Sikh Kumhar

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For Information only
ਜਾਣਹੁ ਜੋਤਿ ਨ ਪੂਛਹੁ ਜਾਤੀ ਆਗੈ ਜਾਤਿ ਨ ਹੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (ਪੰਨਾ 349, ਸਤਰ 13, Nanak)

Sikhism does not endorse caste based distinctions in society that lead to unequal opportunities for some people. In fact, Sikhism completely rejects class or race based distinctions between humans, that leads us to make an inequitable society. Such distinctions have surfaced only due to ill interests of certain section of people, who, on the pretext of making a society more manageable through these classifications, eventually paved the way to an unequal grouping within the human race. This article is just for information purpose and to share how people from different castes came into the Sikh fold. So, please treat this article as a source of general information about this issue and kindly do not amend this article to highlight this important underlying Sikh principle. If you have any comments, please discuss them appropriately here

Castes & Tribes
Classification Drinking Water, Clay and Glass Ceramics
Subdivisions Prajapati
Significant populations in Punjab (India)
Languages Punjabi
Religions Sikhism

The Kumhar Caste are a Punjabi community in the Punjab region of northwestern India. Sub Caste Prajapati, also related to Brahma God

The Kumhars produced the Earth and all its beings after first preparing himself by undergoing tapas (ascetic practices), other stories allude to his own creation from the primal waters, who aided him in the creation of other beings, was Vac, the personification of the sacred word, but is given as Ushas, the dawn, Collectively, the individual deities granted the title Prajapati are the “mind born” children of Brahma. They are generally considered to number 10, though some authorities reduce them to seven and relate them to the seven great rishis (ancient sages).

In Old Era & Modern Era Period in Punjab Sikh Kumhar Professions were Ceramic Clay & Glass Product Makers, Water Supply, Drinkig Water

Ancient Kumhar

Kumhar were making Clay, Glass Ceramics once referred purely to pottery and to articles made by firing materials extracted from Earth. Today, the term has a much broader definition. Ceramics are generally thought of as inorganic and nonmetallic solids with a range of useful properties, including very high hardness and strength, extremely high melting points, and good electrical and thermal insulation. Glass Ceramics and Brick Ceramics, Porcelain, and Cement. But the general definition of a ceramic a nonmetallic and inorganic solid is so broad that it covers a much wider range of materials. At one end of the scale, ceramics include simple materials such as graphite and diamond, made up from different crystalline arrangements of the element carbon. But at the other end of the scale, complex crystals of yttrium, barium, copper, and oxygen make up the advanced ceramics used in so-called high temperature superconductors (materials with almost no electrical resistance). Most ceramics fall somewhere between these extremes. Many are metal oxides, crystalline compounds of a metal element and oxygen. Others are silicides, borides, carbides, and nitrides, respectively made from silicon, boron, carbon, and nitrogen. Some of the most advanced ceramic materials are combinations of ceramics and other materials known as ceramic matrix composites

Ancient Water

Kumhar was Water is essential for life. The amount of drinking water required is variable. It depends on physical activity, age, health issues, and environmental conditions. It is estimated that the average Sikhs drinks about one litre of water a day with drinking less than three liters per day. Typically in developed countries, tap water meets drinking water quality standards, even though only a small proportion is actually consumed or used in food preparation. Other typical uses include washing, toilets, and irrigation. Greywater may also be used for toilets or irrigation. Its use for irrigation however may be associated with risks. Water may also be unacceptable due to levels of toxins or suspended solids. Water covers some of the Earth's surface. Approximately of it is saline, just fresh. Potable water is available in almost all populated areas of the Earth, although it may be expensive and the supply may not always be sustainable.


In 1748 Sardar Karora Singh was born Sikh Kumhar Panjgarhia as appointed the leader of the Panjgarhia Misl of Barki village in Lahore District. The founder of the jatha or band of warriors that subsequently acquired the size and power of a misl, was Sardar Sham Singh a Mastana Kumhar of Narli village in Amritsar District who had battled with the invading forces of Nadir Shah in 1739. He was succeeded by Karam Singh, an Khosla Ahluwale of the village of Panjgarh in Gurdaspur district. Karam Singh fell fighting against Ahmad Shah Durrani in January 1748 and was succeeded by Sardar Karora Singh. Karora Singh confined his activities to the tract lying south of the Karigra hills in Hoshiarpur district, and had seized several important towns such as Hoshiarpur, Hariana and Sham Chaurasi before he died in 1761. Baghel Singh who succeeded Karora Singh as leader of the Karorsinghias is celebrated in Sikh history as the conqueror of Mughal Delhi, A Malhi Kumhar Baghel Singh arose from the village of Jhabal Kalan, in Amritsar district, to become a formidable force in the Sutlej region.

Eminent Kumhars

Karora Singh Panjgarhia - Leader of Panjgarhia Misl

Gurbax Singh Malhi - An a Canadian Politician

Asa Singh Mastana - An a Punjabi Musician and Singer

Channi Singh and Mona Singh - An Indian Bhangra Musician

Shin DCS - An Prominent Bhangra Vocalists

Kumhar/Prajapati Clans

Akku, Behgal, Benipal, Baiwal, Channi, Chandla, Chhapola, Chind, Dehmiwal, Doal, Dubb, Ganga, Ghadiyal, Gohal, Guleria, Ghurail, Hampal, Jalbi, Jariyal, Ladwa, Karari, Kashav, Khambh, Khiva, Kubbe, Kumhar, Langdi, Lehra, Lidder, Lola, Mahar, Malhi, Mastana, Nokhwal, Panjgarhia, Pansotra, Prajapati, Ranolia, Sattani, Sokhal,

Social Groups

Rajput ♣♣ Khatri ♣♣ Lohar ♣♣ Kumhar ♣♣ Nai ♣♣ Chamar ♣♣ Arora ♣♣ Bhatra ♣♣ Agrawal ♣♣ Bania ♣♣ Sindhi ♣♣ Saini ♣♣ Julaha

Recommended Social Group Surnames

Hunjan ♣♣ Khosla ♣♣ Salaria ♣♣ Khinda ♣♣ Mastana ♣♣ Kaith ♣♣