Four forms of birth

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The Sikh faith believes in the four forms of birth which are listed in their holy scripture call the Guru Granth Sahib. These four types of birth are: Andaj or ਅੰਡਜ s ; Jeraj or ਜੇਰਜ s ; Utbhuj or ਉਤਭ੝ਜ s  and Setaj or ਸੇਤਜ s 

  • Andaj or ਅੰਡਜ refers to the form of birth from egg; the word 'andah' means 'egg'; e.g. birds, fish, snakes


  • Jeraj or ਜੇਰਜ refers to the form of birth from the womb; or birth canal; viviparous - Giving birth to living offspring that develop within the mother's body eg Mammals, sharks, etc
  • Utbhuj or ਉਤਭ੝ਜ refers to the form of birth from the earth; soil or rocks; eg: plants, the vegetable kingdom, etc
  • Setaj (ਸੇਤਜ s ) refers to the form of birth which is from bodily secretion, involves heat or "sweat" - ਪਸੀਨੇ/ਮ੝ੜਕੇ ਤੋਂ ਪੈਦਾ ਹੋਝ ਜੀਵ (ਜੂਆਂ ਆਦਿਕ). microbes, bacteria, etc

Gurbani

ਅੰਡਜ ਜੇਰਜ ਉਤਭ੝ਜਾਂ ਖਾਣੀ ਸੇਤਜਾਂਹ ॥
Andaj jeraj uṯ▫bẖujĝʼn kẖĝṇī seṯjĝʼnh.
the four sources of creation - born of eggs, born of the womb, born of the earth and born of sweat;


See also