Kamboj

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ਜਾਣਹੁ ਜੋਤਿ ਨ ਪੂਛਹੁ ਜਾਤੀ ਆਗੈ ਜਾਤਿ ਨ ਹੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (ਪੰਨਾ 349, ਸਤਰ 13, Nanak)

Sikhism does not endorse caste based distinctions in society that lead to unequal opportunities for some people. In fact, Sikhism completely rejects class or race based distinctions between humans, that leads us to make an inequitable society. Such distinctions have surfaced only due to ill interests of certain section of people, who, on the pretext of making a society more manageable through these classifications, eventually paved the way to an unequal grouping within the human race. This article is just for information purpose and to share how people from different castes came into the Sikh fold. So, please treat this article as a source of general information about this issue and kindly do not amend this article to highlight this important underlying Sikh principle. If you have any comments, please discuss them appropriately here

The Kambojs are a Northern Indian ethnic tribe that inhabits the Punjab, also related to Ancient Persia and Vishnu god. In Old Era & Modern Era Period in Punjab Sikh Kamboj Professions were Eye Spirit Workers, Ghost Spirit Workers, Ghost Hearing Spirit Workers, Aroma Sticks Worshippers

The Kamboj or Kamboh people are the modern representatives of ancient Kambojas, a well known Kshatriya tribe of Indo-Aryans, stated to have had both Indian as well as Iranian affinities and mentioned in ancient Sanskrit texts and epigraphy.

The Kambojas were an Indo-European Kshatriya tribe of Iron Age India, frequently mentioned in (post-Vedic) Sanskrit and Pali literature, making their first appearance in the Mahabharata and contemporary Vedanga literature (roughly from the 5th century BCE). Their Kamboja Kingdoms were likely located in regions on both sides of the Hindukush (see Kamboja Location).

They apparently qualify as an Indo-Iranian people, better as Iranians, cognate to the Indo-Scythians. “It seems from some inscriptions that the Kambojas were a royal clan of the Sakas better known under the Greek name of Scyths”.

In the wake of Indo-Scythian invasion of India during the pre-Kushana period, Kambojas appear to have migrated to Bengal, Sri Lanka and Cambodia in the period spanning the 2nd century BCE and the 5th century CE. Their descendants held various principalities in Medieval India, the one in north-west Bengal being seized, around middle of tenth century CE, from the Palas in Bengal.

Their Muslim counter-parts living in Pakistan mostly use Kamboh instead. The Kambojs/Kambohs are the modern reprentatives of ancient Kambojas, a well known Kshatriya tribe of Indo-Aryans, stated to have had both Indian as well as Iranian affinities [1].


Traditions

Hindu Kambohs are related to the Rajputs. They came in the period of Mahabharat to the regions where they live now.

Agriculturists

Numerous foreign and Indian writers have described the modern 'Sikh Kambojs'/Kambohs as one of the finest class of agriculturists of India.[6]

The majority of Krishi Pandit awards in Rajasthan/India have been won by the Kamboj agriculturists. Col Lal Singh Kamboj, a landlord from Uttar Pradesh, was the first Indian farmer to win the Padma Shri award for progressive farming in 1968.

Kamboh Sikhs

The Kambohs, who number about 150,000, are found mostly in the districts of Karnal, Umballa, Jullunder, Montgomery, Lahore and Amritsar. They are agriculturists by profession, and have a very high reputation as such.

About twenty-three per cent, of them are Sikhs by religion, thirty-seven per cent, are Mahomedans, and forty per cent, are Hindus. Kamboh Sikhs are very numerous in Kapurthala, and they make very good soldiers, being of fine physique, and plucky.

Among the other rural landowning castes among Sikhs, prominent ones are Jat, Mahton, Saini and Kamboh. These castes were also recruited in the Royal Indian Army in the colonial period in large numbers and were considered good soldiers .

All of these castes have pockets of their influence and dominance in certain districts where they exclusively own a number of villages , but on the whole they are numerically overshadowed by Jats all over Punjab. Sainis have their stronghold in Hoshiarpur , Gurdaspur and Ropar districts where they hold and dominate significant number of villages. Mahtons hold a number of villages in Kapurthala, Jalandhar and also Hoshiarpur.

Similarly, Kamboh lead in a number of villages near Sunam, Philaur , Kapurthala and Nakodar. Famous Indian freedom fighter and martyr Sardar Udham Singh was a Kamboh.

History of Sikh Kambojs

Sikh Kambojs their reverence for the famous Misl leader, Baba Deep Singh (1793-1881), who was a Kamboj.

Notable Kamboj Politicians and Miscs

Udham Singh, Bhai Tehal Singh Dhanju, Rupinder Handa

Kamboj Clans

Angiarey, Bajye, Chandi, Chatrath, Chimbe, Dhanju, Dhoat, Jaiya, Jakhpal, Jammu, Jossan, Judge, Handa, Hullar, Kambo, Kamboj, Khinda, Khinde, Kaura, Kayar, Latamba, Mardak, Mehrok, Mutti, Nagpal, Nanda, Nehra, Nibber, Pandhu, Patanrai, Sama, Sandha, Sandhay, Shahi, Thind, Turna, Unmal,

Social Groups

Rajput ♣♣ Khatri ♣♣ Lohar ♣♣ Kumhar ♣♣ Nai ♣♣ Chamar ♣♣ Arora ♣♣ Bhatra ♣♣ Agrawal ♣♣ Bania ♣♣ Sindhi ♣♣ Saini ♣♣ Julaha