The Qur'an, literally "the recitation"; also called Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. Muslims believe the Qur'an, in its original Arabic, to be the literal word of Allah (God) that was revealed to Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullĝh (also Muhammed or Mohammed) the founder of the religion of Islam, who is regarded by Muslims as a messenger and prophet of God. They consider him to be the last (Qur'an 33:40–40) in a series of earlier prophets (who were long revered by the monotheistic faiths of the Jews and Christians).
Muslims consider him to be the restorer of the uncorrupted original monotheistic faith (islĝm) of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other prophets. The Muslims use the Arabic word for God (Allah) that had been used by Arab Christians, across the Middle East, for hundreds of years before Muhammad's birth. Followers of Islam believe that the Qur’an was memorized, recited and written down by Muhammad's companions (Sahaba - people who actually had contact with Muhammad) after every revelation that was dictated by Muhammad. Most of Muhammad's companions, and tens of thousands of early converts to Islam, learned the Qur’an by heart, repeatedly recited in front of Muhammad for his approval or the approval of other Sahaba. Many believe that Muhammad approved and also compiled the Qur'an in written form while he was alive.
However, Muslim tradition agrees that although the Qur’an was memorized completely by tens of thousands who passed it orally, that it was first recorded in written (book) form shortly after Muhammad's death by order of the first Caliph Abu Bakr as suggested by his successor Umar.
The Qur'anic verses were originally memorised by Muhammad's companions as Muhammad spoke them, with some being written down by one or more companions on whatever was at hand, from stones to pieces of bark. Compilations of the Qur'an began under the Caliph Umar, but it was Uthman who decided upon a definitive copy and destroyed all other versions that had resulted from the differences of pronunciation of the words, memory and other reasons.
Gurbani does not believe that God has directly written some text and given it to some human being, it believes that God spoke to his Devotees and these Devotees have written what god has said. The written form is called the "Akhar", revelation is called "Bani". Guru Arjun said, "Dhur ki Bani Ayi" (the word came from Sachkhand). It is written in world knowing form. The Bani that came from Sachkhand is Called Gurbani, in real. The present Scripture of Sikhs contains words which were composed by Gurus in a way that people could understand.
References to the Qur'an in the Guru Granth Sahib
ਕਵਣ ਸ ਵੇਲਾ ਵਖਤ ਕਵਣ ਕਵਣ ਥਿਤਿ ਕਵਣ ਵਾਰ ॥
ਕਵਣਿ ਸਿ ਰਤੀ ਮਾਹ ਕਵਣ ਜਿਤ ਹੋਆ ਆਕਾਰ ॥
ਵੇਲ ਨ ਪਾਈਆ ਪੰਡਤੀ ਜਿ ਹੋਵੈ ਲੇਖ ਪਰਾਣ ॥
ਵਖਤ ਨ ਪਾਇਓ ਕਾਦੀਆ ਜਿ ਲਿਖਨਿ ਲੇਖ ਕਰਾਣ ॥
What was that time, and what was that moment? What was that day, and what was that date?
What was that season, and what was that month, when the Universe was created?
The Pandits, the religious scholars, cannot find that time, even if it is written in the Puraanas.
That time is not known to the Qazis, who study the Koran.
Guru Nanak Dev Page 4
ਪੰਜ ਵਖਤ ਨਿਵਾਜ ਗਜਾਰਹਿ ਪੜਹਿ ਕਤੇਬ ਕਰਾਣਾ ॥
ਨਾਨਕ ਆਖੈ ਗੋਰ ਸਦੇਈ ਰਹਿਓ ਪੀਣਾ ਖਾਣਾ ॥੪॥੨੮॥
You may chant your prayers five times each day; you may read the Bible and the Koran.
Says Nanak, the grave is calling you, and now your food and drink are finished.
Guru Nanak Dev Page 24
ਮਸਲਮਾਨੀਆ ਪੜਹਿ ਕਤੇਬਾ ਕਸਟ ਮਹਿ ਕਰਹਿ ਖਦਾਇ ਵੇ ਲਾਲੋ ॥
The Muslim women read the Koran, and in their misery, they call upon God, O Lalo.
Guru Nanak Dev Page 722
ਕਲਿ ਪਰਵਾਣ ਕਤੇਬ ਕਰਾਣ ॥
ਪੋਥੀ ਪੰਡਿਤ ਰਹੇ ਪਰਾਣ ॥
ਨਾਨਕ ਨਾਉ ਭਇਆ ਰਹਮਾਣ ॥
In Kali Yuga, the Koran and the Bible have become famous.
The Pandit's scriptures and the Puraanas are not respected.
O Nanak, the Lord's Name now is Rehmaan, the Merciful.
Guru Nanak Page 903
ਆਪੇ ਸਾਹ ਆਪੇ ਵਣਜਾਰਾ ਸਾਚੇ ਝਹੋ ਭਾਇਦਾ ॥੧੨॥
ਬੇਦ ਕਤੇਬ ਨ ਸਿੰਮਰਿਤਿ ਸਾਸਤ ॥
ਪਾਠ ਪਰਾਣ ਉਦੈ ਨਹੀ ਆਸਤ ॥
ਕਹਤਾ ਬਕਤਾ ਆਪਿ ਅਗੋਚਰ ਆਪੇ ਅਲਖ ਲਖਾਇਦਾ ॥੧੩॥
He Himself is the banker, and He Himself is the merchant. Such is the Pleasure of the Will of the True Lord. ||12||
There were no Vedas, Korans or Bibles, no Simritees or Shaastras.
There was no recitation of the Puraanas, no sunrise or sunset.
The Unfathomable Lord Himself was the speaker and the preacher; the unseen Lord Himself saw everything. ||13||
Guru Nanak Page 1036
ਮਾਸ ਪਰਾਣੀ ਮਾਸ ਕਤੇਬੀ ਚਹ ਜਗਿ ਮਾਸ ਕਮਾਣਾ ॥
Meat is allowed in the Puraanas, meat is allowed in the Bible and the Koran. Throughout the four ages, meat has been used.
Guru nanak Page 1290
Guru Arjun Dev
ਕਰਾਣ ਕਤੇਬ ਦਿਲ ਮਾਹਿ ਕਮਾਹੀ ॥
ਦਸ ਅਉਰਾਤ ਰਖਹ ਬਦ ਰਾਹੀ ॥
ਪੰਚ ਮਰਦ ਸਿਦਕਿ ਲੇ ਬਾਧਹ ਖੈਰਿ ਸਬੂਰੀ ਕਬੂਲ ਪਰਾ ॥੪॥
Practice within your heart the teachings of the Koran and the Bible;
restrain the ten sensory organs from straying into evil.
Tie up the five demons of desire with faith, charity and contentment, and you shall be acceptable. ||4||
ਮਿਹਰਵਾਨ ਮਉਲਾ ਤੂਹੀ ਝਕ ॥ ਪੀਰ ਪੈਕਾਂਬਰ ਸੇਖ ॥
ਦਿਲਾ ਕਾ ਮਾਲਕ ਕਰੇ ਹਾਕ ॥ ਕਰਾਨ ਕਤੇਬ ਤੇ ਪਾਕ ॥੩॥
You are the One and only merciful Master, spiritual teacher, prophet, religious teacher.
Master of hearts, Dispenser of justice, more sacred than the Koran and the Bible. ||3||
ਕੋਈ ਪੜੈ ਬੇਦ ਕੋਈ ਕਤੇਬ ॥
ਕੋਈ ਓਢੈ ਨੀਲ ਕੋਈ ਸਪੇਦ ॥੩॥
ਕੋਈ ਕਹੈ ਤਰਕ ਕੋਈ ਕਹੈ ਹਿੰਦੂ ॥
ਕੋਈ ਬਾਛੈ ਭਿਸਤ ਕੋਈ ਸਰਗਿੰਦੂ ॥੪॥
ਕਹ ਨਾਨਕ ਜਿਨਿ ਹਕਮ ਪਛਾਤਾ ॥
ਪਰਭ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਕਾ ਤਿਨਿ ਭੇਦ ਜਾਤਾ ॥੫॥੯॥
Some read the Vedas, and some the Koran.
Some wear blue robes, and some wear white. ||3||
Some call themselves Muslim, and some call themselves Hindu.
Some yearn for paradise, and others long for heaven. ||4||
Says Nanak, one who realizes the Hukam of God's Will,
knows the secrets of his Lord and Master. ||5||9||
ਤਧ ਧਿਆਇਨਹਹਿ ਬੇਦ ਕਤੇਬਾ ਸਣ ਖੜੇ ॥
The followers of the Vedas, the Bible and the Koran, standing at Your Door, meditate on You.
ਮੈ ਨਿਰਗਣਿ ਮੇਰੀ ਮਾਇ ਆਪਿ ਲੜਿ ਲਾਇ ਲਈ ॥੩॥
ਬੇਦ ਕਤੇਬ ਸੰਸਾਰ ਹਭਾ ਹੂੰ ਬਾਹਰਾ ॥
ਨਾਨਕ ਕਾ ਪਾਤਿਸਾਹ ਦਿਸੈ ਜਾਹਰਾ ॥੪॥੩॥੧੦੫॥
I am worthless, O my mother; He Himself has attached me to the hem of His robe. ||3||
He is beyond the world of the Vedas, the Koran and the Bible.
The Supreme King of Nanak is immanent and manifest. ||4||3||105||
ਕਹਤ ਕਬੀਰ ਭਲੇ ਅਸਵਾਰਾ ॥
ਬੇਦ ਕਤੇਬ ਤੇ ਰਹਹਿ ਨਿਰਾਰਾ ॥੩॥੩੧॥
Says Kabeer, those are the best riders,
who remain detached from the Vedas, the Koran and the Bible. ||3||31||
ਸਿੰਮਰਿਤਿ ਮਉਲੀ ਸਿਉ ਕਤੇਬ ॥੨॥
The Simritees blossom forth, along with the Koran and the Bible. ||2||
ਬੇਦ ਕਤੇਬ ਕਹਹ ਮਤ ਝੂਠੇ ਝੂਠਾ ਜੋ ਨ ਬਿਚਾਰੈ ॥
ਜਉ ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਝਕ ਖਦਾਇ ਕਹਤ ਹਉ ਤਉ ਕਿਉ ਮਰਗੀ ਮਾਰੈ ॥੧॥
ਮਲਾਂ ਕਹਹ ਨਿਆਉ ਖਦਾਈ ॥
Do not say that the Vedas, the Bible and the Koran are false. Those who do not contemplate them are false.
You say that the One Lord is in all, so why do you kill chickens? ||1||
O Mullah, tell me: is this God's Justice?