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'''Ugardanti''' {{pa|ਉਗ੝ਰਦੰਤੀ}} is a composition which is present only in [[Dasam Granth|Dasam Granth Bir Patna Sahib]] that was composed by [[Guru Gobind Singh]]. There are 6 [[Chandd]]s of this [[bani]] ending with [[Chopai]].
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{{Dasam Granth Sidebar}}
 
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'''Ugardanti'''(PA: ਉਗ੝ਰਦੰਤੀ) is a composition which is present only in [[Dasam Granth|Dasam Granth Bir Patna Sahib]]. There are 6 Chandds of this bani.  
===Etymology===
 
Ugardanti, a feminine term, is made of two terms:
 
* '''Ugar''' {{sdd|ਉਗ੝ਰ}} means Dangerous/Strong/Fierce/Intense. <ref name=ugar_Mahankosh>Mahaankosh : Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha</ref>
 
* '''Danti''' {{sdd|ਦੰਤੀ}} means Tooth.<ref name=ugar_Mahankosh>Mahaankosh : Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha</ref> It also means Tooth against Tooth. <ref name=ugar_sansenglish>[http://books.google.com/books?id=zUezTfym7CAC&pg=PA469&dq=danti+sanskrit&hl=en&ei=9mTETMD7N4Gs8Abt943MBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=danti%20sanskrit&f=false A Sanskrit-English dictionary]</ref>
 
 
 
Ugardanti means strong and fierce teeth which destroy Sins, lies, Negativity, Wickedness, Cowardliness and bring worse people on way.
 
 
 
In Gurmat vision the term is explained as follows :<br>
 
#In Guru Granth Sahib, on page 1082, Guru Nanak said that ''The Protector who tears apart demons with His teeth, the Upholder of the earth. '' <ref name=ugar_gurugranth>[http://www.srigranth.org/servlet/gurbani.gurbani?Action=Page&Param=1082&english=t&id=46425#l46425 Baba Nanak: Guru Granth Sahib]</ref>. Guru Ram Das also explained the Ugar ace, fierce face of god, ''One whose mind is satisfied with the Lord that servant is known throughout the four ages, in all four directions. If some sinner speaks evil of him, the Messenger of Death chews him up.''.<ref name=ugar_gurugranth998>[http://www.srigranth.org/servlet/gurbani.gurbani?Action=Page&Param=998&english=t&id=42708#l42708 RamDass:Adi Granth:Page 998]</ref>. This is Ugar Face of Hukam, which saves Saintly people and destroy evils.
 
#In Dasam Granth, Guru Gobind Singh mentioned in Akal Ustat that ''All those Prophets, saints and hermits, who came into being, were all ultimately '''crushed under the grinder tooth of KAL.29.''''' <ref name=ugar_dasamgranth>[http://www.sridasam.org/dasam?Action=Page&p=99&english=t&id=66899 Guru Gobind Singh: Dasam Granth]</ref>
 
 
 
Ugardanti is attributed as Will power/Command of God i.e one aspect of Akal Purakh, which have power to crush everything in the world. This is popular phrase "to come under jaws","Out of the jaws of death", these jaws are attributed as Hukam. For Eg. Earthquake in haiti killed thousand of Innocent people, Tsunami occured and ate up thousand of people. This is Ugardanti Face of God.
 
 
 
Gurmat is the command of Nirankar/God.<ref name=ugar_gurugranth22>[http://www.srigranth.org/servlet/gurbani.gurbani?Action=Page&Param=22&punjabi=t&id=907#l907 Baba Nanak: Guru Granth Sahib Page - 22]</ref> Gurmat has power to cut all vices, So Gurmat itself functions as Ugardanti.
 
  
 
===History===
 
===History===
 
* In Bansavalinama, written in 1769 CE, author, Kesar Singh Chibbar, explains and quotes a few passages from the rare composition Ugardanti, which was written by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. <ref name=ugar_bansali>Bansavalinama Dasan Patshahian Ka - Kesar Singh Chibber</ref>
 
* In Bansavalinama, written in 1769 CE, author, Kesar Singh Chibbar, explains and quotes a few passages from the rare composition Ugardanti, which was written by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. <ref name=ugar_bansali>Bansavalinama Dasan Patshahian Ka - Kesar Singh Chibber</ref>
 
   
 
   
* An opinion existed that Ugardanti bani was composed by head Priest of Patna Sahib, Bhai Sukha Singh which later on added in  ''Dasam granth Patna Sahib Bir'', but as Bhai Sukkha Singh added many banis of Guru Gobind Singh after it so this opinion is not possible, moreover work style, terminology and concept of Ugardanti is almost similar to other compositions of Guru Gobind Singh like Ath Pakhyan Chariter likhyaty, Charitar 1, <ref name=ugar_bansali>[http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Chandi_Charitar_%28Charitropakhyan%29 Read Charitar on Sikhiwiki ]</ref> and other Chandi Chariters.
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* The ‘Ugardanti Bani’ is part of [[Akali Nihang]] and [[Namdhari]] daily liturgy.
 
 
* The ‘Ugardanti Bani’ is part of Akali Nihang and Namdhari daily liturgy.
 
 
 
* Acc. to Nihung Tradition, This bani was given by Guru Gobind Singh to inspire some of his weaker followers (Sikhs), so that they would be able to fight against tyranny.
 
  
* Ugardanti was composed, after creation of Khalsa Panth.<ref name=ugar_chand6>Bhagvati Chand 6 - Line 17</ref>
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* Acc. to Nihung Tradition, This bani was given by Guru Gobind Singh to weak person, so that they able to fight war against tyranny.
  
===Key Facts===
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===Mangal===
====Mangal====
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Manglacharan is starting of Bani. The Bani started with:<br>
Manglacharan is starting of Bani. The Bani starts with:<br>
 
  
 
ੴ ਵਾਹਿਗ੝ਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹਿ ॥<br>
 
ੴ ਵਾਹਿਗ੝ਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹਿ ॥<br>
वाहिगढ़रू जी की फतहि ॥<br>
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वाहिगढ़रू जी की फतहि ॥<br>
 
The Lord is one and the Victory is of the Lord.
 
The Lord is one and the Victory is of the Lord.
  
  
 
ਸ੝ਰੀ ਭਗਉਤੀ ਜੀ ਸਹਾਇ ॥<br>
 
ਸ੝ਰੀ ਭਗਉਤੀ ਜੀ ਸਹਾਇ ॥<br>
सढ़री भगउती जी सहाइ ॥<br>
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सढ़री भगउती जी सहाइ ॥<br>
May the Bhagauti Helps
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May the Bhagauti = Gurumatt Helps
  
This suggest the interpretation will fully on base of Gurmat.
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===Ending===
====Ending====
 
 
The bani Ends with following node:<br>
 
The bani Ends with following node:<br>
  
 
ਸ੝ਰੀ ਇਤਿ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਵਿਰਾਚਿਤੇ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਭਗਵਤੀ ਛੰਦ ਖਸਤਮੰ ਸਮਾਪਤੰ ਸਤ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ || ੬ ||<br>
 
ਸ੝ਰੀ ਇਤਿ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਵਿਰਾਚਿਤੇ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਭਗਵਤੀ ਛੰਦ ਖਸਤਮੰ ਸਮਾਪਤੰ ਸਤ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ || ੬ ||<br>
शढ़री इति गोबिंद सिंह विराचिते शढ़री भगवती छंद खशटम  समापढ़तम सत सढ़भम सत || ६ ||<br>
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शढ़री इति गोबिंद सिंह विराचिते शढ़री भगवती छंद खशटम  समापढ़तम सत सढ़भम सत || ६ ||<br>
 
Bhagvati Chand Narrated by Guru Gobind Singh Completed with Benediction.
 
Bhagvati Chand Narrated by Guru Gobind Singh Completed with Benediction.
  
Guru Gobind Singh himself mentioned his name at last of this Composition.
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==References==
 
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{{Reflist}}
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
* [http://www.5abi.com/mchetna/sikh/uggardanti1_main.htm Read Ugardanti Bani Online]
 
* [http://www.sikhnet.com/audio/ugardanti Ugardanti Recitation by Giani Mehtaab Singh]
 
 
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cheKwAIqFZE Ugardanti Bani Recitation]
 
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cheKwAIqFZE Ugardanti Bani Recitation]
  
==References==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
 
[[category:Dasam Granth]]
 
[[category:Dasam Granth]]

Latest revision as of 18:08, 4 May 2013

Sri Dasam Granth Sahib
(ਦਸਮ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ)

Dasam Granth.jpg

Banis
Jaap - Akal Ustat - Bachitar Natak - Chandi Charitar Ukat(i) Bilas - Chandi Charitar 2 - Chandi di Var - Gyan Parbodh - Chobis Avatar - Brahm Avtar - Rudar Avtar - Sabad Patshahi 10 - 33 Swaiyey - Khalsa Mahima - Shastar Nam Mala - Ath Pakhyan Charitar Likhyate - Zafarnama - Hikayats
Other Related Banis
Bhagauti Astotar - Ugardanti - Sri Kaal Chopai - Lakhi Jungle Khalsa - Asfotak Kabits - Sahansar Sukhmana - Vaar Malkauns Ki - Chandd Patshahi 10
History
Historical Sources - Memorials - Anti Dasam
Philosophical aspects
Idol Worship - Pilgrimages - Chandi - Triya - Shastar
Scholar Views
Singh Sabha Lahore - Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha - Professor Sahib Singh - Bhai Veer Singh - Jarnail Singh Bhindrawale -
Critics
Ram Raaiyas of Payal - Teja Singh Bhasod - Gyani Bhag Singh Ambala - Professor Darshan Singh

Ugardanti(PA: ਉਗ੝ਰਦੰਤੀ) is a composition which is present only in Dasam Granth Bir Patna Sahib. There are 6 Chandds of this bani.

History

  • In Bansavalinama, written in 1769 CE, author, Kesar Singh Chibbar, explains and quotes a few passages from the rare composition Ugardanti, which was written by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. [1]
  • Acc. to Nihung Tradition, This bani was given by Guru Gobind Singh to weak person, so that they able to fight war against tyranny.

Mangal

Manglacharan is starting of Bani. The Bani started with:

ੴ ਵਾਹਿਗ੝ਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹਿ ॥
ੴ वाहिगढ़रू जी की फतहि ॥
The Lord is one and the Victory is of the Lord.


ਸ੝ਰੀ ਭਗਉਤੀ ਜੀ ਸਹਾਇ ॥
सढ़री भगउती जी सहाइ ॥
May the Bhagauti = Gurumatt Helps

Ending

The bani Ends with following node:

ਸ੝ਰੀ ਇਤਿ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਵਿਰਾਚਿਤੇ ਸ੝ਰੀ ਭਗਵਤੀ ਛੰਦ ਖਸਤਮੰ ਸਮਾਪਤੰ ਸਤ ਸ੝ਭਮ ਸਤ || ੬ ||
शढ़री इति गोबिंद सिंह विराचिते शढ़री भगवती छंद खशटम समापढ़तम सत सढ़भम सत || ६ ||
Bhagvati Chand Narrated by Guru Gobind Singh Completed with Benediction.

References

  1. ^ Bansavalinama Dasan Patshahian Ka - Kesar Singh Chibber

External Links