Ath Baudh Avtar Kathan
Ath Baudh Avtar Teiysvo Kathan(ਅਥ ਬਉਧ ਅਵਤਾਰ ਤੇਈਸਵੌ ਕਥਨੰ ),also called Baudh Avtar, which is generally belief about Gautam Siddarth the 23rd Incarnation of Vishnu in many hindu scriptures like Harivamsha (1.41), Vishnu Purana (3.18), Bhagavata Purana (1.3.24, 2.7.37, 11.4.23), Garuda Purana (1.1, 2.30.37, 3.15.26), Agni Purana (16), Narada Purana (2.72), Linga Purana (2.71), Padma Purana (3.252) etc.
It is common belief that 10th guru worship Vishnu thats why he wrote whole narrative in praise of Vishnu but Guru Gobind Singh declared his worshiper in first 22 lines of Chobis avtar quite clearly. Even in end of Vishnu Avtar Guru Gobind Singh cleared this thing to Sikh Sangat, that he is not worshipper of Vishnu : Dasam Granth CHAUBIS AVTAR (Twenty-Four Gods) 434
Guru Gobind Singh moreover cleared his viewpoint in other compositions about Vishnu Avtar: Dasam Granth Gyan Prabodh of Tenth Sovereign (Guru)
History of Interpretations
In this poetry, there are two characters Shankhasura and Machu. To understand let's look at the history of religion in this part of the world.
In the Gurmat way of interpretations, the meaning of these mythological characters is studied, etymologically or by using the Guru Granth Sahib as the base, rather then following meanings given by Hindu scholars in the past. Bhagat Sri Kabeer has explained in his bani, that Hindu scholars (called pundit) have violated the real way i.e The real meanings have been hidden and other meanings have been created which makes people link these characters to temporal things rather then spiritual linkage.
This was the reason why so many ritualistic practises came into the Hindu religion; the real essence is lost and forgotten. Idol worship is condemned in Vedas; Vedas (at many places) believe God is Nirankar. Yajurveda states that:
and there are many facts in Vedas which point to Omnipresent, Omnipotent God which have no form. Gurbani also states that vedas was adulterated later. Bhagat Kabir have cleared the situation of Hindu Scholars of those time: SGGS 1371
So Gurbani has cleared all mistakes which were introduced by Hindu scholars of those time i.e All attributes of god are fixed with human features and this started the human worship in form of idol.
Gurus & Bhagats remove doubt
Gurus and Devotees has done their job, by clearing all doubts put by religious scholars in past and wrote pothis (small holy books) contains original meanings and original wisdom's of Brahmgian which was inherent in the Vedas or other Puranic Granths, so that we could get the knowledge and know about ourselves at a spiritual level. Their job is segregated in Guru Granth Sahib. The following lines of Guru Granth Sahib clearly showed, this fact: SGGS 495
When these Smritis, Shastars, Purans, Vedas were sanctified by devotees they told the original meanings of terms which were actually related with god and soul, but was distorted by religious scholars for eg. Ram (Resider in all), Murari (Mur + Ari: Killer of Deamons(Vices)), Damodar(which have Naam Dhann), etc. Today Sikhs are using these terms in daily prayers. Hindus who are following the same scholars who were condemned by the Sikh Gurus and devotees of past, still believe that those names in the Guru Granth Sahib are related to their dieties but actually this is not in accordance with Gurmat philosophy.
Guru Gobind Singh has also written about Akaal (God), in much detail. He sanctified Chandi Charitar Ukati Bilas and Chobis Avtar, on base of Gurbani. Chobis Avtar contains history of religion and Guru sahib discourage many of their mythological characters in between that poetry. None of these warped belief of Hindu scholar (Pandits) is accepted by Guru Gobind Singh and Khalsa.
Giani Narain Singh and Ratan Singh Jaggi has produced interpretations based on previous concept given by Hindu religious scholars, and they did word to word translations only which makes many scholars believe that Dasam Granth is not written by Guru Gobind Singh. The spiritual aspect is not at all touched by any scholars regarding Dasam Granth.
It's not About Gautam Siddath
Incarnation 23 is a incarnation of Intellect Mind which tells the world about God. This incarnation of God is formless. Baudh means Mind(Buddhi). This Avtar is not only about Siddarth Gautam but all Gurmukhs. Avtar means the one who do the work as God commands.
Let's understand from Gurbani says:
ਕੇਤੇ ਸਿਧ ਬਧ ਨਾਥ ਕੇਤੇ -> There are many Buddhas
If Guru Granth Sahib is saying that there are many Buddhas it means Siddartha Gautam is not only Budh. What actually Budh is, Gurbani also says:
ਤਿਥੈ ਘੜੀਝ ਸਰਤਿ ਮਤਿ ਮਨਿ ਬਧਿ ॥ -> When mind is Shaped it becomes Baudh Avtar and how to shape it:
ਸਚੋ ਸਚ ਵਖਾਣੀਝ ਸਚੋ ਬਧਿ ਬਿਬੇਕ ॥ -> Through the True One, an intuitive and discerning mind is obtained.
When Mind(Buddhi) is shaped by truth into Spiritual Mind(Vivek Buddhi = an intuitive and discerning mind), it's called Baudh and when such Baudh seeks god's Hukam and do work on order of god, then she is called Baudh Avtar.
As said, this is not only about Gautam Buddha but about Guru Nanak, Guru Gobind Singh, Bhatts, Gursikhs, Gurmukhs etc. all are Baudh Avtar Because all seeks Hukam.
In Avtar Guru Gobind Singh clearly mentioned what World had done with Baudh Avtar and what actually it is. Guru Gobind SIngh Defined Baudh as ਜਾਕਰ ਨਾਵ ਨ ਠਾਂਵ ਬਖਾਨਾ ॥ ਬਉਧ ਅਵਤਾਰ ਵਹੀ ਪਹਚਾਨਾ ॥ that means He, whose name and place are not described, he is only known as the Buddha incarnation. This automatically points toward some formless thing i.e ਬਉਧ(Budhi). In Chandi Charitar, Guru Gobind Singh said ਤ ਬੌਧਾ ਤਹੀ ਮਛ ਕੋ ਰੂਪ ਕੈ ਹੈ ॥ means Chandi = Gurmat = Parmeshwar ki Matt = Vivek Budhi is Baudha i.e Buddha(ਬੌਧਾ)
ਅਥ ਬਉਧ ਅਵਤਾਰ ਤੇਈਸਵੌ ਕਥਨੰ ॥
Now begins the description of the twenty-third Buddha incarnation
ਅਬ ਮੈ ਗਨੋ ਬਉਧ ਅਵਤਾਰਾ ॥ ਜੈਸ ਰੂਪ ਕਹ ਧਰਾ ਮਰਾਰਾ ॥
Now I describe the Buddha incarnation as to how the Lord assumed this form;
ਬਉਧ ਅਵਤਾਰ ਇਹੀ ਕੋ ਨਾਊ ॥ ਜਾਕਰ ਨਾਵ ਨ ਥਾਵ ਨ ਗਾਊ ॥੧॥
Buddha incarnation is the name of that one, who has no name, no place and no village.1.
ਜਾਕਰ ਨਾਵ ਨ ਠਾਂਵ ਬਖਾਨਾ ॥ ਬਉਧ ਅਵਤਾਰ ਵਹੀ ਪਹਚਾਨਾ ॥
He, whose name and place are not described, he is only known as the Buddha incarnation;
ਸਿਲਾ ਸਰੂਪ ਰੂਪ ਤਿਹ ਜਾਨਾ ॥ ਕਥਾ ਨ ਜਾਹ ਕਲੂ ਮਹਿ ਮਾਨਾ ॥੨॥
No one has accepted his sayings in the Iron Age, and they made stones of him(idols).2.
ਰੂਪ ਰੇਖ ਜਾ ਕਰਨ ਕਛ ਅਰ ਕਛ ਨਹਿਨਾਕਾਰ ॥
Neither he is beautiful nor he does any work;
ਸਿਲਾ ਰੂਪ ਬਰਤਤ ਜਗਤ ਸੋ ਬਊਧ ਅਵਤਾਰ ॥੩॥
His statues are made in world but in actual he is Buddha Incarnation.3.
ਇਤਿ ਸਰੀ ਬਚਿਤਰ ਨਾਟਕੇ ਗਰੰਥੇ ਬਉਧ ਅਵਤਾਰ ਸਤ ਸਭਮ ਸਤ ॥੨੩॥
Here ends the description of Buddha Incarnation in Bachittar Natak.23.
Siddarth Gautam was born in Lumbini in Nepal and was king of the place. As Dasam bani says ਜਾਕਰ ਨਾਵ ਨ ਠਾਂਵ ਬਖਾਨਾ ॥ ਬਉਧ ਅਵਤਾਰ ਵਹੀ ਪਹਚਾਨਾ ॥, this information itself tell that this avtar description is not about BODY but about mind. In Hinduism, Gautam is said to be incarnation of Vishnu but Buddhism reject the idea. They say that Baudh means the enlighten one and Guru Gobind Singh changed the mentality of Hindu folk by telling the original and in depth meaning of Baudh. Buddhism does not support Idol worship. Gautam Sidhartha was also against idol worship but under Hindu regime his Idols were made and the tradition is followed today, Guru Gobind Singh is pointing to such wrong conception saying, ਸਿਲਾ ਸਰੂਪ ਰੂਪ ਤਿਹ ਜਾਨਾ ॥ ਕਥਾ ਨ ਜਾਹ ਕਲੂ ਮਹਿ ਮਾਨਾ ॥੨॥
, means even no one adopted teachings of Gautam Buddha too.
|Ath Chobis Avtar Kathan|
Commencement of Composition