Guru Maneo Granth

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With his words "Guru Maneyo Granth", Guru Gobind Singh installed Adi Granth as the new Sikh Guru, Guru Granth Sahib

Guru Maneyo Granth (English: Consider the Granth to be the Guru), refers to the historic statement of the 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji (1666–1708), shortly before his death affirming the sacred text, Adi Granth, as his successor, thus terminating the line of human Gurus. Installed as the Guru Granth Sahib Ji, it is now the central text of Sikhism, and the eternal Guru of all Sikhs. It is central to Sikh worship as it is said to imbibe a living spirit of the Ten Sikh Gurus. [1].

Guru Gobind Singh had written this Dohra at Hazoor Sahib. He wrote this Dohra after giving Gur Gaddi to Guru Granth Sahib and original text is at Hazoor Sahib and this is being read there since 10th Guru's time. This Dohra is also written in Giani Gian Singh's book and perhaps also in Biaji Mkut Sakhi 10. The Dohra is also quoted in a few Rehitnamas.

A Rehitnama is a Hukam or Order, of the Guru which has been scribed by the Sikhs who were close to the Gurus at the time. Just as a Judge announces a judgement but the the Recorder or Secretary records the judgement on paper, similarly Rehitnamas are the judgements and instructions of Guru Sahib which have been scribed and recorded by the Gursikh companions of Guru sahib at the time.

The Historic event

The event on 20 October 1708 at Nanded (in present-day Maharashtra), when Guru Gobind Singh installed Adi Granth as the Guru of Sikhism, was recorded in a Bhatt Vahi (a bard's scroll) by an eyewitness, Narbud Singh,[2][3][4], and is now celebrated as Gur Gaddi (Guru Gaddi Divas), and statement is part of the central chant, "Sabh Sikhan ko Hukam Hai, Guru Maneyo Granth" [5]. The month of October in 2008 marked the tercentenary year of Guruship of Guru Granth Sahib and was marked by major celebrations by Sikhs worldwide [6], and especially at Takht Sri Hazur Sahib, Nanded saw year long celebrations [7].

Adi Granth to Guru Granth Sahib

Illuminated Adi Granth folio with nisan of Guru Gobind Singh. The manuscript is of the Lahore recension, late 17th to early 18th century.


Punjabi: "ਸੱਬ ਸਿੱਖਣ ਕੋ ਹੁਕਮ ਹੈ ਗੁਰੂ ਮਾਨਯੋ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ"
Transliteration: "Sab sikhan kō hukam hai gurū mānyō granth"
English: "All Sikhs are commanded to take the Granth as Guru."
Guru Gobind Singh, October, 1708, Nanded

The composition of this sacred Granth contains the Bani of six Gurus of the Sikh faith and some Bhaktas and saints. It was composed in this form in the year of 1604 with the addition of Guru Tegh Bahadur's Bani (sacred composition). And its blessings are sought by the seeker who has a devout heart. The Sikh religion sincerely believes that in each of the succeeding Gurus, the spirit of Guru Nanak Dev Ji was present.

The sacred Granth is installed in all Sikh holy places of worship and treated as presiding presence of Guru, an apostle of Divine Truth. The devotees of congregation in solemn assembly pray and seek blessings of the Supreme. This comes through in the mystical thought of Gurbani and it stands for realization of the Truth. The Gurus' word, known as 'sabad' is taken as the mystic thought of Guru.

In the words of Bhai Gurdas, a great scholar of Guru's time, "In the word is the Guru, and the Guru is in the word (sabad). In other words, the human body was not the Guru but the light of the word (shabad) and within the heart was their real personality." When the human mind dives deeper and deeper into the Guru's word, all mental impurities depart and wisdom of the Guru draws on the human soul. Thereby the devotee attains the divine light and wisdom which makes him to contemplate on God's name (naam). In the light of above realities, the Sikh religion makes the holy Granth as a living master of Sikh Panth.

Before setting for heavenly abode, Sri Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru, the founder of order of Khalsa brotherhood, conferred the Guruship to Sri Granth Sahib as a living Guru of Khalsa. He then sang his self-composed hymn:

:

"Agya bhai Akal ki tabhi chalayo Panth Sabh Sikhan ko hukam hai Guru manyo Granth Guru Granth Ji manyo pargat Guran ki deh Jo Prabhu ko milbo chahe khoj shabad mein le Raj karega Khalsa aqi rahei na koe Khwar hoe sabh milange bache sharan jo hoe."


Translation:

"Under orders of the Immortal Being, the Panth was created. All the Sikhs are enjoined to accept the Granth as their Guru. Consider the Guru Granth as embodiment of the Gurus. Those who want to meet God, can find Him in its hymns. The pure shall rule, and impure will be no more, Those separated will unite and all the devotees shall be saved."

He also offered his obeisance to the sacred Granth. This historic development took place in Oct. 1708 which ensured that the order of Khalsa brotherhood always remained an abiding force for Sikh Panth unity.


Preparations are in full swing at Hazoor Sahib, Nanded to commemorate this historic occasion in a befitting manner. Sikh gentry all over the country and abroad are going to celebrate this occasion with great eagerness and vigour.

First part of the Dohra

The first part of the Dohra is Guru Gobind Singh Ji's Pavitar Bachan (Holy Saying) recorded in BHAI PRAHLAAD SINGH's Rehitnama. This was written at the time when Guru Ji said this bachan by Bhatt Vehi who was one of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji's poets at Hazoor Sahib. Giani Gian Singh later found it and copied it ino his literature's "Twarikh Guru Khalsa" and "Panth Parkash":

  • Agya Bhai Akal Ki Tabe Chalyo Panth
  • As was ordained by the Timeless, thus was established the Panth.
  • Sabh Sikhan Ko Hukam Hai Guru Manyo Granth
  • To all Sikhs, let this be the order, recognize the Granth as your Guru.
  • Guru Granth Ji Manyo Prakat Guran Ki Deh
  • The reverend Guru Granth is the visible body of the gurus
  • Jo Prabh Ko Milbo Chahe Khoj Sabad Mein Leh
  • Those that seek to meet with Vaaheguru, delve into the Shabad

Second part of the Dohra

The second part of the Dohra is Guru Gobind Singh Jee's Pavitar Bachan (Holy Saying) recorded in Bhai Nand Lal's Tankhahnama.

"The Sikh people shall remain free and sovereign, always, non-challenging this position. For, all shall realize, after bitter frustration, that there is no redemption except in the way of the life that the Khalsa upholds!"

Third part of the Dohra

The last part of Dohra: "Raj Karega Khalsa, Aki Rahe Na Koe. Khuar Hue Sabh Milenge, Bache Saran Jo Hoe" is also recorded at the end of Bhai Nand Lal Singh's Rehitnama.

Conclusion

There are some minor differences in some words in the various sources which have recorded Guru Gobind Singh jee's bachan used in the Dohraa which we sing, due to the language and writing style of the scriber. However, the ESSENCE and MESSAGE is all the SAME.

Full Dohra

  • Agya Bhai Akal Ki Tabe Chalyo Panth
  • Sabh Sikhan Ko Hukam Hai Guru Manyo Granth
  • Guru Granth Ji Manyo Prakat Guran Ki Deh
  • Jo Prabh Ko Milbo Chahe Khoj Sabad Mein Leh(in nanaksar it is Jaka *Hirda Shudh Hai khoj Sabad Mein leh)
  • Wahiguru NaM Jahaj Hai Chare So utree Par
  • Jo Sarda Kar Sevnde Guru Par Utaran Har.
  • Raj Karega Khalsa Aki Rahe na Koye
  • Khuar Hoye Sab Milenge
  • Bache Saran Jo hoye.
  • Khand Jake Hath Hai
  • Kalge Sohe Sis
  • So Hamri (Sabhki in next repetation) Raksha Karen
  • Kalgidhar Jagdeesh

in Delhi Sikhs use other four lines and not the part "Khanda Jake Hath" ie

  • Thikar Phor Dilees Sir Prabh Pur Kiya Payan
  • Tegh Bahadur Si Kiriya Kari Nan Kinhu Aan
  • Tegh Bahadur ke chalat bhayo jagat ko sok
  • Hai hai hai sab jag bhayo, jai jai jai sur lok

in Bhai Prahlad Singh's Rehitnama

Bhai Prahlad Singh was a Sikh from Guru Gobind Singh ji's time and the Dohra he wrote was:

  • Agya Bhai Akal Ki Tabe Chalyo Panth
  • Sabh Sikhan Ko Hukam Hai Guru Manyo Granth
  • Guru Khalsa Manyo Prakat Guran Ki Deh
  • Jo Prabh Ko Milbo Chahe Khoj Sabad Mein Leh.

Please note that Bhai Prahlad Singh wrote that Guru Granth Sahib is the Guru, but the Deh (body) of the Guru is the Khalsa. (As Guru Gobind Singh himself said that 5 Khalsa's - Panj Pyare are equal to the Guru)

It was only in the later rehitnamas ( in fact during the late 1700s when the Khalsa did not have the control over the Gurdwaras) that we find the line as Guru Granth ji maneyo pragat guran ki deh ... One of the cause of this is understood by researchers is that many shradhaloo hindus and pandits were serving at these gurudwaras and they (consciously or unconsciously) brought in the hindu Idol worship into simple Sikhi. Because if you start considering Guru sahibs saroop as a body :"DEH" then we will start putting bhog of food , ac rooms , rajaiyan over guru sahib etc etc.....I just hope we just don't start giving Ishnann to guru sahib one day !


Further reading

  • Guru Manyo Granth, by Harnam Dass Sahrai. Lokgeet Prakashan, 1989.

References

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ The making of the eternal Guru
  2. ^ Book -"The Sikhs : Faith, Philosophy and Folks" by Gurbachan Singh and Sondeep Shankar publisher = Roli & Janssen date = 1998 pages = 55 isbn = 81-7436-037-9
  3. ^ book "The Granth be Thy Guru: Guru Maneyo Granth" by Gursharan Singh Kainth year=1999 publisher=Daya Books isbn=8186030972 page=28 [http://books.google.co.in/books?id=j5q-57WsVTkC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Guru+Maneyo+Granth&cd=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false Historical Background of Sri Guru Granth Sahib chapter= 3
  4. ^ Book "Introduction to World Religions" by Christopher Hugh Partridge date = 2005 pages = 223
  5. ^ {{Chants of Guru Maneyo Granth rend the air The Indian Express date=Sep 02, 2004
  6. ^ {{Guru Maneyo Granth by Jagmohan Singh publisher=World Sikh News date=March 19, 2008}}
  7. ^ Non-Sikh family donates van for Gurgaddi Divas fest publisher The Tribune date=November 14, 2007