Harmandir Sahib

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Bird's eye view of Harimandir Sahib and Amritsar

Harimandir Sahib: Literally "Temple of God" in Punjabi

"Shining in the morning light, the gilded splendour of its panelling and big dome and small minarets, this temple is a fairy world palace to the devotees of the Sikh faith. Certainly, the first look brings onto the innocent eye the image of a transcendent fact. The 'loving sight' peering into heaven from the legends of the miraculous cures by the touch of the water in the pool of nectar, in which the shrine stands makes for ecstatic awareness. The vision has been received by millions of pilgrims who have come here for centuries from near and far." quoted from a devotee

A Gurdwara of historical, spiritual, and emotional significance to Sikhs, called Harimandir Sahib in Punjabi. Guru Amar Das first conceived of it, although construction did not begin until Guru Ram Das became the Guru. The actual construction had modest beginnings: A mud-house was constructed by Guru Amar Das, who is said to have found on the edge of the pool the magical herb which cured a skin ailment of his master Guru Angad. The Amrit Sarovar remained a village tank, until the fourth Guru, Guru Ram Das began to carry out the plans of his mentor for a more permanent structure in brick.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh had the structure plated with gold in the early 19th century for the first time. During 2002, the gold plating was replaced with new gold plates. In 1604, the newly compiled Adi Granth was housed here for the first time. The Fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Dev ji sat on the floor with the rest of the congregation while the Adi Granth was place on a high platform or Takhat. The Indian army attacked this beautiful complex in June 1984 causing severe damage to the Akal Takhat building complex.


A Plan of the Harimandir Sahib Complex

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The Sikh Gurus

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Landscape before the arrival of Guru Amardas


The Struggle Period

Darbar Sahib as seen from Dukh Bhanjan


The Misl Period (1707-1801)

Development during the Misl and Maharaja Ranjit Singh Periods


Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1801-39)

[[Image:Mul-Mantra-GTEntrance.jpg|thumb|The inscription above the outer walls entrance to the Se-Young

The British Period (1849-1947)



"1984" by Amrit and Rabindra Kaur Singh



The Golden Temple

See Also



Component plan of Harimandir Sahib and Surrounding Area

External Links



  • Nomination of Sri Harimandir Sahib for inclusion on the UNESCO World Heritage List Vol.1 Nomination Dossier, India 2003
  • editor and publisher: Swati Mitra (2004). Walking with the Gurus: Historical Gurdwaras of Punjab. Good Earth Publications. ISBN 8187780231.