Sikh Historic Events: January

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January 1

1630: PRAKASH UTSAV, Patshahi Seventh, Guru Har Rai Ji. This is the actual date of Guru Sahib's prakash.

1806: Maharaja Ranjit Singh signed a friendship treaty with the British.

1949: Akali Dal decided to hold a conference in Delhi, on Feb. 20, to expose Sikh grievances.

1961: Number of GurSikhs courting arrest for Punjabi Suba agitation reached 55,000

1999: Akal Takht has intervened in the stand-off between the SAD and the SGPC Presidents by issuing a "hukamnama" - a religious edict - directing that status quo should be maintained till April 15 next.

January 2

1741: Bhai Sukha Singh and Mehtab Singh beheaded Massa Rangadh to put an end to the ongoing desecration of the Sri Harmandir Sahib.

1925: Canadian GurSikhs joined the Jaito Morch at Sri Akal Takhat. GurSikhs from several other countries also participated in this morcha.

1978: Four Nihang Singhs were killed at Pundri, Haryana.

January 3

1588: The foundation stone of Sri Darbar Sahib was laid by Sain Mia Mir.

January 4

1980: Gurbachan Singh (Nirankari) and 64 associates accused in the case of the murder of 13 Sikhs on April 13, 1978 were acquited. This was an important event in that it established the fact that Sikhs could not receive justice in the Punjab.

January 5

1924: A Morcha was launched for the possession of Gurdwara Bhai Pheru.

1873: Janam Din, Bhai Vir Singh, a great Sikh scholar.

2000: The ongoing 'Nanakshahi' calendar conflict between the SGPC and Sikh intellectuals on one side and the Sikh clergy headed by Jathedar of Akal Takht, Giani Puran Singh and the Sant Samaj on the other, took its first casualty today by leaving ordinary Sikhs in utter confusion on the first Gurpurb of the year.

January 6

1846: The Battle of Budowal was fought between the Sikhs and the British.

1989: Sardar Satwant Singh and Kehar Singh were hanged to death. They were co-accused with Sardar Beant Singh for gunning down Indira Gandhi on Oct. 31, 1984.

2000: The seven-member committee constituted to look into various aspects and of the new Nanakshahi calendar today unanimously rejected it and decided that a new Sikh calendar should be prepared keeping in view Panthic sentiments and in conformity with Sikh maryada.

January 7

1924: 62 members of the SGPC were arrested from the precincts of the Sri Darbar Sahib.

1937: The Kirpan Morcha was initieated to seek independence for the Kirpan.

January 8

1685: Janam Din, Baba Aalla Singh, the founder of the Patiala State.

2000: The police has foiled an attempt to kill the Punjab Chief Minister, Mr Parkash Singh Badal, certain other key political leaders and a retired police officer with the arrest of a human bomb identified as Jarnail Singh, a resident of Roadanwali village in Muktsar district.

January 9

1983: Akali Dal organized a convention for GurSikh intellectuals in connection with the "Dharam Yudh" Morcha.

January 10

1770: Sikhs attacked Delhi from the Panipat side.

January 11

1666: Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji was released from prison.

1843: A Friendship Treaty was signed between the Lahore Karbar and Kabul rulers.

1915: Giani Mewa Singh Lopokae was hanged to death.

2000: The UP Government has ordered a magisterial inquiry into the self-immolation by a Sikh youth yesterday and sent the SHO of the local Krishna Nagar police station to the lines, an official spokesman said today.

January 12

1758: Abdul Samand Khan of Sirhind and Baba Aalla Singh reached a mutual agreement.

1982: Harsimran Singh, Chief Organizer of the Dal Khalsa, was arrested. He was tortured by the Indian police and forced to read out a written statement if he wanted to save his life.

2000: The Union Cabinet today approved the setting up of another commission of Inquiry headed by a retired judge of the Supreme Court to probe the 1984 anti-Sikh riots, which broke out in Delhi and other parts of the country following the assassination of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

January 13

1761: Janam Din of Akali Phula Singh Ji.

1764: The Sirhind was conquered by the Khalsa Dal. The younger sahibzadas, Baba Zorawar Singh Ji and Fateh Singh Ji were bricked alive at this place.

1849: The Battle of ChellianWala was fought by the Khalsa Army against the East India Company.

1914: The walls of the Gurdwar RakabGanj were forcibly demolished by the British Government. The resulting Sikh anger culminated in a successful agitation.

January 14

1974: Sant Tirath Singh Ji 'Seva Panthi'was anointed as Mahant of Tikana Bhai Jagta Ji at Goniana Mandi by Mahant Asa Singh Ji himself.

2000: Giani Puran Singh, Jathedar, Akal Takht, performed ardas and led a nagar kirtan to mark 'Parkash Utsav' of Guru Gobind Singh today.

January 16

1766: Sardar Chadhat Singh Sukarchakia killed Hameed Khan and captured Gujrawala.

2000: The Shiromani Akali Dal's Disciplinary Committee, at an unscheduled meeting held here late this evening, expelled three former Ministers and one MLA from the primary membership of the party and also issued show-cause notice to two other MLAs.

2000: The two-hour long stormy emergency meeting, held at Akal Takht secretariat, unanimously decided to form an 11-member committee, headed by Dr Kharak Singh of Dharam Parchar Committee to prepare a detailed report on the controversial Nanakshahi Calendar. The committee will submit its report to the five Sikh high priests by March 15.

January 17

1766: Jahan Khan attacked Amritsar but was defeated at Putlighar, on the outskirts of Amritsar, by the united forces of the Sikh Misls.

1846: The Khalsa Army ransacked a British garrison at Ludhiana.

1925: An Akali Jatha of 500 devoted GurSikhs, led by Lakha Singh JahanShahn, was stoped from proceeding to Gangsar, Jaito.

1927: The SGPC was statutorily recoginized.

1977: The Akali Dal morcha launched against Indira Gandhi's emergency of 1975, was successfully concluded.

2000: The two-hour long stormy emergency meeting, held at Akal Takht secretariat, unanimously decided to form an 11-member committee, headed by Dr Kharak Singh of Dharam Parchar Committee to prepare a detailed report on the controversial Nanakshahi Calendar. The committee will submit its report to the five Sikh high priests by March 15.

January 18

1661: Janam Din Bhai Himmat Singh, one of the initial Panj Pyares.

1774: Jathaedar Baghael Singh captured Delhi and raised the Kesri Nishan Sahib over the Red Fort.

1841: Maharaja Sher Singh was crowned at the age of 14.

1872: 50 Namdhari Singhs, accused of successionist acts were blown up with tanks.

1872: Baba Ram Singh was exiled from India to Rangoon, Burma for leading the Kuka Movement.

2000: Barely a week after a Sikh youth committed suicide before the state assembly, a man today tried to immolate himself in protest against alleged police atrocities.

January 19

1921: The Keys of "Toshakhana" (Guru Khalsa Panth's Treasury) were returned to Baba Kharak Singh, then President of the SGPC. The keys were returned during active diwan in front of the Akal Takhat, by District Authorities in Amritsar.

1935: Sardar Sewa Singh ThikriWala fasted unto death.

January 20

1926: The Babbar Akali case judgement was announced. As a result, 5 Babbar Akalis were ordered to be hanged till death, 11 were sentenced to life imprisonment, and 38 were imprisoned for four years.

January 21

1846: The King of England sent valuable gifts for Maharja Ranjit Singh, as a gesture of friendship.

1846: The Battle of Budowal was fought.

January 22

1848: Mool Raj, Governor of Multan, unsuccessfully revolted against the British government.

1986: The Additioal Session Judge announced judgment in the case of Indira Gandhi's murder. Bhai Santwant Singh and Bhai Kehar Singh were to be hanged to death. The sentence was carried out on Jan. 6, 1989.

January 23

1960: Sardar Tirath Singh accepted shahadat in Delhi.

2000: The Jathedar of Akal Takht, Giani Puran Singh has debarred the 11-member committee on the Nanakshahi calendar from functioning. The committee was formed nine days back. Giani Puran Singh also resusciated the seven-member committee formed by him in December 1999. Sant Mangal Singh of Sat Satlani has been made a member.

January 24

1943: Maharaja Ripudaman Singh of Nabha passed away at Kadia-Kunal.

January 25

1921: The Morcha of Taran Taran marked the beginning of The Gurdwara Reform Movement. Bhai Hazara Singh became the first martyr of the movement..

1999: Giving an edge to the ongoing tussle among Akali leaders, Akal Takht Jathedar Bhai Ranjit Singh today summoned Prof Manjit Singh, Jathedar Sri Kesgarh Sahib (Anandpur Sahib) Barjindar Singh, Managing Editor of Daily Ajit and Major Singh, Senior Staff Correspondent of Daily Ajit at Akal Takht on February 11.

2000: In a move without precedent in the annals of Sikhism, Giani Puran Singh, Jathedar, Akal Takht, "excommunicated" Bibi Jagir Kaur, President Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee from the Sikh Panth.

January 26

1921: Sikhs assumed control of Sri Darbar Sahib, Taran Taran.

1950: Republic Day of India. In 1929, the Indian National Congress under the leadership of Jawaharial Nehru had promised to seek total independence. This meeting was held on the banks of the river Ravi in Lahore. Although Sikhs participated fully and made numerous sacrifices for this independence struggle, their own independence remains unfulfilled and is in question.

January 27

1682: Janam Din Baba Deep Singh Ji Shaheed.

1846: The Anglo- Sikh battle of Aliwal was fought. The Sikhs suffered severe losses due to internal dissensions.

January 28

1520: Guru Nanak Dev arrived at Mecca, the center of Islam.

1757: Baba Aalla Singh and Sardar Chadhat Singh together attacked the forces of Abdali and rescued the Hindu women that were being forcible kidnapped.

2000: The SHSAD regards as "divine retribution" the excommunication of Bibi Jagir Kaur by Giani Puran Singh from the Sikh panth and SHSAD leader, Mr Prem Singh Chandumajra, a close aide of Mr Tohra said as much here today. "Whosoever defies Akal Takht, the seat of the Timeless and tries to lower its prestige and dignity is bound to come to grief. And this is just what has happened in the case of Bibi Jagir Kaur and Giani Puran Singh, both of whom were hand-picked by Mr Badal himself to occupy these august positions...."

January 29

1925: The 14th Akali Jatha of 500 GurSikhs, led by S. Darshan Singh Pheruman, courted arrest upon reaching Gangsar, Jaito.

1976: The Articles of Organization for the Sikh Dharma Brotherhood were promligated in Los Angeles.

January 30

1855: Baba Dayal Singh Nirankari passed away.

January 31

1922: Sikhs gained management control fo Gurdwara Guru Ka Bagh.

1927: Saint Attar Singh passed away.