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Avatar or avatĝra (Devanagari अवतार, Sanskrit for "descent" [viz., from heaven to earth]) refers to a deliberate descent of a deity from heaven to earth, or a descent of the Supreme Being (i.e., Vishnu for Vaishnavites) and from Sukhsagar to Bhavsagar(For Sikhs) and is mostly translated into English as "incarnation", but more accurately as "appearance" or "manifestation".

There are two types of Philosphy related to Avtaar, in Adi Guru Granth Sahib:

  1. Every Being is Avtar
  2. People who did Outstanding achievements.

Every Being is Avtar

Gurbani believes that every organism who born on earth is Avtaar.

This concept is lying in following quotes of Gurbani:

ਗ੝ਰਿ ਭੇਟਿਝ ਨ ਹੋਇ ਜੋਨਿ ਅਉਤਾਰ੝ ॥
Meeting with the Guru, I shall not be reincarnated ever again.ਪੰਨਾ 1270, ਸਤਰ 10(Mehalla 5)

Some Outstanding person in some field is avtaar

Gurbani believes those person who tried to do some deeds to bring truth above or some high level work is also called Avtaar. This concept is lying in following quotes of Gurbani:

ਜ੝ਗਹ ਜ੝ਗਹ ਕੇ ਰਾਜੇ ਕੀਝ ਗਾਵਹਿ ਕਰਿ ਅਵਤਾਰੀ ॥

In each and every age, He creates the kings, who are sung of as His Incarnations.

ਤਿਨ ਭੀ ਅੰਤ੝ ਨ ਪਾਇਆ ਤਾ ਕਾ ਕਿਆ ਕਰਿ ਆਖਿ ਵੀਚਾਰੀ ॥੭॥

Even they have not found His limits; what can I speak of and contemplate?

Gurbani believes in Concept of 10 Avtaars who were born in Command of God.

ਹ੝ਕਮਿ ਉਪਾਝ ਦਸ ਅਉਤਾਰਾ ॥
He created His ten incarnations,Guru Nanak Dev (Page 1038, Line 5)

ਸ੝ੰਨਹ੝ ਉਪਜੇ ਦਸ ਅਵਤਾਰਾ ॥
From the Primal Void, the ten incarnations welled up.Guru Nanak Dev (Page 1279, Line 18)

ਦਸ ਅਵਤਾਰੀ ਰਾਮ੝ ਰਾਜਾ ਆਇਆ ॥
The ten incarnations, and Rama the king, came into being. (Page 1279, Line 18)

See also