Gurdwara Zafarnama

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Gurdwara Zafarnama

The village Kangar (or Dina Kangar) in Bhatinda district was once the capital of a big Hindu Zamindar Rai Jodh, disciple of sixth Guru Hargobind. The holy dagger was bestowed upon him by Guru Hargobind, is still in the possession of his descendents. This village is famous for Gurdwara Zafarnama Sahib.

Guru Gobind Singh stayed here for a few days and wrote his famous defiant letter known as the Zafarnama (The Letter of Victory) in Persian to Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb at of the darkest times of his life. Most of the Sikhs had been martyred including the Guru's four sons, mother and father. In the letter Guru Gobind Singh Ji starts by praising God and and then goes on to condemn Aurangzeb for his failure as a ruler, for his communalism and for breaking his oath on the Qur'an to grant the Sikhs a safe passage. Guru Gobind Singh Ji also included that when all peaceful means have failed, it is righteous to draw the sword to fight tyranny and injustice. The Guru describes the bloody battle of Chamkaur and invites Aurangzeb to visit him even though he is the reason for the martyrdom of many brave and innocent Sikhs. The letter was personally delivered to the emperor in the Deccan by the Guru's two trusted Sikhs Bhai Daya Singh Ji and Bhai Dharam Singh Ji. Upon reading the letter the emperor was filled with remorse and asked Guru Gobind Singh Ji to come and visit him, but Aurangzeb died shortly thereafter in 1707.

See also