|The moral of stories in Charitropakhyan are based on Gurmat, Guru's wisdom. There is no historical significance of these stories. A Gurmukh will interpret, analyse and learn from the Gurmat issues and morals highlighted in these stories. No Manmat ideas are acceptable or should be linked to these stories. If you have any comments, please discuss them here|
ਸਣਿ ਸਣਿ ਗੰਢਣ ਗੰਢੀਝ ਲਿਖਿ ਪੜਿ ਬਝਹਿ ਭਾਰ ॥
Again and again, we hear and tell stories; we read and write and understand loads of knowledge,
ਤਰਿਸਨਾ ਅਹਿਨਿਸਿ ਅਗਲੀ ਹਉਮੈ ਰੋਗ ਵਿਕਾਰ ॥
but still, desires increase day and night, and the disease of egotism fills us with corruption.(Page 20)
Charitar 49, also called Tale of Nanad Mati, is a Charitar (tale of trickery) mentioned in Charitropakhyan, a Bani complied by Guru Gobind Singh. It is about a Manmati (self-centred) Lady barber named Nand Mati of Anandpur, who was affected with excessive sexual desire. His husband was a foolish and lethargic person that he does not care of her wife's action. Moreover he was obsessed with false praise done by his own wife. She says him a saint type person and a Saint of dark age of kalyug. In Ego he thought himeslf saint of saints and doesn't care for his wife wrong action and haven't guided her the true way.
Background of Charitropakhyan
Charitropakhyan is conversation between a wise adviser (minister or "manteree" ਮੰਤਰੀ s ) to Raja (king) Chitar Singh; each charitar or trick is mainly in connection with the wiles of women (plus a few connected with men) and other worldly tales of life, in order to save his handsome son Hanuvant from the false accusations of one of the younger ranis (queens). The minister tries to explain to the Raja that there can be trickery in human behaviour and that one needs to analyse the situation carefully before drawing any quick conclusions. Charitar means Function or behavior
Guru Gobind Singh has given these "opakhyan" (already told) stories to Khalsa, as a guide to upholding morality. The tales highlight Human psychology and behavior, by people driven by desires, lust, jealousy and/or greed, ignorance etc. and tell how these evil doers can utilize tricks or deception or charm or other activity to cover their tracks. The purpose of the stories is for us to learn about negative(Manmat) and positive(Gurmat) human behaviour by people who are driven by evil intent. One needs to tread carefully in life and understand the many negative traits exist in some evil doers. These Charitars includes Male and Female Charitars.
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The first part of Charitropakhyan is Chandi Charitar. This is the writing of Guru Gobind Singh describing the positive Charitars of Chandi (Vivek Budhi) and asking for blessing of Almighty before the rest of this bani is narrated. The second tale, Charitar 2 is the narration of the conversation between the The Wise Minister and Raja Chiter Singh. He has a long communication with his Minister on Charitropakhyan lasting for many days.
The First charitar ends with ਇਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਚਰਿਤ੍ਰ ਪਖ੍ਯਾਨੇ ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੍ਰੇ ਪ੍ਰਥਮ ਧ੍ਯਾਇ ਸਮਾਪਤਮ ਸਤੁ ਸੁਭਮ ਸਤੁ ॥੧॥੪੮॥ਅਫਜੂੰ॥ (iti sree charitr pakhyaanay chandee charitray pratham thhyaai samaapatam (ends)- satu subham satu ॥1॥48॥afjoon॥) which means "Here Sri Charitr-pakhyan's Chandi Charitar the first citation ends - true good and true".
All the other charitars end with ਇਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਚਰਿਤ੍ਰ ਪਖ੍ਯਾਨੇ ਤ੍ਰਿਯਾ ਚਰਿਤ੍ਰੇ ਮੰਤ੍ਰੀ ਭੂਪ ਸੰਬਾਦੇ ਦੁਤਿਯ ਚਰਿਤ੍ਰ ਸਮਾਪਤਮ ਸਤੁ ਸੁਭਮ ਸਤੁ ॥੨॥੭੮॥ਅਫਜੂੰ॥ (iti sree charitr pakhyaanay triyaa charitray mantree (minister) bhoop (king) sanbaathay (between) thutiy charitr samaapatam (ends) - satu subham satu ॥2॥78॥afjoon॥) which means "Here Sri Charitr-pakhyan's Triyaa Charitar between Minister and King duality trickery ends - true good and true" This itself shows that these Charitars from number 2 onwards were the discourse between King Chitra Singh and his minister.
Charitar number 2 tells us how a foolish and quick decision which a person takes with their eyes closed, without analysing the situation and not going into the fact of reality; acting foolishly according to the words of their wives, girl-friends or other loved ones can lead to serious injustice and distortion of the truth. Guru Ram Das said such person is foolish -
ਜੋਰਾ ਦਾ ਆਖਿਆ ਪੁਰਖ ਕਮਾਵਦੇ ਸੇ ਅਪਵਿਤ ਅਮੇਧ ਖਲਾ ॥ ਕਾਮਿ ਵਿਆਪੇ ਕੁਸੁਧ ਨਰ ਸੇ ਜੋਰਾ ਪੁਛਿ ਚਲਾ ॥
Jorā ḏā ākẖi▫ā purakẖ kamāvḏe se apviṯ ameḏẖ kẖalā.Kām vi▫āpe kusuḏẖ nar se jorā pucẖẖ cẖalā.
Men who dance to the orders of overbearing women are impure, filthy and foolish.
Enslaved by lust, these impure men walk according to their women's wishes.
ਆਨੰਦ ਪਰ ਨਾਇਨ ਇਕ ਰਹਈ ॥ ਨੰਦ ਮਤੀ ਤਾ ਕੋ ਜਗ ਕਹਈ ॥
A female barber lived in Anandpur, she was known in the world as Nand Mati.
ਮੂਰਖ ਨਾਥ ਤਵਨ ਕੋ ਰਹੈ ॥ ਤਰਿਯ ਕਹ ਕਛੂ ਨ ਮਖ ਤੇ ਕਹੈ ॥੧॥
Her husband was a simpleton and he never constrained his wife.(1)
ਤਾ ਕੇ ਧਾਮ ਬਹਤ ਜਨ ਆਵੈ ॥ ਨਿਸ ਦਿਨ ਤਾ ਸੋ ਭੋਗ ਕਮਾਵੈ ॥
Lot of people used to come to her house, and every day she made love with them.
ਸੋ ਜੜ ਪਰਾ ਹਮਾਰੇ ਰਹਈ ॥ ਤਾ ਕੋ ਕਛੂ ਨ ਮਖ ਤੇ ਕਹਈ ॥੨॥
That fool always remained with us whole day and never checked his wife off.(2)
ਜਬ ਕਬਹੂੰ ਵਹ ਧਾਮ ਸਿਧਾਵੈ ॥ ਯੌ ਤਾ ਸੋ ਤਰਿਯ ਬਚਨ ਸਨਾਵੈ ॥
Whenever he came back home, his wife would pronounce,
ਯਾ ਕਹ ਕਲਿ ਕੀ ਬਾਤ ਨ ਲਾਗੀ ॥ ਮੇਰੋ ਪਿਯਾ ਬਡੋ ਬਡਭਾਗੀ ॥੩॥
‘He is not induced by the modern-day influences, as he has been endowed with noble destiny.’(3)
ਨਿਸ ਦਿਨ ਸਬਦਨ ਗਾਵਹੀ ਸਭ ਸਾਧਨ ਕੋ ਰਾਉ ॥
Every day she chanted same words that he was a saintly figure.
ਮੋ ਪਤਿ ਗਰ ਕੋ ਭਗਤਿ ਹੈ ਲਗੀ ਨ ਕਲਿ ਕੀ ਬਾਉ ॥੪॥
And he was true disciple of the Guru, and had not been effected by the contemporaries.( 4)
ਯਹ ਜੜ ਫੂਲਿ ਬਚਨ ਸਨਿ ਜਾਵੈ ॥ ਅਧਿਕ ਆਪ ਕਹ ਸਾਧ ਕਹਾਵੈ ॥
The fool used to get flattered on hearing this and started to designate himself as a saint.
ਵਹ ਜਾਰਨ ਸੌ ਨਿਸ ਦਿਨ ਰਹਈ ॥ ਇਹ ਕਛ ਤਿਨੈ ਨ ਮਖ ਤੇ ਕਹਈ ॥੫॥
She was always relishing with her lovers and he never opened his mouth to reprimand her.(5)(1)
ਇਤਿ ਸਰੀ ਚਰਿਤਰ ਪਖਯਾਨੇ ਤਰਿਯਾ ਚਰਿਤਰੇ ਮੰਤਰੀ ਭੂਪ ਸੰਬਾਦੇ ਉਨਚਾਸਵੋ ਚਰਿਤਰ ਸਮਾਪਤਮ ਸਤ ਸਭਮ ਸਤ ॥੪੯॥੮੫੦॥ਅਫਜੂੰ॥
Forty-ninth Parable of Auspicious Chritars Conversation of the Raja and the Minister, Completed with Benediction. (49)(850) To be continued.
What Gurmukh Learns from it
Nymphomaniacs, Flaterry, Ego and Foolishness are primary issues which are explored in this Charitar. A Careless husband and a Nymphomaniac lady.
1) Nymphomaniac: Hypersexuality is the elevated desire to engage in human sexual behavior at a level high enough to be considered problematic socially and clinically significant. Nymphomania was believed to be a female psychological disorder characterized by an overactive libido and an obsession with sex. In males the disorder was called satyriasis. The Lady was having sex with multiple person which shows that she was a nymphomaniac. To fulfill her sexual desires she did sex with multiple persons. She even mislead her husband by excess of buttering. Such lady have no place in society and Gurmat too.
2) Flaterry: Flattery (also called adulation or blandishment) is the act of giving excessive compliments, generally for the purpose of ingratiating oneself with the subject. Here, Lady was trying to win husband by telling himself saint and true devotee of Guru, which result in his egotism. If someone is praising you in excess then remember he is injecting the drug to make you intoxicate in false proud. A Sikh shall aware of this, for that he need intuitive and discerning mind.
3) Carelessness and Loyality: No Loyality of Wife toward husband moreover no care of husband for wife, such relation is not successful. Guru Amardas Said:
ਮਃ ੩ ॥
ਧਨ ਪਿਰ ਝਹਿ ਨ ਆਖੀਅਨਿ ਬਹਨਿ ਇਕਠੇ ਹੋਇ ॥
They are not said to be husband and wife, who merely sit together.
ਝਕ ਜੋਤਿ ਦਇ ਮੂਰਤੀ ਧਨ ਪਿਰ ਕਹੀਝ ਸੋਇ ॥੩॥
They alone are called husband and wife, who have one light in two bodies. ||3||
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