Gurmukhi Script

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Gurmukhi Primary Letters

Below are shown the 35 primary Gurmukhi letters, with the name of each one and their pronunciation.

# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1
Name Ura Aira Eri Sussa Haha Kakka Khukha Gugga Ghugga Ungga
Pron Sa Ha Ka Kha Ga Gha Nga
2
Name Chichaa Cheechha Jeejja Jhujja Yanza Tainka Thutha Dudda Dhudda Nahnha
Pron Ca Cha Ja Jha Nya Tta Ttha Dda Ddha Nna
3
Name Tutta Thutha Duda Dhuda Nunna Puppa Phupha Bubba Bhabba Mamma
Pron Ta Tha Da Dha Na Pa Pha Ba Bha Ma
4
Name Yaiyya Rara Lalla Vava Rahrha
Pron Ya Ra La Va Rra

Gurmukhi Letter Modifiers

The following are Letter Modifiers. These are used in conjunction with some of the letters above of form unique sounds


# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
1 ਿ
Name Kanna Sihari Bihari Lavan Dulavan Hora Kanuara Onkar Dulankar Tippi bindi Addak
Effect aa e ee ee ai o au u uu n nn x2 'sh

See also

Banis in Gurmukhi

Setting up Gurmukhi facility on your Computer

External Links

Learning Tools

Unicode Gurmukhi

Conversion tool

  • Punjabi Font Converter This is an online utility which will allow the conversion of ASCII based Gurmukhi characters to Unicode. So for example the phrase : siqgur pRswid will be converted to ਸਤਿਗ੝ਰ ਪ੝ਰਸਾਦਿ

Dictionary & Translation tools

Downloadable

More resources

History of Script

Typing

Translation tools

References

  • 1. Singh , G.B., Gurmukh] Lipi da Janarn te Vikds. Chandigarh, 1972
  • 2. Teja Singh, Sahit Darshan. Paliala, 1951
  • 3. Bedi, Tarlochan Singh , Punjabi Vaiiak da Alochnatmak Adhyan. Delhi, n.d.
  • 4. Arun, V.B., Panjabi Bhasha da ftihds. Ludhiana, 1956
  • 5. Bedi, Kala Singh, Panjabi Bhashn da Vikds. Delhi, 1971
  • 6. Chatterji, Suniti Kumar, ed., The Cultural IIni/nge of India. Calculla, 1978
  • 7. Grierson, G.A., Linguistic Sumey of India. Calcutta, 1916
  • 8. Linguistic Survey of India,Vol IX, Part I, Delhi, 1968. &
  • 9. Singh, G.B., Gurmukhi Lippi da Janam te Vikas, Chandigarh, 1972.