Vikar

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Vikar (Punjabi ਵਿਕਾਰ ) is a Punjabi word which means 'vice', 'evil', a 'sin', a 'defect', a 'flaw', a 'fault', a 'corruption' or an 'immortal act'. This is a word that is used in Sikhi as part of the central concept of the Five Evils or five thieves or panch dooth (five demons) or panj vikar (five sins). These five vikars or evils as they are referred to in Sikh Scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, are, according to Sikhism, the five major weaknesses of the human personality at variance with its spiritual essence. The common evils far exceed in number, but a group of five of them came to be identified because of the obstruction they are believed to cause in man's pursuit of the moral and spiritual path. The group of five evils in Punjabi are:

  • kam (Lust),
  • krodh (Rage or uncontrolled anger),
  • lobh (Greed),
  • moh (Attachment or emotional attachment) and
  • ahankar (ego)

Translated into English these words mean lust/addiction, wrath/rage/anger, materialistic greed, attachment/worldly infatuation and ego/pride respectively. The word 'evil' here may be understood to represent the connotation of Punjabi pap (sin), dokh (defect), or kilbikh (defilement).

Use of the word in Gurbani

ਸਭਿ ਰਸ ਭੋਗਣ ਬਾਦਿ ਹਹਿ ਸਭਿ ਸੀਗਾਰ ਵਿਕਾਰ
Sabẖ ras bẖogaṇ bĝḝ heh sabẖ sīgĝr vikĝr.
Her enjoyment of all pleasures is futile, and all her decorations are corrupt.
ਸੰਪਉ ਸੰਚੀ ਭਝ ਵਿਕਾਰ
Sampa­o sancẖī bẖa­ė vikĝr.
They gather wealth, but only evil comes from it.


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