Miri Sword vs Piri Sword

From SikhiWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

The sword's traditional use is as a weapon. A weapon which has been used for both evil and non evil purposes. Guru Sahibans and devotees have explained that there are two types of sword. Piri is one type of Sword, which was introduced by Bhagats who continued to supply this sword to the people. Guru Nanak passed this sword to Lehna and so on. The sword of Piri is a Sword of Wisdom; a Spiritual Sword that does not hang at one's side as a piece of metal. It's Formless Sword and take form on heart of person after attaching himself with Gurmat and kill inner vices.

The Sword called Miri was introduced by Guru Hargobind to use in the fight against evil. Guru Sahib continued to pass these two differing types of swords to the successive Gurus.

Let us fully understand the difference between these two swords:

S. No. Concept
Miri Sword
Piri Sword
1 Other names It is also called Temporal or Worldly Sword, also called Talwar, Kharag in common language It is also called Sword of Wisdom, also called Gyan Kharag
2 Place to keep This sword resides in Scabbard or Sword Belt of warriors. This sword resides in Mind and heart of Saints, the warriors who fight an internal battle.
3 Way to attain In Sikhism, People generally wear this sword (the Kirpan) after baptism. A person gets this sword after having gained a full knowledge of Gurmat (Spiritual Wisdom).
4 Functions Used for Defence
Used to save others from tyranny
Used to Save Honour
Used to kill Ignorance
Used to kill all innner vices and deamons
Used for preaching so that other listen and use this sword.
5 Made of Iron and other metals Made of Gyan i.e Wisdom, and with Shabad, you can sharpen it.
6 Looks
Swordj.JPG
SGGS19.jpg
7 Founder Guru HarGobind introduced this sword to the Sikh way of life. Inner soul if attain wisdom then one can attain this sword, this sword is given in written form by devotees and guru and it take it's form inside person.
8 History Guru HarGobind, firstly adopted this Sword along with sword of Piri (Spiritual Sword) and He gave both swords to further Gurus. This Sword travelled through Devotees and Nanak after enlightenment and gave the sword of wisdom to Angad dev, then angad dev to Amardass and so on
9 Guru Granth Sahib References Lines in Guru Granth Sahib about this Temporal Sword:

ਮ੝ਗਲ ਪਠਾਣਾ ਭਈ ਲੜਾਈ ਰਣ ਮਹਿ ਤੇਗ ਵਗਾਈ ॥
The battle raged between the Mogals and the Pat'haans, and the swords clashed on the battlefield.
Gurbani basically describe this type of sword, like:

1) ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗ੝ ਲੈ ਮਨ ਸਿਉ ਲੂਝੈ ਮਨਸਾ ਮਨਹਿ ਸਮਾਈ ਹੇ ॥੩॥

Taking up the sword of spiritual wisdom, she struggles with her mind, and hope and desire are smoothed over in her mind. ||3||

2) ਹਾਥਿ ਖੜਗ੝ ਕਰਿ ਧਾਇਆ ਅਤਿ ਅਹੰਕਾਰਿ ॥
With sword in hand, and with great egotistical pride, Prahlaad's father ran up to him.

10 Dasam Granth References About Worldly Sword, Guru Gobind Singh wrote in Bachitar Natak how it cut's evils:

ਤਹਾ ਨੰਦ ਚੰਦੰ ਕੀਯੋ ਕੋਪ੝ ਭਾਰੋ ॥ ਲਗਾਈ ਬਰਛੀ ਕ੝ਰਿਪਾਣੰ ਸੰਭਾਰੋ ॥
Then Nand Chand (the Guru's Diwan), in fierce rage, wielding his sword struck it with force.

ਤ੝ਟੀ ਤੇਗ ਤ੝ਰਿਖੀ ਕਢੇ ਜਮਦਢੰ ॥ ਹਠੀ ਰਾਖਯੰ ਲਜ ਬੰਸੰ ਸਨਢੰ ॥੮॥
But it broke. Then he drew his dagger and the tenacious warrior saved the honour of the Sodhi clan.8.
In ShastarNam Mala, it's mentioned:

ਅਸ ਕ੝ਰਿਪਾਨ ਖੰਡੋ ਖੜਗ ਤ੝ਪਕ ਤਬਰ ਅਰ੝ ਤੀਰ ॥
ਸੈਫ ਸਰੋਹੀ ਸੈਹਥੀ ਯਹੈ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਪੀਰ ॥੩॥

As clearly mention, These all are Weapons of Piri and one can get their meanings with help of Guru Granth Sahib.

A Belief

There is a belief that Guru Hargobind wore two swords, to which he gave the name Miri and Piri. It is true that he had two swords but both swords were not worldly swords. Miri Swords reside in his Sword Belt, and Piri Swords resides in his heart. He gave piri sword which means he preached Gurmat to people and on the other side he armed his devotees with the Miri sword to use as a weapon against tyranny.

Yes, If the Guru Sahib had two Iron swords with him, than those were both Miri Swords. All swords of iron and all worldly weapons are related to Miri.

He had Spiritual Wisdom, Gurbani Gyan, Prema Bhagti i.e Piri Sword.