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Raga Maajh

This is the second Raga to appear in the Guru Granth Sahib.The first raga is Sri Raga and the third Raga is Gauri.

It appears on pages 94 to 151 and covers a total of 57 pages.

This raga is attributed to Guru Nanak, who developed it from a Punjabi folk tune. It does not appear in the Ragmala nor does it seem to be a classical raga today. Possibly it has been reserved purely for Gurbani Kirtan. Maajh or Majh was the setting for compositions by Guru Nanak, Guru Angad, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan. This is a regional raga of Manjha- the central portion of the Punjab-and is sung in the afternoon. Here Guru Nanak has given an account of social, cultural and religion conflict between the Hindus and the Muslims in his age. Guru Arjan has composed the calendar - Barah Maha - in this raga. He has dwelt on the characteristics of different months, and the importance of water and milk in the agricultural economy of the punjab. Metaphorically these two things respectively signify that man without devotion and kindness is no good at all.

Section Punjabi English
Aroh: ਸ ਰ ਮ ਪ ਨ ਸ Sa Re Ma Pa Ni Sa
Avroh: ਸ ਨ੝ ਧ ਪ ਧ ਮ ਗ ਮ ਰ ਪ, ਗ੝ ਰ ਗ੝ ਸ ਰ ਨ ਸ Sa NiDha Pa Dha Ma Ga Ma Re Pa, Ga Re Ga Sa Re Ni Sa
Vadi: Ma
Samvadi: Sa