Mata Jito

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Mata Ajeet Kaur
Mata Ajeet kaur Ji.jpg
Full Name : Ajeet Kaur, Jeeto, Jito
Birth : 1673, Lahore
Parents : Bhai Harjas Ji
Spouse : Guru Gobind Singh
Children : Ajit Singh, Jujhar Singh, Zorawar Singh, Fateh Singh
Death : 5 Dec, 1700, Anandpur Sahib
Gurdwara Mata Ajeet kaur Ji, in village Agampura, adjacent, to Anandpur Sahib, where Mata Ajeet Kaur Ji, was cremated, by the Tenth Sikh Guru

Mata Jito, also called Mata Jeet kaur was first wife of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. She was the daughter of Bhai Harijas, a Subhikkhi Khatri of Lahore. The betrothal had taken place in 1673. The father-in-law had desired that the bridegroom should come at the head of a marriage party to Lahore where the ceremony should be performed with due dignity.

The fateful events leading to the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur intervened, and in the changed circumstances it was not possible for the young Guru to go to Lahore. Therefore a temporary encampment was raised near the village of Basantgarh, 10 km north of Anandpur, and named Guru ka Lahore where the nuptials were held on 23 Har 1734 Bk/21 June 1677.

On 30th March 1699, Guru Gobind Singh created Khalsa at Anandpur. He declared that this Khalsa will be both Saints as well as Soldiers. When Gobind Singh was preparing amrit (nectar) for initiating the Khalsa, on this occasion , stirring clean water in an iron bowl with a Khanda or double-edged sword, Mata Jitoji, as the tradition goes, came with sugar crystals which were dropped into the vessel at the Guru's bidding. Sweetness was thus added to the alchemy of steel. Mata Jito ji was the first Khalsa Woman.

Three sons were born to Mata Jito ji — Jujhar Singh (14March 1691), Zorawar Singh (17 November 1696) and Fateh Singh (25 February 1699). Mata Jito Ji raised her three sons on the martyrdom tales of their grandfather Guru Tegh Bahadur and great great grandfather Guru Arjan Dev ji. She told them a Sikh never runs from a battle field. It was because of her teachings that all her three sons attained Martyrdom Jujhar Singh when was only 15 years old fighting with Mughals at Chamkaur, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh who were only 9 and 6 years old at the hands of Wazir Khan, Mughal Governor of Sirhind, when the young Sahibzades would not convert to Islam, and both attained Shaheedi (Martyrdom).

Mata Jito Ji aka Mata Ajeet Kaur Ji, after a lot of Nam Simran and Abhiaas, she knew what was to happen in the future, she saw the martyrdom of her elder and younger sons, She told Guru Gobind Singh Ji, about the Future, which was to be very hard, for her to live to see her sons becoming Shaheed, So She permission from Guru Gobind Singh Ji, that if she could leave her body, for Sachkhand, as she could not tolerate, the hard times ahead. Mata Ajeet kaur Ji, left this world for Sachkhand, at Anandpur Sahib on 5 December 1700, years before the martyrdom of her sons or the events leading to the battle of Chamkaur. The cremation took place at Agampura, near the Holgarh Fort. A memorial shrine now stands upon the spot. First building was built, by the Sikhs, Prior to 1947. The Present Gurdwara Mata Ajeet kaur Ji, was rebuilt, in between 1966-1972, completed in 1972.

Claims by Modern Sikhs

Modern Scholars claims that Guru Gobind Singh have only one marriage and Mata Jito and Mata sundar both are same. They give the reason that Mata Gujar Kaur gave Sundari name to Mata Jito as she was very beautiful and this was tradition of punjab. ?

The sources which refers Mata Jito and Mata Sundri are seperate personalities are Gur Partap Suraj Granth by Bhai Santokh Singh, Twarikh Guru khalsa Giani Gian Singh, Bansavalinama Dasan patshahiyan Ka by Kesar Singh Chibber, Mahankosh By Kahn Singh Nabha, Encyclopedia of Sikhism by Harbas Singh of Patiala University, Memorial related to marriage at Guru ka Lahore, Memorial Related to Death at Anandpur. But if it was so why such great PUNJABI historians didn't wrote these facts or should we say were they so illiterate of punjabi culture? they wrote huge granths and don't know about punjabi culture

There's gurdwara sahib called Gurdwara mata Jito Ji at anandpur where last rites of mata ji was performed and Mata sahib Kaur ji last rites were performed at Gurdwara bala Sahib Delhi. Mata Sundri's last rights were performed in Delhi.

References

  1. Gur Partap Suraj granth by bhai Santokh Singh
  2. Twarikh Guru khalsa Giani Gian Singh
  3. Bansavalinama Dasan patshahiyan Ka by Kesar Singh Chibber
  4. Mahankosh By Kahn Singh nabha
  5. Encyclopedia of Sikhism by Harbas Singh of Patiala University
  6. Memorial related to marriage at Guru ka Lahore
  7. Memorial Related to Death at Anandpur
  8. Gurdwara where Ajeet Kaur was cremated