Difference between revisions of "Punjab"

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==Geographical regions==
 
==Geographical regions==
  
* Punjab region, an area of South Asia spanning from central Pakistan to north-western India
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* Punjab region, an area of South Asia spanning from central [[Pakistan]] to north-western [[India]]
** [[Punjab (India)]], the part of the Punjab which became part of India
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** [[Punjab (India)]], the part of the Punjab which became part of [[India]] used to consist of present-day Punjab state; also part of [[Haryana]] state.
** [[Punjab (Pakistan)]], the part of the Punjab which became part of Pakistan
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** [[Punjab (Pakistan)]], the part of the Punjab which became part of [[Pakistan]], now predominately called "Punjab Province" in Pakistan
 
* Panjab District, Afghanistan
 
* Panjab District, Afghanistan
 
** Panjab, Afghanistan, capital of Panjab District
 
** Panjab, Afghanistan, capital of Panjab District
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In former countries, states and provinces:
 
In former countries, states and provinces:
  
* Sikh Empire (authoritative)/Punjab Empire (geographic), a former religious monarchy in the region.
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* [[Sikh]] Empire (authoritative)/Punjab Empire (geographic), a former religious monarchy in the region.
 
* Punjab (British India), a former province of British India.
 
* Punjab (British India), a former province of British India.
 
* Punjab Hill States Agency, an administrative unit of British India
 
* Punjab Hill States Agency, an administrative unit of British India
 
* Punjab States Agency, an administrative unit of British India
 
* Punjab States Agency, an administrative unit of British India
 
* Patiala and East Punjab States Union, a former state of India
 
* Patiala and East Punjab States Union, a former state of India
* East Punjab, the part of the Punjab which became part of India
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* East Punjab, the part of the Punjab which became part of [[India]]
* West Punjab, the part of the Punjab which became part of Pakistan
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* West Punjab, the part of the Punjab which became part of [[Pakistan]]
  
 
In other:
 
In other:

Latest revision as of 02:50, 18 February 2018

Punjab or Panjab (etymologically the more accurate form) is derived from the medieval Persian language, in which it means "[land of] five rivers" (panj, "five"; ĝb, "water", cognate with Latin aqua, see OED, "Punjab"; Online Etymological Dictionary, "aqua-"). The original English pronunciation, reflecting the indigenous pronunciation, is [pʌndʒa˝b] (see OED); but there is also a common spelling pronounciation [pundʒa˝b]. Punjab in its various forms may refer to:

Geographical regions

  • Punjab region, an area of South Asia spanning from central Pakistan to north-western India
    • Punjab (India), the part of the Punjab which became part of India used to consist of present-day Punjab state; also part of Haryana state.
    • Punjab (Pakistan), the part of the Punjab which became part of Pakistan, now predominately called "Punjab Province" in Pakistan
  • Panjab District, Afghanistan
    • Panjab, Afghanistan, capital of Panjab District

In former countries, states and provinces:

  • Sikh Empire (authoritative)/Punjab Empire (geographic), a former religious monarchy in the region.
  • Punjab (British India), a former province of British India.
  • Punjab Hill States Agency, an administrative unit of British India
  • Punjab States Agency, an administrative unit of British India
  • Patiala and East Punjab States Union, a former state of India
  • East Punjab, the part of the Punjab which became part of India
  • West Punjab, the part of the Punjab which became part of Pakistan

In other:

  • Punjab lasso, a weapon made of cat gut used to strangle people, mentioned in Gaston Leroux's novel The Phantom of the Opera
  • Punjab, a character in the Little Orphan Annie comic strip, and the musical Annie

See also: