Guru Nanak in Rajasthan
Guru Nanak Dev traveled through Rajasthan during his second Udasis (travels) southward across India. In his travel Guru Ji went to BIkaner, Ganganagar, Pushkar, Ajmer, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Kolayat, Pokhraan and other places. The tour consisted of teachings to Jains. If we read history of miracles of Guru Sahib then we would get that guru ji never performed any miracles if they were unneeded.
Here guru ji performed miracle once when he produced sweet water in desert of Rajasthan and He also turned Kikar sweet when Mardana was hungry. Guru's trip to rajasthan was full of adventure and knowledge. He visited Ajmer Sharif, Pushkar Temple, Ramdevra Temple and other place in Rajasthan.
The places visited by Guru Nanak Sahib in Present Rajasthan included:
- Nath Dwara
Acc. to Twarikh Guru khalsa, Guru Ji started Journey from Sultanpur and via these places he went to south but acc. to other sources Guru ji covered these places during his return journey
Guru Ji have many missions in this journey:
- To visit all shrines of different sects and cults.
- To bring Jains on way to god
- To bring Gugapanthis to way to God
- To Bring Siddhas on way of God
- To stop worshiping of Samadhs.
- To Guide other people name of god.
Guru Ji visited Bikaner,Kolayat which was head centre of Jains also called Dhoondiyas. They used to cover their face and their habits were not good. Guru Ji reached Kolayat where Guru ji had discourse with Jains and made them their sikhs. Dhoondiyas think that by keeping face open and by bathing and urinating many organisms kill due to warmth in air, water and urine. So they cover their face and do not bath. They think by doing so they will be considered as sinful due to death of organisms. Even those people spread their urine on them and do not excrete on land because they think that organisms would kill due to urine and other excretions. They do not believe in God as creator and they think that human get salvation and become god.
Guru ji guided them that only god gives birth and he provide death, they are not contributing anything but Ego. So they should only stick to true name of god because if a person will give self torture to his body, god will not become happy he will be happy with good thinkings, good actions and reciting true name. By Putting water on body and reciting name ones body odour will be pleasant and he will feel fresh. By covering their face they are not saving other animals who are dying. So it's of no use. Their thinking is just for themselves, they think that they are saved from sin. Guru Ji had long discourse in which guru ji recited various shabads. All jains and their head bowed before guru and become gursikh. The essence of gurus teachings is present in his shabad:
ਜੀਆ ਮਾਰਿ ਜੀਵਾਲੇ ਸੋਈ ਅਵਰ ਨ ਕੋਈ ਰਖੈ ॥
The Lord alone kills and restores to life; no one else can protect anyone from Him.
ਦਾਨਹ ਤੈ ਇਸਨਾਨਹ ਵੰਜੇ ਭਸ ਪਈ ਸਿਰਿ ਖਥੈ ॥
They go without giving alms or any cleansing baths; their shaven heads become covered with dust.
ਪਾਣੀ ਵਿਚਹ ਰਤਨ ਉਪੰਨੇ ਮੇਰ ਕੀਆ ਮਾਧਾਣੀ ॥
The jewel emerged from the water, when the mountain of gold was used to churn it.
ਅਠਸਠਿ ਤੀਰਥ ਦੇਵੀ ਥਾਪੇ ਪਰਬੀ ਲਗੈ ਬਾਣੀ ॥
The gods established the sixty-eight sacred shrines of pilgrimage, where the festivals are celebrated and hymns are chanted.
ਨਾਇ ਨਿਵਾਜਾ ਨਾਤੈ ਪੂਜਾ ਨਾਵਨਿ ਸਦਾ ਸਜਾਣੀ ॥
After bathing, the Muslims recite their prayers, and after bathing, the Hindus perform their worship services. The wise always take cleansing baths.
ਮਇਆ ਜੀਵਦਿਆ ਗਤਿ ਹੋਵੈ ਜਾਂ ਸਿਰਿ ਪਾਈਝ ਪਾਣੀ ॥
At the time of death, and at the time of birth, they are purified, when water is poured on their heads.
ਨਾਨਕ ਸਿਰਖਥੇ ਸੈਤਾਨੀ ਝਨਾ ਗਲ ਨ ਭਾਣੀ ॥
O Nanak, the shaven-headed ones are devils. They are not pleased to hear these words.
ਵਠੈ ਹੋਇਝ ਹੋਇ ਬਿਲਾਵਲ ਜੀਆ ਜਗਤਿ ਸਮਾਣੀ ॥
When it rains, there is happiness. Water is the key to all life.
ਵਠੈ ਅੰਨ ਕਮਾਦ ਕਪਾਹਾ ਸਭਸੈ ਪੜਦਾ ਹੋਵੈ ॥
When it rains, the corn grows, and the sugar cane, and the cotton, which provides clothing for all.
ਵਠੈ ਘਾਹ ਚਰਹਿ ਨਿਤਿ ਸਰਹੀ ਸਾ ਧਨ ਦਹੀ ਵਿਲੋਵੈ ॥
When it rains, the cows always have grass to graze upon, and housewives can churn the milk into butter.
ਤਿਤ ਘਿਇ ਹੋਮ ਜਗ ਸਦ ਪੂਜਾ ਪਇਝ ਕਾਰਜ ਸੋਹੈ ॥
With that ghee, sacred feasts and worship services are performed; all these efforts are blessed.
ਗਰੂ ਸਮੰਦ ਨਦੀ ਸਭਿ ਸਿਖੀ ਨਾਤੈ ਜਿਤ ਵਡਿਆਈ ॥
The Guru is the ocean, and all His Teachings are the river. Bathing within it, glorious greatness is obtained.
ਨਾਨਕ ਜੇ ਸਿਰਖਥੇ ਨਾਵਨਿ ਨਾਹੀ ਤਾ ਸਤ ਚਟੇ ਸਿਰਿ ਛਾਈ ॥੧॥
O Nanak, if the shaven-headed ones do not bathe, then seven handfuls of ashes are upon their heads. ||1||
A beautiful Memorial is present at this place.
Guru Ji visited this place to guide people about true name of god. People were stick to Samadhs and Marhis. They pray as those were god. It was desert land and source of water was very less. Guru ji reached Pokhran where guru ji produced a well whose water was sweet. Sangat thanked guru ji for doing so. Mardana drank water but was feeling hungry. Guru ji ask him to eat the branches of Akk(Kikar) tree. Mardana Laughed but when he plucked and ate it was sweet.
Near Pokhran was ramdevra which was visited by Guru ji and guru ji guided people there who were follower of Rajput turn Sanyasi called Ramdevra.
A beautiful Memorial is present at this place.
Guru ji was sitting out side on bank of a lake in jodhpur. Some people were listened crying because of death of their relative. Guru ji guided them with following essence of following Shabad:
ਰਾਗ ਆਸਾ ਮਹਲਾ ੧ ॥
Aasaa, First Mehl:
ਆਪ ਵੀਚਾਰੈ ਸ ਪਰਖੇ ਹੀਰਾ ॥
One who contemplates his own self, tests the worth of the jewel.
ਝਕ ਦਰਿਸਟਿ ਤਾਰੇ ਗਰ ਪੂਰਾ ॥
With a single glance, the Perfect Guru saves him.
ਗਰ ਮਾਨੈ ਮਨ ਤੇ ਮਨ ਧੀਰਾ ॥੧॥
When the Guru is pleased, one's mind comforts itself. ||1||
ਝਸਾ ਸਾਹ ਸਰਾਫੀ ਕਰੈ ॥
He is such a banker, who tests us.
ਸਾਚੀ ਨਦਰਿ ਝਕ ਲਿਵ ਤਰੈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
By His True Glance of Grace, we are blessed with the Love of the One Lord, and are saved.||1||Pause||
ਪੂੰਜੀ ਨਾਮ ਨਿਰੰਜਨ ਸਾਰ ॥
The capital of the Naam is immaculate and sublime.
ਨਿਰਮਲ ਸਾਚਿ ਰਤਾ ਪੈਕਾਰ ॥
That peddler is rendered pure, who is imbued with the Truth.
ਸਿਫਤਿ ਸਹਜ ਘਰਿ ਗਰ ਕਰਤਾਰ ॥੨॥
Praising the Lord, in the house of poise, he attains the Guru, the Creator. ||2||
ਆਸਾ ਮਨਸਾ ਸਬਦਿ ਜਲਾਝ ॥
One who burns away hope and desire through the Word of the Shabad,
ਰਾਮ ਨਰਾਇਣ ਕਹੈ ਕਹਾਝ ॥
chants the Lord's Name, and inspires others to chant it as well.
ਗਰ ਤੇ ਵਾਟ ਮਹਲ ਘਰ ਪਾਝ ॥੩॥
Through the Guru, he finds the Path home, to the Mansion of the Lord's Presence. ||3||
ਕੰਚਨ ਕਾਇਆ ਜੋਤਿ ਅਨੂਪ ॥
His body becomes golden, by the Lord's Incomparable Light.
ਤਰਿਭਵਣ ਦੇਵਾ ਸਗਲ ਸਰੂਪ ॥
He beholds the divine beauty in all the three worlds.
ਮੈ ਸੋ ਧਨ ਪਲੈ ਸਾਚ ਅਖੂਟ ॥੪॥
That inexhaustible wealth of Truth is now in my lap. ||4||
ਪੰਚ ਤੀਨਿ ਨਵ ਚਾਰਿ ਸਮਾਵੈ ॥
In the five elements, the three worlds, the nine regions and the four directions, the Lord is pervading.
ਧਰਣਿ ਗਗਨ ਕਲ ਧਾਰਿ ਰਹਾਵੈ ॥
He supports the earth and the sky, exercising His almighty power.
ਬਾਹਰਿ ਜਾਤਉ ਉਲਟਿ ਪਰਾਵੈ ॥੫॥
He turns the outgoing mind around. ||5||
ਮੂਰਖ ਹੋਇ ਨ ਆਖੀ ਸੂਝੈ ॥
The fool does not realize what he sees with his eyes.
ਜਿਹਵਾ ਰਸ ਨਹੀ ਕਹਿਆ ਬੂਝੈ ॥
He does not taste with his tongue, and does not understand what is said.
ਬਿਖ ਕਾ ਮਾਤਾ ਜਗ ਸਿਉ ਲੂਝੈ ॥੬॥
Intoxicated with poison, he argues with the world. ||6||
ਊਤਮ ਸੰਗਤਿ ਊਤਮ ਹੋਵੈ ॥
In the uplifting society, one is uplifted.
ਗਣ ਕਉ ਧਾਵੈ ਅਵਗਣ ਧੋਵੈ ॥
He chases after virtue and washes off his sins.
ਬਿਨ ਗਰ ਸੇਵੇ ਸਹਜ ਨ ਹੋਵੈ ॥੭॥
Without serving the Guru, celestial poise is not obtained. ||7||
ਹੀਰਾ ਨਾਮ ਜਵੇਹਰ ਲਾਲ ॥
The Naam, the Name of the Lord, is a diamond, a jewel, a ruby.
ਮਨ ਮੋਤੀ ਹੈ ਤਿਸ ਕਾ ਮਾਲ ॥
The pearl of the mind is the inner wealth.
ਨਾਨਕ ਪਰਖੈ ਨਦਰਿ ਨਿਹਾਲ ॥੮॥੫॥
O Nanak, the Lord tests us, and blesses us with His Glance of Grace. ||8||5||
When people listened this shabad they feel internal calmness. People started gathering around guru ji. A Sidh was also present in sangat, he tried to show miracle by sitting on water. Guru Ji put a stone in lake and it starts floating. Sidh apologized. Guru ji preached benifits of true name to people.
Guru Nanak ji visited this place which was belong to Bhagat Peepa the exact name of place is Jhalerapatan. Sanyasis living there came to know that some bairagi arrived to town so they come to Baba ji and started asking about peepa bhagat. Guru nanak Sahib told whole about Peepa bhagat ji to Sanyasis. They delighted to know about them and bowed before guru ji and saluted to his knowledge. Guru ji stayed with them for two days.
In Dudha there met a sidh name Hari Ji, who shows various miracles to guru ji. He even served food to guru ji produced with his siddhis. Guru ji said him to concentrate more on God's name then siddhis. Guru Ji visited various places like Madri Devi temple(where wine is served), Sabar Khattu(Khatu Shyam Temple, Sikar) and other places and distributed gurbani there.
Guru ji visited this place during his travels. Nathdwara is 12 km from Udaipur. They are basically followers of sri nath(a avtar of krishna). The Mahant of Srinath temple wore precious clothes jewelery to which Bhai Mardana ji replied that he is egoistic person. Guru Nanak sahib started reading Shabad on ego of Mahant before him, people were also around. Guru Ji recited a shabad whose essnce can be seen following:
ਗਉੜੀ ਮਹਲਾ ੧ ॥
Gauree, First Mehl:
ਚੋਆ ਚੰਦਨ ਅੰਕਿ ਚੜਾਵਉ ॥
I may anoint my limbs with sandalwood oil.
ਪਾਟ ਪਟੰਬਰ ਪਹਿਰਿ ਹਢਾਵਉ ॥
I may dress up and wear silk and satin clothes.
ਬਿਨ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮ ਕਹਾ ਸਖ ਪਾਵਉ ॥੧॥
But without the Lord's Name, where would I find peace? ||1||
ਕਿਆ ਪਹਿਰਉ ਕਿਆ ਓਢਿ ਦਿਖਾਵਉ ॥
So what should I wear? In what clothes should I display myself?
ਬਿਨ ਜਗਦੀਸ ਕਹਾ ਸਖ ਪਾਵਉ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
Without the Lord of the Universe, how can I find peace? ||1||Pause||
ਕਾਨੀ ਕੰਡਲ ਗਲਿ ਮੋਤੀਅਨ ਕੀ ਮਾਲਾ ॥
I may wear ear-rings, and a pearl necklace around my neck;
ਲਾਲ ਨਿਹਾਲੀ ਫੂਲ ਗਲਾਲਾ ॥
my bed may be adorned with red blankets, flowers and red powder;
ਬਿਨ ਜਗਦੀਸ ਕਹਾ ਸਖ ਭਾਲਾ ॥੨॥
but without the Lord of the Universe, where can I search for peace? ||2||
ਨੈਨ ਸਲੋਨੀ ਸੰਦਰ ਨਾਰੀ ॥
I may have a beautiful woman with fascinating eyes;
ਖੋੜ ਸੀਗਾਰ ਕਰੈ ਅਤਿ ਪਿਆਰੀ ॥
she may decorate herself with the sixteen adornments, and make herself appear gorgeous.
ਬਿਨ ਜਗਦੀਸ ਭਜੇ ਨਿਤ ਖਆਰੀ ॥੩॥
But without meditating on the Lord of the Universe, there is only continual suffering. ||3||
ਦਰ ਘਰ ਮਹਲਾ ਸੇਜ ਸਖਾਲੀ ॥
In his hearth and home, in his palace, upon his soft and comfortable bed,
ਅਹਿਨਿਸਿ ਫੂਲ ਬਿਛਾਵੈ ਮਾਲੀ ॥
day and night, the flower-girls scatter flower petals;
ਬਿਨ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮ ਸ ਦੇਹ ਦਖਾਲੀ ॥੪॥
but without the Lord's Name, the body is miserable. ||4||
ਹੈਵਰ ਗੈਵਰ ਨੇਜੇ ਵਾਜੇ ॥
Horses, elephants, lances, marching bands,
ਲਸਕਰ ਨੇਬ ਖਵਾਸੀ ਪਾਜੇ ॥
armies, standard bearers, royal attendants and ostentatious displays -
ਬਿਨ ਜਗਦੀਸ ਝੂਠੇ ਦਿਵਾਜੇ ॥੫॥
without the Lord of the Universe, these undertakings are all useless. ||5||
ਸਿਧ ਕਹਾਵਉ ਰਿਧਿ ਸਿਧਿ ਬਲਾਵਉ ॥
He may be called a Siddha, a man of spiritual perfection, and he may summon riches and supernatural powers;
ਤਾਜ ਕਲਹ ਸਿਰਿ ਛਤਰ ਬਨਾਵਉ ॥
he may place a crown upon his head, and carry a royal umbrella;
ਬਿਨ ਜਗਦੀਸ ਕਹਾ ਸਚ ਪਾਵਉ ॥੬॥
but without the Lord of the Universe, where can Truth be found? ||6||
ਖਾਨ ਮਲੂਕ ਕਹਾਵਉ ਰਾਜਾ ॥
He may be called an emperor, a lord, and a king;
ਅਬੇ ਤਬੇ ਕੂੜੇ ਹੈ ਪਾਜਾ ॥
he may give orders - "Do this now, do this then" - but this is a false display.
ਬਿਨ ਗਰ ਸਬਦ ਨ ਸਵਰਸਿ ਕਾਜਾ ॥੭॥
Without the Word of the Guru's Shabad, his works are not accomplished. ||7||
ਹਉਮੈ ਮਮਤਾ ਗਰ ਸਬਦਿ ਵਿਸਾਰੀ ॥
Egotism and possessiveness are dispelled by the Word of the Guru's Shabad.
ਗਰਮਤਿ ਜਾਨਿਆ ਰਿਦੈ ਮਰਾਰੀ ॥
With the Guru's Teachings in my heart, I have come to know the Lord.
ਪਰਣਵਤਿ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਰਣਿ ਤਮਾਰੀ ॥੮॥੧੦॥
Prays Nanak, I seek Your Sanctuary. ||8||10||
Mahant felt very bad and recognizes his fault he touched feet of guru and kept guru sahib with them and did sewa of guru and thanksed him for opening his eyes.
In Ajmer Guru ji visited Hindu temple and then sat aside of Makbra at Dargah of Khwaja Momandin Chisti. There muslims(Majavars) said that Hindus are not permitted to sit here . Guru Ji said:
ਮਸਲਮਾਣ ਕਹਾਵਣ ਮਸਕਲ ਜਾ ਹੋਇ ਤਾ ਮਸਲਮਾਣ ਕਹਾਵੈ ॥
It is difficult to be called a Muslim; if one is truly a Muslim, then he may be called one.
ਅਵਲਿ ਅਉਲਿ ਦੀਨ ਕਰਿ ਮਿਠਾ ਮਸਕਲ ਮਾਨਾ ਮਾਲ ਮਸਾਵੈ ॥
First, let him savor the religion of the Prophet as sweet; then, let his pride of his possessions be scraped away.
ਹੋਇ ਮਸਲਿਮ ਦੀਨ ਮਹਾਣੈ ਮਰਣ ਜੀਵਣ ਕਾ ਭਰਮ ਚਕਾਵੈ ॥
Becoming a true Muslim, a disciple of the faith of Mohammed, let him put aside the delusion of death and life.
ਰਬ ਕੀ ਰਜਾਇ ਮੰਨੇ ਸਿਰ ਉਪਰਿ ਕਰਤਾ ਮੰਨੇ ਆਪ ਗਵਾਵੈ ॥
As he submits to God's Will, and surrenders to the Creator, he is rid of selfishness and conceit.
ਤਉ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਰਬ ਜੀਆ ਮਿਹਰੰਮਤਿ ਹੋਇ ਤ ਮਸਲਮਾਣ ਕਹਾਵੈ ॥੧॥
And when, O Nanak, he is merciful to all beings, only then shall he be called a Muslim. ||1||
Muslim Faqirs replied that they all read five time nimaz and 5 pillars i.e Kalima, Zakat, Hajj, Roza and Nimaz. They are good followers of muhomad. Guru ji replied that what you guys do is just show off and you do nimaz for show off. Your heart is not in nimaz your mind is somewhere else so all this is showoff. if you read true nimaz you all will be liberated. Muslims asked what are you saying. to which guru ji replied:
ਪੰਜਿ ਨਿਵਾਜਾ ਵਖਤ ਪੰਜਿ ਪੰਜਾ ਪੰਜੇ ਨਾਉ ॥
There are five prayers and five times of day for prayer; the five have five names.
ਪਹਿਲਾ ਸਚ ਹਲਾਲ ਦਇ ਤੀਜਾ ਖੈਰ ਖਦਾਇ ॥
Let the first be truthfulness, the second honest living, and the third charity in the Name of God.
ਚਉਥੀ ਨੀਅਤਿ ਰਾਸਿ ਮਨ ਪੰਜਵੀ ਸਿਫਤਿ ਸਨਾਇ ॥
Let the fourth be good will to all, and the fifth the praise of the Lord.
ਕਰਣੀ ਕਲਮਾ ਆਖਿ ਕੈ ਤਾ ਮਸਲਮਾਣ ਸਦਾਇ ॥
▫e. Repeat the prayer of good deeds, and then, you may call yourself a Muslim.
ਨਾਨਕ ਜੇਤੇ ਕੂੜਿਆਰ ਕੂੜੈ ਕੂੜੀ ਪਾਇ ॥੩॥
O Nanak, the false obtain falsehood, and only falsehood. ||3||
Everyone was stunned after hearing those things but they feel immense pleasure listening those things and their inner darkness was now vanished.
Guru ji visited brahma temple at pushkar. It was said in pushkar that a peson who bath in pushkar sarover all his sins would be washed and he would attain heaven. But guru nanak sahib said that by alone bathing is not enough Sikhi concept is NAAM ISHNAAN not only ishnaan. One have to be pure from inside. if someone is chanting god's name and inside he have greed of getting money then such chanting is of no use. Similarly if someone is Bathing and he has having impure thoughts in mind than such bath is of no use. Guru ji stresed to Naam Ishnaan rather then Ishnaan only.
A beautiful Memorial is present at this place.
Guru Sahib travelled through Pali, Sirohi, Abu, Devgarh, Patan, Banswarha and by crossing River Mahi and Chambal he entered into Madhya Pardesh.