Miri Sword vs Piri Sword
The sword's traditional use is as a weapon. A weapon which has been used for both evil and non evil purposes. Guru Sahibans and devotees have explained that there are two types of sword. Piri is one type of Sword, which was introduced by Bhagats who continued to supply this sword to the people. Guru Nanak passed this sword to Lehna and so on. The sword of Piri is a Sword of Wisdom; a Spiritual Sword that does not hang at one's side as a piece of metal. It's Formless Sword and take form on heart of person after attaching himself with Gurmat and kill inner vices.
Let us fully understand the difference between these two swords:
|1||Other names||It is also called Temporal or Worldly Sword, also called Talwar, Kharag in common language||It is also called Sword of Wisdom, also called Gyan Kharag|
|2||Place to keep||This sword resides in Scabbard or Sword Belt of warriors.||This sword resides in Mind and heart of Saints, the warriors who fight an internal battle.|
|3||Way to attain||In Sikhism, People generally wear this sword (the Kirpan) after baptism.||A person gets this sword after having gained a full knowledge of Gurmat (Spiritual Wisdom).|
|4||Functions||Used for Defence
Used to save others from tyranny
Used to Save Honour
|Used to kill Ignorance|
Used to kill all innner vices and deamons
Used for preaching so that other listen and use this sword.
|5||Made of||Iron and other metals||Made of Gyan i.e Wisdom, and with Shabad, you can sharpen it.|
|7||Founder||Guru HarGobind introduced this sword to the Sikh way of life.||Inner soul if attain wisdom then one can attain this sword, this sword is given in written form by devotees and guru and it take it's form inside person.|
|8||History||Guru HarGobind, firstly adopted this Sword along with sword of Piri (Spiritual Sword) and He gave both swords to further Gurus.||This Sword travelled through Devotees and Nanak after enlightenment and gave the sword of wisdom to Angad dev, then angad dev to Amardass and so on|
|9||Guru Granth Sahib References||Lines in Guru Granth Sahib about this Temporal Sword:
ਮਗਲ ਪਠਾਣਾ ਭਈ ਲੜਾਈ ਰਣ ਮਹਿ ਤੇਗ ਵਗਾਈ ॥
The battle raged between the Mogals and the Pat'haans, and the swords clashed on the battlefield.
|Gurbani basically describe this type of sword, like: |
1) ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗ ਲੈ ਮਨ ਸਿਉ ਲੂਝੈ ਮਨਸਾ ਮਨਹਿ ਸਮਾਈ ਹੇ ॥੩॥
Taking up the sword of spiritual wisdom, she struggles with her mind, and hope and desire are smoothed over in her mind. ||3||
|10||Dasam Granth References||About Worldly Sword, Guru Gobind Singh wrote in Bachitar Natak how it cut's evils:
ਤਹਾ ਨੰਦ ਚੰਦੰ ਕੀਯੋ ਕੋਪ ਭਾਰੋ ॥ ਲਗਾਈ ਬਰਛੀ ਕਰਿਪਾਣੰ ਸੰਭਾਰੋ ॥
Then Nand Chand (the Guru's Diwan), in fierce rage, wielding his sword struck it with force.
ਤਟੀ ਤੇਗ ਤਰਿਖੀ ਕਢੇ ਜਮਦਢੰ ॥ ਹਠੀ ਰਾਖਯੰ ਲਜ ਬੰਸੰ ਸਨਢੰ ॥੮॥
But it broke. Then he drew his dagger and the tenacious warrior saved the honour of the Sodhi clan.8.
|In ShastarNam Mala, it's mentioned:|
ਅਸ ਕਰਿਪਾਨ ਖੰਡੋ ਖੜਗ ਤਪਕ ਤਬਰ ਅਰ ਤੀਰ ॥
There is a belief that Guru Hargobind wore two swords, to which he gave the name Miri and Piri. It is true that he had two swords but both swords were not worldly swords. Miri Swords reside in his Sword Belt, and Piri Swords resides in his heart. He gave piri sword which means he preached Gurmat to people and on the other side he armed his devotees with the Miri sword to use as a weapon against tyranny.
Yes, If the Guru Sahib had two Iron swords with him, than those were both Miri Swords. All swords of iron and all worldly weapons are related to Miri.
He had Spiritual Wisdom, Gurbani Gyan, Prema Bhagti i.e Piri Sword.