Jaap is the bani (set of hymns) uttered by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the Tenth Sikh Guru, the Tenth Nanak. It is the first bani recorded in Sri Dasam Granth Saahib Ji from Page 1. It is one of the Five Banis recited by most Sikhs each morning and the bani that the Panj Pyare recite while preparing Amrit on the occasion of Amrit Sanchaar (Sikh Initiation), a ceremony held to admit initiates into the Khalsa Brotherhood. It is the second bani of the five in the daily morning prayer routine of a Sikh.
- Bhai Nand Lal's Rehitnama quoted that Sikhs should study Jaap Sahib along with Japji Sahib.
- Chaupa Singh Chibber Rehitnama quoted Sikhs to recite holy hymns of Jaap Sahib in daily liturgy.
- Koer SIngh Gurbilas Patshahi 10, in 1751, quoted the Jaap Sahib written by Guru Gobind Singh at Anandpur Sahib.
Jaap Sahib is made up of 199 verses and is the first Bani of the Sri Dasam Granth Dasam Granth Saahib Ji (p.1-10).
The Jaap Sahib begins with the words:
- "ਸ੍ੀ ਮੁਖਵਾਕ ਪਾਤਿਸਾਹੀ ੧੦ ॥'
- "Sri Mukhwakh Patshahi Dasvee,"
- "By the holy mouth of the Tenth King,"
This line is clearly intended to authenticate Guru Gobind Singh Ji as the author of the Sri Dasam Granth Saahib Ji.
Jaap is a Sanskrit word which means "to utter in a low voice, whisper, mutter (especially prayers or incantations); to invoke or call upon in a low voice." The form of the word here is Japu, which makes it a noun, meaning "meditation on nothing but the Truth; ('God') (or The True God)."
JAAP Sahib Bani
The below baani is written as Greetings to One god
ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥
Waheguru I am writing below baani with your grace
ਸੀ੍ ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹ ॥
Waheguru victory to you
Name of Baani. Note this is a difficult baani to remember given it is written with special words which repeat themselves and are highlighted in Orange below.
This helps in increasing readers brain memory and increase focus into Baani as if you lose focus(dhyaan) the line where you are reading, you will get reset backwards
ਸ੍ੀ ਮੁਖਵਾਕ ਪਾਤਿਸਾਹੀ ੧੦ ॥
Written by the mighty pen of 10th Master, Sri Guru Gobind Singh sahib Maharaj
ਛਪੈ ਛੰਦ ॥ ਤ੍ਵ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥
Below is chandh made of 6 lines. Waheguru with your Kirpa I wrote below lines
ਚੱਕ੍ ਚਿਹਨ ਅਰੁ ਬਰਨ ਜਾਤਿ ਅਰੁ ਪਾਤਿ ਨਹਿਨ ਜਿਹ ॥
No outline or sign is visible about Waheguru or Akal Purakh. Neither any caste or status is known.
ਰੂਪ ਰੰਗ ਅਰੁ ਰੇਖ ਭੇਖ ਕੋਊ ਕਹਿ ਨ ਸਕਤ ਕਿਹ ॥
The looks, color or outline , the appearance of Waheguru or akalprakh cannot be told by anyone.
ਅਚਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਨਭਉ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ ਅਮਿਤੋਜਿ ਕਹਿੱਜੈ ॥
You can only tell this about Waheguru that Waheguru is a figure which doesn’t go anywhere, it is a “experience” in form of light that is self illuminating.
ਕੋਟਿ ਇੰਦ੍ ਇੰਦ੍ਰਾਣਿ ਸਾਹਿ ਸਾਹਾਣਿ ਗਣਿਜੈ ॥
You can also do a simple math like this about Waheguru that Crore or 10 million kings like Indra (kings of god) report into a shah and than all those such shahs report into Waheguru :-) Note: shah is a designation for someone which means multiple kings or raja’s Report in to him. These designations were designed in middle eastern nations and during Mughal rules in 10 -17 Th. centuries.
ਤਿ੍ਭਵਣ ਮਹੀਪ ਸੁਰ ਨਰ ਅਸੁਰ ਨੇਤ ਨੇਤ ਬਨ ਤਿ੍ਣ ਕਹਤ ॥
Three regions (land , water and air) king, God’s of heavens, human beings and all forms of life, waheguru is beyond all these levels. This is what even a small twig in forest has also realized and says it.
ਤ੍ਵ ਸਰਬ ਨਾਮ ਕਥੈ ਕਵਨ ਕਰਮ ਨਾਮ ਬਰਨਤ ਸੁਮਤਿ ॥੧॥
Waheguru all your different names which this world calls you, actually are so many (countless) that who can actually account and say all of them without missing even one? ;-) . Human beings can only say your different names from all the things you have done in history through taking in accounts various deeds you did in past by sending your powers as different avatars e.g. Ram, Krishan etc.
ਭੁਜੰਗ ਪ੍ਰਯਾਤ ਛੰਦ ॥
The chandh written with a tone, tempo or pace mirroring movement of a python or snake
ਨਮਸਤ੍ਵੰ ਅਕਾਲੇ ॥ ਨਮਸਤ੍ਵੰ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾਲੇ ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਰੂਪੇ ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਨੂਪੇ ॥੨॥
Greeting here can be = Hi how are you or salutation, or hello or namaskar
Oh Waheguru you are 1) without death 2) very merciful 3)without any visible mark 4) unique, my greetings to you
ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਭੇਖੇ ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਲੇਖੇ ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਕਾਏ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਜਾਏ॥੩॥
Oh Waheguru you are 1) without any form 2) you don't have written account of past or future on your forehead 3)without any body 4)You are not born from a mother, my greetings to you
ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਗੰਜੇ ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਭੰਜੇ ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਨਾਮੇ ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਠਾਮੇ ॥੪॥
Oh Waheguru you are 1) cannot be destroyed or dis respected 2) You cannot be scared away or forced to accept 3)without any one name 4) Without any one place/home address, my greetings to you
ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਕਰਮੰ ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਧਰਮੰ ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਨਾਮੰ ॥ ਨਮਸਤੰ ਅਧਾਮੰ ॥੫॥
Oh Waheguru you are 1) not pleased by special religious rituals 2) do not belong to one particular religion 3)without any one name4) without any one place/home address, my greetings to you
- See the full version of this bani here
The language of Jaap, is close to the classical (languages of India) with words and compounds drawn from Sanskrit, Brij Bhasha and even Arabic and Persian. The contents of Jaap Sahib, are divided into various Chhands bearing the name of the related meter according to the then prevalent system of prosody in India.
Most of the verses point to the fact that one can only describe God by describing what God is not. As all these verses are in the form of rhymed couplets, the vocabularly and ingenuity of the poet are superb. The opening verse is typical:
- "Thou hast no form or feature,
- No caste or lineage;
- None can describe Thy appearance,
- Colour, mark or garb."
There is an all inclusiveness and universalism that keeps coming to the surface.
- "All" seems to be the key word as the poet breaks through praising God positively:
- "Thou art the source of all light,
- And the object of all praise;
- Thou art the supreme Lord of all,
- And the moon of the Universe."
- Verse 119
|Sri Dasam Granth Sahib|
(ਦਸਮ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ)
|Jaap - Akal Ustat - Bachitar Natak - Chandi Charitar Ukat(i) Bilas - Chandi Charitar 2 - Chandi di Var - Gyan Parbodh - Chobis Avatar - Brahm Avtar - Rudar Avtar - Sabad Patshahi 10 - 33 Swaiyey - Khalsa Mahima - Shastar Nam Mala - Ath Pakhyan Charitar Likhyate - Zafarnama - Hikayats|
|Other Related Banis|
|Bhagauti Astotar - Ugardanti - Sri Kaal Chopai - Lakhi Jungle Khalsa - Asfotak Kabits - Sahansar Sukhmana - Vaar Malkauns Ki - Chandd Patshahi 10|
|Historical Sources - Memorials - Anti Dasam|
|Idol Worship - Pilgrimages - Chandi - Triya - Shastar|
|Singh Sabha Lahore - Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha - Professor Sahib Singh - Bhai Veer Singh - Jarnail Singh Bhindrawale -|
|Ram Raaiyas of Payal - Teja Singh Bhasod - Gyani Bhag Singh Ambala - Professor Darshan Singh|
- "Perfect is Thy discernment.
- All turn to Thee for refuge.
- Thou art the Great Companion;
- Thou art the sure Providence."
- Verse 123
The fervour of the true Bhakta comes out in hailing the immortal as man's companion. Something of the devoutness of the Guru's nature comes to a climax in the concluding verse:
- "Thou fillest and feedest the whole universe,
- Thyself self-existent, auspicious and united with all.
- Thou art the embodiment of mercy;
- Thou art the deliverer from birth and death.
- Thou art man's constant Companion.
- Everlasting is Thy glory!"
Among the thousand names (used for God) there are seventy-five names also used by Muslims. Only a few of these, such as Rahim and Karim, Razakai (Nourisher), Aruv (Pardoner), and Salamai (Peaceful) are among the Muslim's ninety-nine names of Allah, but all the names used would be familiar to Punjabi Muslims. The Mohammadan ear would surely delight in Allah and Nirsharik; Karimur Rahim; Husnul Chirag, Garibun Niwaz; Kamal Karim; Rajak Rahim; Bahistun Niwas; and many such others.
The immortal One is, for Guru Gobind Singh, sometimes the 'wholly Other,' far beyond human comprehension, before whom man can but bow again and again. As the Guru keeps saying what God is not, we may well wander how there can be any communication with that which is so undefinable. The answer is, of course, that God's grace has offered companionship to man, so that man does not have to understand, but only to accept and adore.
Sikhism offers a new path of salvation in addition to the traditional paths of knowledge, work and devotion - the path of Naam (the Name). Meditation on Name produces Wismad, wonder; and the object of such poetry as the Japp Sahib is the creation of the mood of asthetic ecstasy: Sher Singh in the Philosophy of Sikhism writes:
- "It is the poetry and the music of the contents of the Granth, revealing simple and direct truths, which charm a reader of Gurbani...and can bring peace to the soul." "It is the aesthetical insight leading man through appearence to reality." Meditation on the Name is fundamental to Sikhism, and so in this opening hymn of the Dasam Granth, men are given a thousand names on which to meditate.
Jaap Sahib is a rhythmic hymn composed like a necklace of pearls and gems, beauteously arranged around a string: the string is the Supreme God; the pearls and gems are His attributes, excellences, and glories. It basically helps reader do a daily Greetings to Waheguru in 199 verses, just like we do hello to each other. The glories sung by Guru Sahib revolve around the following attributes of God:
- God is metaphysical , beyond time, Eternal, Unborn, Uncreated, Self-existant, and withour form, feature, colour or contour. Therefore, neither can God be described or depicted, nor can anyone make an image or idols of that which is undefinable.
- God's manifestations are universally pervasive. God cannot be confined to any particular place, land, country, religion, race, garb, body or name.
- God is the Creator of the Universe and the laws governing it. Never can anyone be outside the ambit of these laws nor can anyone have the power to oppose them. God's Law and Justice is Righteous and Ultimate.
- God's is pervasive in all that 'He' has created, yet God also extends beyond 'His' creations; God is thus Immanent in His Creation and at the same time Transcends it.
- God is Omnipotent, Omnipresent, and Omniscient; nothing, whether good or evil, can happen outside of the Creator's Will; God is the Creator-Sustainer-Annuller of His Creation. God is the Life of life, the Death of death, the Darkness of darkness, the Light of light.
- Jaap Sahib Bani
- Chands in Jaap Sahib
- ਜਾਪੁ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਕਦੋਂ ਤੇ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਉਚਾਰਿਆ ਗਿਆ? - Punjabi Article by Prof Sahib Singh
- Jaap Sahib in English
- Learn Gurbani
- JaapSahib.mp3 - Download 1.028M or Play 17.32 min
- Audio from www.Sikhnet.com
- Jaswant Singh Parwana - Jaap Sahib Viakhya
- Sant Singh Maskeen - Jaap Sahib Katha
- Darshan Singh (Dhakki Sahib Wale) - Taksali Nitnem - Jaap Sahib
- Jarnail Singh - Damdami Taksal Nitnem - Jaap Sahib
- Rajnarind Kaur - Bani Pro 1
- Sri Jap Sahib By Amrit Kaur Jullundhri and Giani Jiwan Singh Ex-IAF
- Download Punjabi Steek Dasam Granth from Damdami Taksal
- English Translation of Jaap Sahib
- Read articles on Jaap Sahib and the Sri Dasam Granth
- Read Jaap Sahib Online
- Jaap Sahib in Gurmukhi, English and its Transliteration by Sikh Research and Education Center
- English Translation of Jaap Sahib
- Russian Translation by Gobindsadan
- ਜਾਪ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਕਦੋਂ ਤੇ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਉਚਾਰਿਆ ਗਿਆ? ਪਰੋ. ਸਾਹਿਬ ਸਿੰਘ (ਡੀ. ਲਿਟ) Prof. Sahib Singh on Jaap Sahib
- 1. Singh, Dr.Santokh (1990). English Transliteration and Interpretation of Nitnaym Baanees, Sikh Prayers for English Speaking Sikh Youth. Sikh Resource Centre. ISBN 1895471087.
|These are the Popular Banis of Sikhism|
|Banis:||Jaap | Akal Ustat | Bachitar Natak | Chandi Charitar Ukat(i) Bilas | Chandi Charitar 2 | | Chandi di Var | Gyan Parbodh | Chobis Avatar | Brahm Avtar | Rudar Avtar | Shabad Hazarey | 33 Swaiyey | Swayyae| Shastar Nam Mala | Charitropakhyan | Zafarnama | Hikayats|
|History:||Historical References · Guru Gobind Singh · Paonta Sahib · Bhai Mani Singh · Mata Sundri|
|Philosphy:||Idol Worship · Pilgrimages · Chandi · Triya · Shastar · Waheguru|
|Sikh Scholars About Dasam Bani:||Singh Sabha Lahore · Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha · Professor Sahib Singh · Bhai Veer Singh · Jarnail Singh Bhindrawale · Anti Dasam Bani Movement|
|These are the Popular Banis of Sikhism|