Mohali was conceived as an industrial township in late 1960s and early 1970s. It is said that residential areas were hurriedly conceived and constructed near the village of Mohali in Punjab (the first village on the main road link from Chandigarh UT to Punjab) - for accommodating the delegates of the 1975 All India Congress Session held at Chandigarh. Today, Mohali and Chandigarh are contigious areas with only the boundary of Punjab and UT of Chandigarh dividing this area.
Following the success and world wide attention of Chandigarh's sector design, Mohali was similarly planned into identical 800 X 1200m sectors. Many have yet to be fully developed, as is the case of sector 62, which is earmarked for a future commercial City Centre. Its proximity to the PCA Stadium, as well as unrivaled transportation links to Chandigarh make it a suitable choice. The recent Master Plan of Mohali called for 107 sectors, which was later extended to 114 sectors.
The original plan of Mohali is in fact a mere extension of the architectural system of Chandigarh without any thoughtful planning being given to the area. In merely extending the architecture of Chandigarh, it is now also criticised for being too elitist, planners gave little or no thought to the requirements or purpose of the city they were developing on the periphery of Chandigarh. It is therefore not surprising that development of sectors and phases from Phase 8 onwards, started in late 1980s, (The city only got its own bus stand in Phase 8 in mid 1990s). In 2006, Mohali's population was nearing 200,000, approximately 1/5 of Chandigarh's. Mohali has been targeted by an increasing number of outsourcing Information Technology companies, who look to capitalize on the rich investment opportunities the city offers. See - Corporate Investment.
Mohali and Panchkula (in Haryana) are both satellite cities of Chandigarh. Together the three cities are collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity.
Mohali, located to the West of Chandigarh, is almost a continuation of Chandigarh. To its north is Rupnagar district. To its south are Fatehgarh Sahib and Patiala. Derabassi, Kharar or Mundi Kharar, Zirakpur, Landran, Banur, Balongi, Daon, Mohali, Sohana, Kuraali, Morinda, Mattaur, Chattbir and others are componants of Mohali.
Mohali has a sub-tropical continental monsoon climate characterized by a seasonal rhythm: hot summers, slightly cold winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (0 °C to 44 °C). In winter, frost sometimes occurs during December and January. The average annual rainfall is recorded at 617 mm. The city also receives occasional winter rains from the west.
- Summer: The temperature in summer may rise to a maximum of 44°C. Temperatures generally remain between 35° C to 42° C.
- Autumn: In autumn, the temperature may rise to a maximum of 36° C. Temperatures usually remain between 16° to 27° in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 13° C.
- Winter: Winters are quite cool and it can sometimes get quite chilly in Mohali. Average temperatures in winter (November to February) remain at (max) 7° C to 15 ° C and (min) 0° C to 5° C. Spring: The climate remains quite pleasant during the spring season. Temperatures vary between (max) 16° C to 25° C and (min) 9° C to 18° C.
As of 2001 India census,GRIndia Mohali had a population of 123,284. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Mohali has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 81%. In Mohali, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Punjabi is the main spoken language in Mohali. Hindi and English are also prevalent.
Historical Places and places of interest
- Gurudwara Amb Sahib, Phase - 8
- Gurudwara Angitha Sahib, Phase - 8
- Gurudwara Singh Sahidaan - Sohana
- Lalan Wala Peer - An Old Dargah, Phase - 1
- Gurudwara Puddha Sahib - Zirakpur
- Gurudwara Nabha Sahib - Zirakpur
- Sukhna Lake- Chandigarh
- Rock Garden- Chandigarh
- Vatika Gardens and Musical fountains- Panchkula
- Pinjore gardens- Pinjore
- Nada Sahib Gurudwara- Nada, Panchkula
- Cricket Stadium Mohali
- Sector 17 shopping area Chandigarh
- Bhakra Nangal Dam
- Anandpur Sahib
- Musical Fountain -> Sector - 70
In 1992, the Punjab Cricket Association unveiled a plan to replace its aging headquarters in Sector 16, Chandigarh. The target was a state of the art facility complete with a separate practise ground - then unheard of in India - to be built on the swamp-filled ravine that was Mohali at that point. The PCA invested heavily in the ground, in an attempt at turning Mohali into India's flagship cricket stadium. Thus, it was not surprising when a swimming pool, health club, tennis court, library, restaurant, and bar were incorporated into the plans. The project was completed within the year, and has since been lauded as a complete success
The PCA Stadium has become a source of pride for citizens of Mohali. Perhaps the greatest compliment was its addition to an already enormous roster of cricket venues used on a rotational basis by the BCCI for home matches.
Most of the Punjab-based national cricketers made debuts in Mohali, including Yuvraj Singh, Harbhajan Singh, Dinesh Mongia, Gagandeep Singh.
While Mohali houses many state-local companies like PTL (Punjab Tractor Limited), ICI Paints, and the Godrej Group, its reputation as a home for large, multinational corporations is growing. Quark, Mohali, Infosys, the well-known Indian IT services major, had a development center in Mohali, and is now moving to Chandigarh Technology Park, Global tech giants like Dell, Quark, Philips, SCL (Semiconductor Complex Limited), and PUNCOM have followed. Denver-based Quark has created the $500M, 46-acre QuarkCity in Mohali, complete with a residential complex comprising 30% of the 'city'; the shopping, entertainment, medical, and educational district consume another 10%. It is expected to generate 25,000 direct, and 100,000 indirect jobs.
Airtel, has a big office in Industrial Area Mohali.Regional offices of Punjab & Haryana circle located here. Convergys, IDS Infotech, SmartData Enterprises (I) ltd IT Outsourcing, and other business support companies are also finding comfortable accommodation in Mohali. Spice Telecom 's Punjab operations are headquartered in Mohali.
Ranbaxy Laboratories operates a manufacturing plant out of Mohali. Punjab Tractor Limited manufactures India's first indeginious tractor under the brand SWARAJ. Situated in Phase 4 Industrial Area, continues to be India's top 7 tractor company. It undertakes three group of companies: SWARAJ MAZDA, SWARAJ ENGINES and SWARAJ AUTOMOTIVES. Reacently, Mahindra and Mahindra has acquired 44% shares in PTL. http://www.swarajenterprise.com.
Fortis Healthcare Limited has also set up a Super-Specialty Hospital in Mohali. In its recent initiatives to attract private investment to actualise the realisation of the Mohali Master Plan, the Punjab Government has approved the Projects of reputed companies like the EMAAR MGF, Ponty Chadha, Janta Land Promoters Ltd, and Country Colonisers.
The iconic PUDA Bhawan-official headquarters of the Punjab Urban Planning and Development Authority-- the statutory body responsible for the planning and development of Mohali, signifies the towering role of PUDA vis a vis Mohali. Now, a part of PUDA's functions have been transferred to the Greater Mohali Area Development Authority (GMADA); initially DC Mohali has been named as its Chief Administrator, but now a separate and full-time IAS officer has been so appointed.
The Deputy Commissioner, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service, is the overall in-charge of the General Administration in the district. He is assisted by a number of officers belonging to Punjab Civil Service and other Punjab state services.
The Senior Superintendent of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service, is responsible for maintaining Law & Order and related issues in the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Punjab Police Service and other Punjab Police officials.
The Divisional Forest Officer, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, is responsible for the management of the Forests, Environment and Wild-Life in the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Punjab Forest Service and other Punjab Forest officials and Punjab Wild-Life officials.
Sectoral development is looked after by the district head/officer of each development department such as PWD, Health, Education, Agriculture, etc. These officers are from various Punjab state services.
Chandigarh College of Education for Women (CCEW),
Chandigarh College of Engineering (CEC) and
Chandigarh College of Pharmacy (CCP) and
Chandigarh College of Hotel Management and Catering Technology (CCHM).
Chandigarh Engineering College(CEC)
Sri Sukhmani Institute of Engg & Tech(SSiET), http://www.ssiet-india.com
The National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER).
SAS Institute of Information Technology and Research(SASIITR),http://www.sasiitmohali.com.
C-DAC, C-DAC Mohali that is engaged in research on state of the art topics including Telemedicine.
Brahma kumaris has developed a State of art Spiritual Art Gallary in phase-7,Mohali
Board Of Cricket Control in Punjab
Army Institute of Law
National Institute of Pharmaceuical Education and Research
Punjab School Education Board
Fashion Technology Park (FTP)
Punjab State Carrom Association
|Districts of Punjab|
▝ Amritsar (District) ▝ Barnala ▝ Bathinda ▝ Firozpur ▝ Faridkot ▝ Fatehgarh ▝ Gurdaspur ▝ Hoshiarpur ▝ Jalandhar ▝ Kapurthala ▝ Ludhiana ▝ Mansa ▝ Moga ▝ Muktsar ▝ Nawanshahr ▝ Patiala ▝ Rupnagar ▝ Mohali ▝ Sangrur (District) ▝ Tarn Taran ▝