU KANA because they can see allah still they have few wrong practices But if muslim also move on path of wisdom then these rituals will keep no significance for him.
In Bachittar Natak, By Guru Gobind Singh, in which Guru Gobind Singh ji while Communicating with God. God discussed the history of his creation and creation of various Devipurasha who were send to earth. But those people instead of reciting god's name made their own path and people started praying him. Muhamad name is in that list.
ਜਿਤੇ ਅਉਲੀਆ ਅੰਬੀਆ ਹੋਇ ਬੀਤੇ ॥ ਤਿਤਿਓ ਕਾਲ ਜੀਤਾ ਨ ਤੇ ਕਾਲ ਜੀਤੇ ॥ All the Prophets and saints of the past were conquered by Death (KAL), but none could conquer it (him).
In Sikhism there is no particular dress. Guru Sahib once baptized Sikhs when he made an army to fight against Mughal in which he gave sword to all who were baptized. That sword of miri was to serve for humanity. Gurus never said to take their name they only give name of Akal.
More About Him
Born in 570 CE in the Arabian city of Mecca, he was orphaned at a young age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Talib. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd, and was first married by age 25 to an older, wealthy and successful bussiness woman. Discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave on Mt. Hira in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection. According to Islamic beliefs it was here, at age 40, in the month of Ramadan, where he received his first revelation from God. Three years after this event Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" to Him (lit. islĝm) is the only way (dīn) acceptable to God, and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, in the same vein as other Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus.
Muhammad gained few followers early on, and was met with hostility from some Meccan tribes; he and his followers were treated harshly. To escape persecution Muhammad and his followers migrated to Medina (then known as Yathrib) in the year 622 CE. This event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Medina, Muhammad united the conflicting tribes, and after eight years of fighting with the Meccan tribes, his followers, who by then had grown to ten thousand, conquered Mecca without bloodshed. In 632 a few months after returning to Medina from his Farewell pilgrimage, Muhammad fell ill and died. By the time of his death most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam and he united the tribes of Arabia into a single Muslim religious polity.
The armies of Islam spread to the east in north Africa, spreading into Europe through Spain, Sicily and Italy. In the west after conquering Constantinople the warriors of Islam crossed the Bosphorus and were soon on the way to Austria. After conquering the Persians. Arabs and the newly converted warriors of Turkey, Persia and the Traders of Arabia spread Islam across India. Though many deny that Islam was spread by conquest (at the tip of the sword), invasions by Babar the sion of the Moghuls (who had once attempted to wipe out Islam) invaded India, first for its riches and slaves, eventually to conquer all of northern India and under Aurangzeb attempted to take the south as well.
It was the armies of the Sikhs and the Marathas that eventually ended the tyranny of Mughal rule in India. The Sikhs also would defeat the Afganis adding the Kingdoms of Jammu and Kashmir to the Sikh Raj.