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Reincarnation, also called transmigration of soul, is the rebirth in another body (after physical death), of a person's Soul or spirit into the new body. Its occurrence is a central tenet of Sikhism, other religions, as well as various other philosophies.

The Sikhs believe that the Soul has to transmigrate from one body to another as part of an evolution process of the Soul. This evolution of the Soul will eventually results in a union with God upon the proper purification of the spirit. If one does not perform righteous deeds, ones soul will continue to cycle in reincarnation forever. A being who has performed good deeds and actions in their lives is transmigrated to a better and higher life form in the next life until the soul of the being becomes Godlike. From a human life form, if one performs the proper functions of a Gurmukh, the person can achieve salvation with God. One must cleanse the soul by reciting Naam, by remembrance of Waheguru and by following the path of Gurmat.

SGGS Page 4 Full Shabad
But when the intellect is stained and polluted by sin,

it can only be cleansed by the Love of Naam.
Virtue and vice do not come by mere words;
actions repeated, over and over again, are engraved on the soul.
You shall harvest what you plant.
O Nanak, by God’s Command, we come and go in reincarnation. 20

The view on incarnation does not appear correct.a sikh aims at being a 'mukta',not rolling in reincarnation.while human form may be the result of past action,the aim for future is to become free from avagaman.being a mukta is the highest achievement for a sikh.reincarnation is clearly a brahmanical idea is rejected by sikhism. To forget Waheguru or for follow your primal instincts is to regress in your spiritual evolution. Intellect and mental agility is not a passport to spiritual heaven. Gurbani explains the consequences of deviating from the righteous path:

SGGS Page 19 Full Shabad
Some are very knowledgeable,

but if they do not know the Guru, then what is the use of their lives?
The blind have forgotten Naam.
The self-willed manmukhs are in utter darkness.
Their comings and goings in reincarnation do not end;
through death and rebirth, they are wasting away. 3

Gurbani tells us that the key to the door of salvation is in the hands of the Master, remember the hundred of gifts that He has given us. Remember that it is only due to Waheguru that we have this life as a human beings with this wonderful and miraculous body and mind. God has created the air that we breath; the foods that we eat; the Sun that sustains us; the Earth that is our support. We owe a huge debt to nature and the master Creator. Bani asks us to recite the Shabad and let light enter into our minds:

SGGS Page 124 Full Shabad
Without the Shabad, there is only darkness within.

The genuine article is not found, and the cycle of reincarnation does not end.
The key is in the hands of the True Guru; no one else can open this door.
By perfect destiny, He is met. 7

SGGS Page 251 Full Shabad
This soul has lived in many wombs.

Enticed by sweet attachment, it has been trapped in reincarnation.
This Maya has subjugated beings through the three qualities.
Maya has infused attachment to itself in each and every heart.
O friend, tell me some way,
by which I may swim across this treacherous ocean of Maya.
The Lord showers His Mercy, and leads us to join the Sat Sangat, the True Congregation.
O Nanak, Maya does not even come near. 7

SGGS Page 306 Full Shabad
Those who meditate on You, O True Lord - they are very rare.

Those who worship and adore the One Lord in their conscious minds
- through their generosity, countless millions are fed.
All meditate on You, but they alone are accepted, who are pleasing to their Lord and Master.
Those who eat and dress without serving the True Guru die; after death,
those wretched lepers are consigned to reincarnation.
In His Sublime Presence, they talk sweetly, but behind His back, they exude poison from their mouths.
The evil-minded are consigned to separation from the Lord. 11

SGGS Page 524 Full Shabad
Enduring pleasure and pain, drowned in the great ocean of doubt, you shall wander in numerous reincarnations.

You have lost the jewel of human birth by forgetting God; when will you have such an opportunity again? 3
You turn on the wheel of reincarnation, like an ox at the oil-press; the night of your life passes away without salvation.
Says Kabeer, without the Name of the Lord, you shall pound your head, and regret and repent. 4-1

SGGS Page 537 Full Shabad
False is the love of the many emotional attachments,

which suck the mortal into the whirlpool of reincarnation. 2
All are travellers, who have gathered under the world-tree,
and are bound by their many bonds. 3
Eternal is the Company of the Holy,
where the Kirtan of the Lord`s Praises are sung.
Nanak seeks this Sanctuary. 4-1

SGGS Page 900 Full Shabad
Slandering others, you are totally ruined; because of your past actions, you shall be consigned to the womb of reincarnation.

Your past actions will not just go away; the most horrible Messenger of Death shall seize you. 2.
You tell lies, and do not practice what you preach. Your desires are not satisfied - what a shame.
You have contracted an incurable disease; slandering the Saints, your body is wasting away; you are utterly ruined. 3

Scientific evidence

There have been studies done into reincarnation by hypnotists; some believe that details of past lives can be revealed by subjects when they are under hypnosis. The Bloxham tapes recorded subjects, some of whom were fairly young, under hypnosis in the 1970s. Some of them claimed to have been Jews who had been massacred in 11th century York at Clifford's Tower, and gave details that accorded with all of the expert evidence on the period and also seemed to fill in gaps in the knowledge. The children would have had to have read every book on the period to have known all that they did. In one case, a crypt was discovered in a York church, which had previously been unknown yet matched the description of one of the hypnosis subjects exactly.